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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 7 Notes CLP 4143 - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 7 Notes CLP 4143 - Class Notes

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background image February 21, 2017
Eating Disorders
Types of Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa (AN) (‘Starvation’ in Latin) Bulimia Nervosa (BN) Binge Eating Disorder (BED) Other Specified Eating Disorder Anorexia Nervosa (AN) (‘Starvation’ in Latin) Characterized by: o Refusal to maintain body weight
o Intense fear of weight gain
o Disturbances in evaluation of their weight & shape
Woman often stop having their period, this is called 
Refusal to Maintain Normal Weight o How thin is too thin? Generally, less than 85% of expected body weight
for age and height. Body Mass Index (BMI) < 18.5
No clear line Other associated features: o Not THIN enough = Not GOOD enough
background image o Perfectionism
o Food rituals
o Cold, fidgety, restlessness
o Undue influence of body shape/weight on self-image
2 Subtypes of Anorexia Nervosa  o Restricting 
o Binge/Purge
Prevalence and course  o 1-2% lifetime prevalence (0.3% for men) o Slightly more common in Caucasian women
o Usually begins in adolescence (ages 15-19)
o Very chronic: 7 years on average
o Death rate is 5-8%
High comorbidity with depression, anxiety 31x risk for suicide (highest rate of suicide among 
all mental disorders)
Medical Complications o Symptoms of starvation: Lanugo, constipation, cold intolerance o Major Organ Failures Cardiovascular complications 
background image E.g.  Bradycardia, arrhythmia, heart failure. Kidney and liver damage o Osteoporosis & related bone fractures 
o Impaired immune functioning
Things that affect self-esteem of someone with an eating  disorders 45%: weight and shape Everything else much smaller amount  Bulimia Nervosa (BN) Binge Eating + Compensatory Behaviors o 1x per week for minimum of 3 months
o CanNOT occur exclusively during AN
Undue Influence of Weight/Shape on Self-Image Not underweight (i.e., BMI > 18.5) What is a binge?  o Eating within a 2-hour period an amount of food that  is definitely larger than most people would eat in 
similar conditions.
o A sense of loss of control over eating during the  episode Prevalence and Course  o 1-3% lifetime prevalence 
o Onset between 15 and 29 years old 
background image o 2x more common in women than men
o More common in Caucasians
o Chronic: 50% remission rate 
o 7.5x suicide rate 
o Comorbidity w/ depression & non-suicidal self injury 
(NSSI) Medical Complications o Electrolyte imbalance
o Erosion of dental enamel
o Hypersensitive gag reflex
o Enlarged salivary glands
Results in puffy appearance of face o Ruptured esophagus or stomach Binge Eating Disorder (BED) Recurrent episodes of binge eating in the  absence of  inappropriate compensatory behaviors Features: o Eating more rapidly than normal
o Eating until feeling uncomfortably full or when not 
hungry o Eating alone because of embarrassment
o Feeling disgusted, depressed, or guilty about overeating
Prevalence and Course 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Name: Week 7 Notes CLP 4143
Description: These notes cover the material from week 7
Uploaded: 02/23/2017
14 Pages 17 Views 13 Unlocks
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