Natural Disasters and the Human Population Review: There are different quizzes, each have their own unique questions, below is a compilation. 1) Population growth was relatively flat until about 8,000 years ago, wDon't forget about the age old question of Name the characteristics of general protist.
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hen it began to rise. 2) According to demographic transition theory, what factor leads to declines in mortality and fertility rates? ∙ Economic development and social development 3) True or false: The recent decline in global birth rates will result in a decline in world population within the next 50 years. ∙ False; despite the decline in birth rates, the world population continues to grow at a rapid rate. 4) Over the past 500 years, the average number of deaths globally due to earth quakes has been 1,000,000 per hundred years. 5) Popocatepetl is a volcano located between Mexico City and Puebla, two of the largest cities in Mexico. 6) Why is it difficult to assess the beginning of human history? ∙ No historic documents ∙ Fossil record is scanty 7) A pandemic is an infectious disease that spreads across very wide areas, often across multiple continents. 8) The following are examples of great natural disasters: ∙ China earthquake, 2008 ∙ Myanmar cyclone, 2008 ∙ Japan earthquake and tsunami, 2011 ∙ Haiti earthquake, 2010 9) The term magnitude refers to the size of a natural disaster. 10) The demographic transition: ∙ Very early: High death rate and birth rate; population remains stable. ∙ Early: Decreasing death rate, high birth rate, population increases rapidly. ∙ Late: Low deathrate, decreasing birth rate; population growth rates decline. ∙ After: Low death rate and birth rate; population remains stable. 11) Of the 40 greatest insurance loss disasters between 1970 and 2013, most were due to Natural disasters. 12) The number of individuals that a particular environment can support is referred to as its carrying capacity. 13) Another term for return period is recurrence interval. 14) An example of a pandemic is the bubonic plague, which affected Europe in the 14th century. 15) Viruses move easily between humans, pigs, and birds, because they live and interact with them. 16) Of the 40 deadliest natural disasters between 1970 and 2013, the two most frequent mega killers were earthquakes and hurricanes. 17) The growth in human population over time is an example of exponential growth, which can be extremely rapid because it increases continuously in ever larger increments. 18) As global population has grown, so too have the number of fatalities and economic costs of natural disasters. 19) Efforts to reduce the impact of natural disasters, such as the development of evacuation routes, are called mitigation. 20) The most important factor determining the number of deaths globally due to natural disasters is population. 21) Why are the most expensive natural disasters not also the deadliest? ∙ Wealthy countries build stronger buildings. ∙ Wealthy countries are better insured. 22) Which of the following is not an example of a natural hazard. ∙ A tornado that destroyed large parts of a town. This is an example of a natural disaster. 23) The doubling time is the number of years required for a population to double in size given an annual percentage growth rate. 24) The current doubling rate for the world population is 58 years. 25) Between 1845 and 1852, the population of Ireland decreased by approximately 20%. What factors led to this drastic decline? ∙ Starvation and disease due to potato crop failures. ∙ Mass emigration to North America. 26) What happens to global population if the average number of births per woman is 1.6? ∙ Population declines. 27) Social science research has shown that, in general, people respond to natural disasters in which of the following ways? ∙ Greater levels of connectedness and cohesion. ∙ Greater participation in humanitarian efforts. ∙ Greater levels of sympathy and empathy. 28) A natural hazard is the threat of a naturally occurring event that could have a negative effect on human life or property. 29) Large magnitude natural disasters tend to occur less frequently than small magnitude natural disasters. 30) Of the 16 deadliest natural disasters of 2013, the most common were floods. 31) The destruction of buildings, and roads, loss of jobs, and decreases in tourism income are all examples of the negative economic impact of natural disasters. ‘ 32) What increased the carrying capacity of Irish land during the 1500s, leading to a rpaid increase in population. ∙ Introduction of the potato 33) On a yearly basis in the United States, the most likely highfatality events are. ∙ Hurricanes and earthquakes34) Why is population growth linked to increased loss of life and property due to natural disasters? ∙ More people live in proximity to natural hazards. 35) Which of the following factors are believed to be the cause of declining world fertility in recent years? ∙ Urbanization ∙ Increased opportunities for women 36) Which of the following explain the rapid increase in global population growth rates in the 18th century? ∙ A decline in death rates. ∙ Public health policies. 37) Why do so many people live at the base of popcatepetl, despite the hazards associated with an active volcano? ∙ Good climate with lots of sunshine and reliable rainfall. ∙ The rich volcanic soil is good for agriculture. 38) What led to the collapse of civilization on Rapa Nui? ∙ Destruction of trees in order to transport carved stone statues. ∙ Collapse of the social system due to reduced food resources. ∙ Soil erosion, which led to decreased agriculture. 39) One of the similarities between the influenza pandemics of 1918 and 2009 is the high proportion of deaths from the young (29 years and younger). 40) Which of the following is not an example of a pandemic caused by a virus? ∙ The Black Death pandemic of the 1300s. This was caused by bacterium, not a virus. 41) What two factors, other than population size, were shown by van der Vink to be related to the number of natural disaster deaths? ∙ Level of democracy ∙ Level of economic development 42) Which of the following are concerns about the human population explosion? ∙ Decreasing supplies of fresh water and food. ∙ Increased frequency of megakiller natural disasters. ∙ Increased pollution. ∙ Climate Change. 43) Due to population growth, particularly in lessdeveloped countries, it is estimated that million death earthquakes are likely to occur once every 100 years. 44) Which of the following is the best explanation for why more great natural disasters are predicted to occur in the near future? ∙ Population growth, particularly in areas vulnerable to natural disasters, means that fatalities will be high. 45) The deadliest natural disasters occur in the regions of the world where population density is highest. 46) During early human history, before the development of agriculture, the global population size was strongly controlled by abundance of plants and animals, weather, and disease.47) The influenza pandemic of 19181919 has been identified as swine flu (H1N1), a subtype that still causes epidemics today. 48) True or false: a study by van der vink and students at Princeton university suggests that the level of democracy is more important than the strength of an economy in determining the death toll of a natural disaster. ∙ True, “[Deaths] are direct and inevitable consequences of high risk land use and the failures of government to adapt or respond to such known risks.” 49) During demographic transition countries shift from high to low mortality and fertility rates, and population growth declines. 50) Which of the following are likely causes for the rise in population growth that occurred 8,000 years ago? ∙ The development of agriculture. ∙ The domestication of animals. 51) Megakiller earthquakes in the past 500 years occurred in which countries? ∙ China, Haiti, Japan, and Indonesia 52) The present rate of world population growth is about 1.2%. 53) The size of a natural disaster is referred to as its magnitude. 54) Return period describes the number of years between samesized natural disaster events. 55) Regarding population growth which statement is not true? ∙ Western Europe, Japan, and North America have moderately high rates of population growth. 56) Regarding population growth which statements are true? ∙ Population growth in sub Saharan Africa has been increasing. ∙ Population growth is generally higher in poor nations than in wealthy nations. ∙ Population growth is not evenly distributed around the world. 57) Countries where a significant percentage of the population is under 15 years old are likely to see population growth over the next 50 years. 58) On a yearly basis in the United States, the most likely low fatality events are floods and tornadoes. 59) Why is it expected that the number of deaths by natural disasters will rise? ∙ Global population is increasing. 60) A virus consists of genetic material coated by fat and protein and cannot reproduce by itself. 61) The sharp upward curve in this graph of human population over time is the result of exponential growth. 62) Which of the following statements about the concept of carrying capacity is incorrect? ∙ As human population increases, so do the food resources available. 63) Which of the following statements about the concept of carrying capacity are correct? ∙ As food resources decrease, the population dependent on that food decreases in size. ∙ As food resources increase, so does population. ∙ The size of a population is limited by the resources of the environment in which it lives. 64) Which of the following types of disasters was the deadliest for the year of 2013? ∙ Typhoons/hurricanes 65) Which of the following accurately describe Popocatepetl’s activity over the past few thousand years? ∙ Frequent small eruptions ∙ Occasional large eruptions. 66) A natural hazard is the threat of a naturally occurring event that could have a negative effect on human life or property. 67) Which of the following types of natural disaster has been the most expensive in terms of insurance losses in the period from 1970 to 2013? ∙ Hurricane