×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FAU - Ant 2410 - Study Guide - Midterm
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FAU - Ant 2410 - Study Guide - Midterm

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

FAU / Anthropology / ant 2410 / How is language part of enculturation?

How is language part of enculturation?

How is language part of enculturation?

Description

School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: Anthropology
Course: Culture and Society
Professor: Valentina martinez
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Anthropology
Cost: 50
Name: Culture and Society
Description: These notes cover ch. 5, 6, and 8.
Uploaded: 02/26/2017
6 Pages 96 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7f4xjjd1z1wb-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sexqha1r7wgm-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xo5thcj0tef8-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ahai24rmokug-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9k7jdn4zcyj9-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7gxyynucvknf-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i09lxpgitiz3-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ny8nx50oryh-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kb48ykvxvjxr-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zb7xt37mch3b-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w81ctiq3timy-3 > li:before{content:"- "}

Ch.5We also discuss several other topics like What are some specialized type of sentence?

Language is the primary means of communication

  • part of enculturation
  • Written form is 6,000 years old
  • Language originates thousand of years ago

If you want to learn more check out What does economies of scale mean?
If you want to learn more check out Who introduced the cartesian system?
If you want to learn more check out Why do you need to use price control?

Nonhuman Primate Communication

Call system: communication system of wild animals

Sign Language

Cultural transmission through learning is fundamental attribute to language

Productivity: combining signs to create new expressionsDon't forget about the age old question of What are the differences between autosomes and sex chromosomes?

Displacement: ability to talk about things that aren't present

Nonverbal communication If you want to learn more check out What was shown in darwin's finches?

Kinesics: communication through body, stances, gestures facial expressions

Culture influences how people communicate

Structure of Language 

Phonology: study of speech sounds

Morphology: words/meanings

Syntax: words in phrases / sentences

Lexicon: dictionary

Language, Thought, and Culture

Universal Grammar: 

  • what Chromsay called the common structural basis that all languages have

Supir Whorf Hypothesis

  • Different languages produce different ways of thinking

Focal Vocabulary

  • specialized set of terms / distinctions important to certain group

Sociolinguistics

  • investigates relationships between social/linguistic variation or language in its social context
  • focuses on what people actually say / gender, class, stratification, ethnicity

African American vernacular English

Ch. 6

Ethnicity and Race

Ethnicity: based on cultural differences / similarities

Ethnic group: members share certain beliefs, values, habits customs / norms

  • ethnicity is the identification with/feeling part of an ethnic group

Ethnic Groups and Race

Status: position people occupy in society

Ascribed Status: no choice in the status occupied (received at birth)

Achieved status: through choices, efforts talents, accomplished

  • In USA ascribed status is associated with position in socio political hierarchy (minorities to subordinates of stratification)

Human Biological Diversity/ Race Concept

Scientists study human biological diversity in two ways:

Racial classification

Explanatory Approach

Races are Not Biologically distinct

  • no Single trait can be used as a basis for racial classification
  • color based racial labels aren't accurate

Traditional racial Classification: assumed that biological characteristics are determined by heredity were stable

Role of natural selection in producing, variation in skin, color, offers explanatory approach for human biological diversity

Explaining Skin Color

Natural Selection: process by which the forms most fit to survive / reproduce in given

environment

Skin color is a biological trait (complex) influenced by genes

Melanin: primary determinant of human skin color

  • a chemical substance

Race and Ethnicity

Race is a cultural category

  • only cultural constructions of race are possible

Rule of decent: assigns social identity on basis of ancestry

Hypodescent: automatically places children of mixed marriages in group of their minority parent

  • Divides U.S. society into groups unequal in their access to wealth, power, prestige

Ethnic Groups, Nations, Nationalities.

Nation: Society Sharing common language, religion, history, territory, ancestry, kinship

State: Stratified society with formal central government

Nation State: Autonomous political entity,

Assimilation - when minority adopts to culture that is dominant

Multiculturalism: viewing cultural diversity as good/desirable in a country

Plural Society: society that combines ethnic constructs and economic interdependence of ethnic groups.

Prejudice and Discrimination

Prejudice: devaluing of a group because of assumed behaviors, values, capabilities, attributes

Stereotypes: ideas about what members of a group are line

Discrimination: policies/practices that harm group/members

Aftermath of Oppression

        Genocide - deliberate elimination of group

        Ethnocide - destruction of culture of certain ethnic groups

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here