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WSU / Biochemistry and Molecular Biology / BMB 1345 / What instrument has 4-stringed, pear-shaped lute, and has 24 large fre

What instrument has 4-stringed, pear-shaped lute, and has 24 large fre

What instrument has 4-stringed, pear-shaped lute, and has 24 large fre

Description

Exam 2 (Chapters 4, 7, & 10) - Catherine Butler (StudySoup)Instruments Country About Page 7-string zither, NO BRIDGES, always played solo,  


What instrument has 4-stringed, pear-shaped lute, and has 24 large frets for a pitch?



qin China pipa China

Confucias "inst. Of the scholar", restrained,  balanced

4-stringed, pear-shaped lute, 24 large frets for  pitch bending, Arabic oud ->flattened, frets  added, held upright

192 198

yang qin China hammered zither, derived from Persian santur 197 er-hu China2-stringed, bowed fiddle, hollow wooden box,  

snakeskin face 196

horozontal bamboo flute w/ rice paper  

dizi China

membrane 198

morin khuur Mongoliacarved horse head at top, long necked bowed  

fiddle, accompanies Mongolian Throat singing 215

puk/buk Koreashallow barrel drum w/ 2 tacked heads, held  


What instrument has a 7-string zither, no bridges, and always played solo?



vertically, accompanies p'ansori 219-220

koto Japan13-string plucked board zither, came from  We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of arms transfer in international politics?

Chinese gu zheng, BRIDGES 224

3-stringed plucked lute, from Okinawan san shin,  

shamisen Japan

came from Chinese san xian. Plucked with fishtail  shaped object. Square body.  

224

shakuhachi Japan vertical flute, from Chinese xiao 225 dung chen Tibet long trumpets 235 non-keyed, tube aerophone, performaer buzzes  

didjeridu Australia If you want to learn more check out What is the energy that is due to motion energy?

susapNew  Guinea

lips, circular breathing essential, clap sticks often  

65

added


What instrument has carved horse head at top, long necked bowed fiddle and accompanies mongolian throat singing?



mouth harp' (lamellophone), free reed pulled  close to mouth, tongue/mouth cavity shapes  71

sound, used for surrogate speech - symbolic  communication, courtship, heightened speech

pahu drum Hawaiisingle-headed cylindrical membranophone,  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the main characteristics of living things?

stands vertically on carved footed base 77-79

ipu heke Hawaii gourd idiophone added to Hawaiian drum dance 77 atumpan AfricaGhana, in pairs (1 high, 1 low), used for music and  

speech (praise and poetry), Talking Drums 342

donno Africa double-headed, hourglass pressure drums 341 Zimbabwe (Shona ppl). Not 'thumb piano.'  

mbira Africa

Lamellophone, related to kalimba (on top of a  gourd), bira has square board sometimes placed  inside of a gourd Don't forget about the age old question of How is the interaction described among the elements and principles of design that creates an aesthetic result?

354

akadinda/amadinda AfricaUganda. Wooden xylophone, 2+ ppl, always  

played outside, court context 360

Sengal. Harp-lute, inst of the oral historian  

kora Africa

jali/groit, 2 bars to hold up lute and pluck w/  thumbs and pointer fingers

363

Ensembles Country About Page Jiangnan sizhu  

ensemble China "silk and bamboo" ensemble. Er-hu, pipa, yang  

qin, dizi, performed by educated amateurs,  

traditionally in teashops, heterophony

shamisen, koto, shakuhachi. Chamber music,  

small recitals, private geisha performances.  We also discuss several other topics like Which adaptive immune response that provides a two-pronged defense?

196, 201

Sankyoku Ensemble Japan

Heterophony w/ large gaps, hemitonic  pentatonic, no improv. "sankyoku" = 3  instruments.  

ensemble of drums (single headed), bells (metal  

224

Ghanian Polyrhythmic  Ensemble

West  Africa

idiophones), and calabash shakers (gourd shaker  idiophones w/ netted beads). Timeline patterns,  call and response, hemiola

335-339

Operas Country About Page "Peking Opera", stock characters, symbolic stage  

Beijing Opera China Revolutionary Opera China Don't forget about the age old question of Out of 1,094 feature films made during the nazi era, how many were genre films?

P'ansori Korea Kabuki Theater Japan

action, all male, singers on stage, INSTS OFF  STAGE, led by jing-hu fiddle (mimic high woman's  voice)

Cultural Rev. socialist gov orders that art must  serve ppl, reflect socialist ideals, Confucian  idealogy attacked, music to rouse ppl for rev. Qin  rejected, opera targeted, women played  women's roles, ballet and orch. Borrowed from  Russia, mixed with Chinese

narrative solo theater associated w/ the court,  accompanied by single drum (puk/buk). Historical  stories depict powerful stories. Vocal timbre  forced, harsh, convey intense emotions. Free  meter, rhythm tied to phrasing of poetry Early 1600s: Shinto shrine maiden danced on  kyoto riverbed stage dressed as man,  accompanied by Noh musicians, she added  shamisen to Noh music, gov banned it and all  performances by women. All male theater,  longer stories incorporated = Naguata ("long  stories"). Musicians, singers, drums on stage

203

209

219

228-230

Music Theory Country About

Hemitonic Pentatonic East Asia contains 1/2 steps

NO 1/2 steps, majority of Chinese music, creates  

Anhemitonic Pentatonic East Asia

Confucian state of balance and vague tonal  center, built on stacked P5 intervals

Structuring Principles Country About

West African

timeline patterns/cycles West  Africa

begins w/ bells and shakers, drums enter 1 by 1.  When group is solid, master drum comes in to  add interest, variety, & dialog with dancers

call and response West polyrhythmic inst. Ensemble - CD 2/19

drum melodies and  pulse shift

Kora Structure

timeline patterns/cycles

interlocking melodic  patterns

West  

Africa

Sub

Saharan  Africa

Sub

Saharan  Africa

based on group texture, creates hemiola, interest  and musical tension

repeated cycles, often larger than 1 measure,  players change them over course of  

performance. Polyrhythm.

distributed btwn both hands, singing created  independently above kora part, creating rhythmic  and melodic polyphony

Other Country About

beauty as imperfection and transience. Sankyoku  

wabi-sabi Japan

Ensemble's aesthetic focus on silence (sonic  emptiness), and rough timbre, Buddhist idea

Listening Examples CD/Track -  

CountryAbout Page

Chinese Quqin 1/16 -  China

anhemitonic, carefully prescribed ornamentation,  slow but metered. Confucias prefered qin - "inst  of scholar"

192

Chinese "Silk and  Bamboo"

1/17 -  China

jiangnan sizhu ensemble, er-hu, pipa, yang qin,  dizi, educated amateurs, played in teashops,  heterophony

196, 201

Chinese Beijing Opera 1-18 -  China

symbolic stage action, all male, singers onstage,  INSTS OFF STAGE, jing-hu fiddle (mimic woman's  voice)

Cultural Rev. socialist gov orders that art must  serve ppl, reflect socialist ideals, Confucian  

203

Chinese Revolutionary  Beijing Opera

Mongolian Throat  Singing

1/19 -  

China

2/1 -  

Mongolia

idealogy attacked, music to rouse ppl for rev. Qin  rejected, opera targeted, women played  women's roles, ballet and orch. Borrowed from  Russia, mixed with Chinese

overtone singing, khoomei (type of singing)  alternating with urtin duu (song genre = long  song), accompanied by morin khuur

narrative solo theater associated w/ the court,  accompanied by single drum (puk/buk). Historical  

209

215-216

P'ansori 2/2 - Korea

stories depict powerful stories. Vocal timbre  forced, harsh, convey intense emotions. Free  meter, rhythm tied to phrasing of poetry

219

Sankyoku Chamber  

Music2/3 - Japan Kabuki Theater 2/4 - Japan Buddhist Ritual 2/5 - Tibet

shamisen, koto, shakuhachi. Chamber music,  small recitals, private geisha performances.  Heterophony w/ large gaps, hemitonic  pentatonic, no improv. "sankyoku" = 3  instruments.

Early 1600s: Shinto shrine maiden danced on  kyoto riverbed stage dressed as man,  accompanied by Noh musicians, she added  shamisen to Noh music, gov banned it and all  performances by women. All male theater,  longer stories incorporated = Naguata ("long  stories"). Musicians, singers, drums on stage "rooftop of the world", long trumpets, conch  shell trumpets, frame drums, cymbals, double reeded aerophone, OT singing. "Not music,"  trumpets meant to blast away evil spirits

224

228-230 234

Australian Aborigine  Song, "Bushfire"

Susap, "Badra from  Buzi"

Hawaiian Drum-Dance  

1/1 -  

Australia

1/2 - New  Guinea

1/3 -  

didjeridu, clap sticks, vocalist, clap sticks added to  didjeridu and dance to depict 'dreamtime' (the  

65

creation of the world), ritual

mouth harp' (lamellophone), free reed pulled  close to mouth, tongue/mouth cavity shapes  71

sound, used for surrogate speech - symbolic  communication, courtship, heightened speech text-driven dance, articulated through body,  

Chant

Hawaii

accompanied by pahu drum and ipu heke 77-79

Kiribati Group Song 1/4 -  Kiribati

2/19 -  

polyphonic choral singing, Micronesia-Polynesia,  hand clapping, influenced by the Church 81-83 ensemble of drums (single headed), bells (metal  

Ghanian Polyrhythmic  Ensemble

West  Africa

idiophones), and calabash shakers (gourd shaker  idiophones w/ netted beads). Timeline patterns,  call and response, hemiola

335-339

Ghanian Talking Drums 2/20 -  Africa

language is tonal, speech articulated through  drum pairs, variable pitch. Poetry and praise. 341

Nigeria Juju 2/21 - popular music 346-348 nomadic forest dwellers, eqalitarian social  

DRC Pygmy Music

2/22 -  Central  Africa

structure (food/decision-making done  collectively). Singing/flute playing, interlocking  structure, no leader or followers - each person  equal  

Zimbabwe, mbira used to accompany songs in  

351

Mbire Dza Vadzimu 2/23 -  Africa

Ugandan Akadinda 2/24 -  

Shona community. Sacred ceremony communing  w/ ancestral spirit. Patterns of 2-3 interlocking  parts

2+ men play 1 xylophone, fast, interlocking,  

354

Africa

continuous parts. Court context - royalty. 360

Jali w/ Kora 3/1 - Africa

Sengal. Timeline cyles/patterns, interlocking  melodic patterns btwn hands, voice melody  independent of kora melody

363

Mbube Vocal Choir 3/2 - Africa Republic of South Africa. 372

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