Soc106 Exam 1 Study Guide 1. What is sociology? 2. What are the key elements of sociology? 3. What is the sociological imagination? Who wrote this book? 4. Who wrote “An Imitation to Sociology” and why is it significant? 5. Who is Karl Marx and what did he believe? 6. Who is Max Weber? 7. What were the main points of the “Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of CapiDon't forget about the age old question of bind 305 study guide
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talism”? 8. Who is Emile Durkheim? 9. What’s the difference between Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity? 10. What are the obstacles to developing sociological imagination? 11. What is the value of the sociological perspective? 12. What are the origins of sociology? 13. What is the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat? 14. Sociology vs. Opinion 15. What is macro-level sociology? 16. What is micro-level sociology? 17. Who is Erving Goffman? 18. Why can power define reality? 19. What is ethnomethodology? 20. True of False. Humans have the power to change reality? 21. What is culture? 22. What are some examples of material culture?23. True or False. Language is the most powerful symbol? 24. What are some examples of non-material culture? 25. How are norms enforced? 26. What is a value? Answer Key 1. The study of human society both large and small scale. 2. Society creates reality, society is studied scientifically, cultures differ, individuals and society are inseparable, institutions are inh1 erently conservative, social life is dynamic 3. Connecting basic aspects of life to major times in history. C. Wright Mills. 4. Peter Berger. The book addresses questions that sociologists want to know such as the consequences of religious beliefs. It also addresses questions they cannot answer such as the existence of God. 5. Karl Marx was a famous early sociologist that believed that the conflicts with social class are what had the most drive on social change. 6. Max Weber wrote “Economy and Society” and “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” He suggested studying social behavior by observing those engaging in it. (interpretive sociology) He believed Marx went to far in studying social behaviors and now how they evolve. 7. Examines the religious roots of modern capitalism, religious calling and work ethic. 8. Emile Durkheim wrote “Suicide” and “The Division of Labor in Society” He coined the term anomie meaning having a sense of normalness resulting from drastic changes in living conditions or arrangements: the driving force of suicide. 9. Organic solidarity is untraditional high division of labor that is specialized. Mechanical solidarity is traditional, low division of labor, and a sense of sameness. 10. Cultural belief in individualism and self-determination, common sense knowledge or personal experience (we believe our own experiences are universal and generalizable) 11. Appreciation for diversity, solving obstacles to social problems, keeps us from simple explanations of complex issues 12. The Enlightenment and The Industrial Revolution 13. Marx named the working class the proletariat and the capitalist class the Bourgeoisie.14. Sociology is a perspective of the world and a way to identify/understand patterns observed in society. Opinions are based on person experiences or stereotypes. 15. Macro-level is institutions (religions, politics, etc.) and culture (values, beliefs, customs). 16. Social interactions. 17. He wrote “The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life” and came up with the dramaturgical theory. This theory states that life is a play and we all have different roles. We also use impression management to make sure we give off good impressions as well as the others around us. (example: greeting someone) 18. Power can define reality because those with power have the ability to influence and control those around them. (example: celebrities claiming vaccinations are harmful) 19. Ethnomethodology is a way to make sense of the world and convey that understanding to others. (example: why standing facing the wall in an elevator is weird) 20. True. Humans create reality so they have the power to change it. (example: gay marriage used to be illegal but now it is normal) 21. Culture is a collection of ideas, values, practices, and material objects shared by a group. *humans cannot survive without culture 22. Knifes, cups, plates, symbols, language (the most important symbol) etc. 23. True. 24. Norms, values, beliefs, ideology. 25. Mores, folkways, sanctions. 26. Standards that define what is good/right in a society .