What was the name of the act that reduced the disparity between crack cocaine and powder cocaine? A. Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 B. Tough on Crime Act of 1994 C. War on Drugs Act of 1971 D. Fair Sentencing Act of 2015 Who is the father of the Biological theory? A: W.EIf you want to learn more check out in interpersonal context, the content dimension is more important that the relational dimension of a message
Don't forget about the age old question of • Why do people have so much trouble thinking critically?
Don't forget about the age old question of LECTURE TOPIC: What does it mean to be alive?
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We also discuss several other topics like sociology 101 midterm
We also discuss several other topics like gh 101
.B DuBois B: Durkheim C: Lombroso D: Anderson What is the most problematic example of police bias? A. Community Policing B. Immigration C. Racial profiling D. Militarization of Police What is another way to study the extent of crime that is not reported to the police? A) citizens selfreport B) the media c) the crime victims with disability awareness act of 1998 D) all of the above Hate crime offenders are most likely to be what race? A) Black B) Asian C) White D) Native American Which of the following is NOT a criticism of the CODIS System used by the FBI ? A) invasion of medical privacy B) Bodily integrity C) Racial disparity D) Job limitations What are social buffers? a. Community based crime prevention programs b. Barriers that hamper social cohesion in neighborhoods c. Factors that cause isolation from mainstream society d. Positive role models for neighborhood youth What event is known for the deaths of thousands of Native Americans? A.) The California Gold Rush B.) "Trail of Tears." C.) The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 D.) Civil War Where did the idea of race originate? A. Japan B. Mexico C. India D. Unites States The war on drugs was established in what time era ? A. 1800 B. 1960 C. 1900 D. 1980 Which theory is phrenology a part of? a) strain b)culture conflict c) subculture d biology What is the largest Asian American group in the U.S.? a. Chinese b. Japanese c. Filipinos d. Koreans What are the three major media corporations? A. NewsCorp, GE, Comcast, B. Time Warner, Disney, Viacom (CBS) C. NBC, Telemundo, AMC D. Disney, NBC, Time Warner Which of the following are limitations of arrest and victimization data? a. Race definitions b. Hierarchy rule c. Lack of reporting crime d. Police discretion in making arrests e. All of the aboveWhat group has the highest victimization rates? A. African Americans and Hispanics B. Generally all minorities C. Native Americans and those of mixed race D. Non of the above How does community policing help prevent unnecessary police use of deadly force? Community policing allows for police offers and citizens to work together in the war against crime. COP also helps police officers and citizens of a community get to know each other on a more personal level. This bond that is then created between police officers and citizens serves as a second thought before police officers exert deadly force on someone they know means no harm. According to what we discussed in Chapter 2 about the Extent of Crime and Victimization, How is crime collected in the U.S.? In the U.S, crime is collected by self surveys or victimization surveys, this allows crimes that are not reported to the police to be reported by citizens who were victimized. Also, The UCR which studies "Type 1" offenses reported to the police and NIBRs which reports things such as human trafficking and white collar crimes. Under who was the Fair Sentencing Act put in place, and what did it do? A. Under President Obama, the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 was put into place to reduce the disparity between powder cocaine and crack cocaine. Before this act the disparity was 100:1 with more lenience to powder cocaine dealers and users in determination hurt the poorer black race. After this act was placed the ratio changed to 18:1 reducing the sentencing for crack cocaine users and dealers. This act also shortened the length of sentences for offenders already in jail allowing them to be released at earlier times. Why did the government start "the war on drugs" and how has it affected minorities in the country?The war on drugs was started because of the massive increase in crime and drug use. The use of the new drug cocoaine gave a rise to the drug use in the U.S. Law makers wanted to get tough on drug users to prevent the crime rate and drug use from increasing. The war on drugs started in the 1980s and created what's known as the punitive era. The war on drugs has affected minorities because many have been sentenced to prison for many years. The sentencing disparities are an example of how the war on drugs was in reality was the war against minorities. The war on drugs has torn apart the minority community and has made more minorites struggle to live a better life. Give some details about the UCR. What is the hierarchy rule? What type of crimes does it record? What are index crimes? What are some weaknesses of the UCR? A: the hierarchy rule states that in an incident that involves multiple crimes, only the most serious one will be recorded. The UCR divides crime into part I and part II offenses with part I offenses being the most serious. Index crimes are seven crimes deemed to be the most serious and includes murder, rape, and aggravated assault. The UCR records crime that had been reported to the police, which is also one of its major weaknesses because it misses many crimes that are unreported. What was Mitchell Alexander's argument in "The New Jim Crow" Intro? She argues that modern laws prevent African Americans from their basic rights like voting once they are labeled a felon and once you are labeled a felon the old forms of discrimination like employment discrimination or housing discrimination are "legal," thus making this the "New Jim Crow Laws." They never went away, they just changed. What is the CODIS System and give one concern that the ACLU had about it. The CODIS System is a DNA database that determines the race of a person. One concern is that the ACLU believes that the use of the database results in an invasion of bodily integrity What does Collective Efficacy mean? Give an example. Collective Efficacy is found in a community and binds them together. It is a social cohesion among neighbors by looking out for each other and intervene in certain situations for their good. If communities get together they are able to discuss and help fight against any disorder or crimes happening within their neighborhood. Collective Efficacy means giving each other a sense of safety among neighbors in a community. An example would be knowing your neighbors, calling the police if you see something that doesn't seem right happening, and monitoring strangers walking in the neighborhood. The criminal justice system is described as being both a fragmented and interdependent system. Explain each perspective. The fragmented perspective highlights the fragmentation that characterizes each component of criminal justice. The CJ system is made up of three separate and distinct components (police, courts, and corrections) which operate independently of each other. Each has its own functions, goals, and resources. This complexity and fragmentation can sometimes lead to conflict between the various elements of the criminal justice system. The interdependent system perspective to criminal justice dominate highlights the fact that police, courts, and corrections are interdependent and interrelated. Though separate, they must interact and cooperate with one another to make the system function properly. What one part of the criminal justice system does or doesn’t do directly affects the other two.