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Questions: Mood Disorders and Suicide 1. What are the symptoms of a Major Depressive Episode?2. What distinguishes a Major Depressive Episode from Major Depressive Disorder?3. How is Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) similar to and different from Major Depressive Disorder? 4. What is the prevalence rate for Major Depressive Disorder? Persistent Depressive Disorder? What are the gender and age differences in MDD’s prevalence?5. Describe biological theories for Depressive Disorders:A. What gene has been associated with MDD and how do environmental factors influence its expression?B. What neurotransmitters are lower (on average) in people who are depressed? C. What brain regions have been shown to act differently in people with MDD? For each region, is it over- or under-active?6. Describe psychological theories for depressive disorders:What do behavioral theories say about the development of depression? What behaviors are or aren’t reinforced in depressed individuals? How does this contribute to the syndrome?What do cognitive theories say about depression? What maladaptive cognitions have been shown to be present more often in individuals who are depressed?
7. Compare and contrast major drug classes used to treat depression.8. Describe the general goals of two primary psychological treatments for depressive disorders: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, and Interpersonal Therapy9. Identify the key features of a Manic Episode with regard to mood, time, and impairment? 10. Describe the similarities and differences between a Hypomanic Episode and a Manic Episode? 11. Identify the key differences between Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder? How does Cyclothymic Disorder differ from the other two bipolar disorders?12. Describe the respective prevalence rates and courses of Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorders.13. Describe the biological and psychological theories for bipolar disorders.14. Describe the biological and psychological treatments for bipolar disorders.15. Differentiate between suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury.16. Describe the gender differences with respect to deaths by suicide and suicide attempts. Describe ethnic differences in deaths by suicide.17. Identify risk factors and warning signs for death by suicide.
18. Describe the interpersonal theory of suicide.19. Describe treatment and prevention efforts for suicidal behavior. Eating Disorders: 20. What is Anorexia Nervosa (AN)? Bulimia Nervosa (BN)? Binge eating disorder? (BED)? How are they similar and how are they different?21. How are the subtypes of AN defined?22. How common is AN? How long does it usually last? What demographic is most likely to be diagnosed with AN?23. What are some medical complications that can be associatedwith AN?24. How is a binge episode defined?25. What are compensatory behaviors?26. Describe the prevalence and course of BN.27. What are some medical complications that are associated with BN?
28. Describe the prevalence and course of BED.29. What are some ways that social messages about body and body image can influence eating disorder symptoms? How can we work to reverse negative messages from society to reduce the incidence of eating disorders as a culture?30. What are some biological theories about the development and maintenance of eating disorders? What role do we think that neurotransmitters and hormones play? 31. What about psychology? What personality traits are often associated with AN? BN? BED?32. What drug treatment is commonly used to combat eating disorders (and which eating disorder(s) is it used for)? 33.What are the frontline psychological treatments for AN, BN, and BED? When are family-based treatments appropriate? Substance Use Disorders: 34. With respect to Substance Use Disorders, what is a substance?35. What is the overall prevalence of illicit drug use? How is this different for different age and ethnicity groups? How has illicit drug use changed over time? 36. What is intoxication, and what is withdrawal? What are the intoxication and withdrawal effects of: a) Alcohol b) Cannabis
c) Stimulants d) Opiates e) Hallucinogens37. Which substances have the highest levels of problematic use across society? Lower levels? 38. What are the key features of Alcohol Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorders? 39. What neurotransmitters are most involved with substance use disorders? Brain areas? How do genetics play a role? 40. What is the role of learning/behavioral models in the Substance Use Disorders? 41. With regard to substance use disorders, compare and contrast the disease model and the harm reduction model. How does treatment differ between the two models?42. What biological treatments are available for Substance Use Disorders? Cognitive/behavioral treatments? Answers: Mood Disorders and Suicide
1. At least 5 of the following symptoms for at least 2 weeksDepressed mood*AnhedoniaAppetite or weight changesSleep problemsPsychomotor changesLoss of energyFeelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guiltConcentration problemsSuicidal thoughtsSymptoms must represent a change from previous functioning Episode must cause some distress and/or impairment2. A major depressive episode is a collection of symptoms for a set period of timeA major depressive disorder is the presence of a major depressive episode that is not better accounted for by another disorder (with no history of manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes)3. PDD is more chronic (but can be less severe) than MDD At least 2 symptoms for at least 2 yearsAppetite problemsSleep problemsLow energy
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Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Name: CLP 4143 Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers the material from exam 2 (Depression, Bipolar, Suicide, Eating Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders)
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