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TEMPLE / Engineering / Psy 2103 / blackboard ole miss

blackboard ole miss

blackboard ole miss

Description

School: Temple University
Department: Engineering
Course: Foundations of Learning and Behavior Analysis
Professor: Josephine southwick
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Learning and Behavior Analysis Probe 2 Study Guide
Description: This study guide highlights the most important questions and concepts from prep guides 6, 7, 8, and 9 and their corresponding material.
Uploaded: 03/05/2017
5 Pages 111 Views 1 Unlocks
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Test Your Knowledge Study Guide Method: Instructions: Study using your own notes or mine, then try answering the questions on  your own. The correct answer is available for your reference. If you prefer, writing the  questions and answers on flashcards might help. For context and explanations, refer to  earlier notes. Feedback is appreciated. Questions are welcome. **There are flashcards available for Chapters 6 and 7 with the principles and concepts.  Chapter 5 flashcards and previous chapters flashcards were provided by the professor  on Blackboard.** Q: What is overcorrection? A: a contingency on inappropriate behavior requiring the person to engage in an effortful  response that more than corrects the effects of the inappropriate behavior Q: Whenever you have a punishment contingency, what do you need to have in the  background? A: A reinforcement contingency that reinforced the behavior that we want to punish Q: How does the victim’s punishment model differ from the victim’s escape model? A: the victim’s punishment model punished the victim’s appropriate behavior while the escape  model reinforces the perpetrator’s aversive behavior. (both are unintentional) Q: What is the dependent variable and the independent variable of a behavioral  procedure? A: Dependent: frequency of behavior, Independent: intervention (punishment, reinforcement,  etc..) Q: Which is better, multiple baseline or reversal? A: Reversal is better for more confidence in experimental results; multiple baseline is better for  behavior that cannot be unlearned or for medical/drug testing Q: Everybody E.A.T.S. is an acronym for…? A: the four common functions of behavior: Escape, Attention, Tangible, Sensory Q: How do Response Cost and Time­out differ? A:   Response Cost Time out Removal of the reinforcers themselves Removal of access to reinforcers


Q: What is overcorrection?



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Loss of reinforcers Loss of opportunity to access reinforcers Lost forever Lost temporarily Tangibles Activities

Q: What is the difference between exclusionary and non­exclusionary time­out? A: Exclusionary: the person is excluded from the immediate setting. Non­exclusionary: the  person remains in the immediate setting during time­out Q: What does the law of effect tell us? A: that the effects of our actions determine whether we will repeat them. It basically summarized the four basic contingencies of reinforcement and punishment Q: What is the difference between ABAB and ABA reversal designs? A: ABAB means baseline → intervention → baseline again → intervention again. ABA  means baseline → intervention → baseline Q: What do we mean by outside stories? A: Behavior that is countable, public, and can be agreed upon by multiple observers Q: What is the difference between traditional and behavioral characterization? A: Traditional → like the toothpaste theory. Behavioral → based on principles of  behavior (countable, public, can be agreed upon by multiple observers) Q: What cycle can extinction inhibit? A: The sick social cycle Q: What is the difference between extinction bursts and spontaneous recovery? How are  they similar. A: They are both an increase in the undesired behavior, but extinction bursts happen as soon as the presentation of reinforcement stops and spontaneous recovery happens sometime after the  initial withdrawal of the reinforcement Q: What is the difference between spontaneous recovery and recovery from  punishment? A:

Procedure Reaults To eliminate  recovery


Q: Whenever you have a punishment contingency, what do you need to have in the background?



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Recovery from  Punishment Stop the punishment  contingency Response rate  recovers to level  before punishment Start the punishment  contingency again Spontaneous  Recovery Continue the  extinction sessions Response rate  recovers briefly at the beginning of each  extinction session Continue the  extinction sessions

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Q: What is satiation A: It is when a reinforcer loses its reinforcing properties for a certain amount of time because of  it being readily available Q: What is the advantage of having a control condition? A: Control procedures help make the scientific method the most reliable way of finding out about the world because of its comparison to the experimental condition/group Q: What is the purpose of functional analysis? A: To find the contingencies responsible for the problem behavior Q: What do punishment and extinction have in common? A: They decrease the future frequency of behavior Q: How do extinction and punishment differ? A: 

Extinction Punishment “If­Then” Statement/  Contingency NO YES Behavior Produces  Results NO YES Has Background  Contingency NO YES Eliminates  Previous/Background  Contingency YES NO


Q: How does the victim’s punishment model differ from the victim’s escape model?



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Q: Do a set of responses need to meet all three standards to be part of a response class?A: A set of responses need meet only one of those three standards to call them a response  class Q: What is response differentiation? A: The reinforced response class occurs more frequently than the response class that is not  reinforced usually as a result of differential reinforcement Q: What is the difference between differential­reinforcement and plain reinforcement? A: Differential­reinforcement Plain Reinforcement When a large response class is occurring at a high frequency and we wish to increase the  frequency of one subset of those responses  and decrease the frequency of another  subset We just want to increase the frequency of a  response (not in details) Implicitly involved in reinforcement because  some responses will be reinforced and others will not Involves differential­reinforcement in a way Both involve a reinforcement contingency that produces high frequency of one response class

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Q: What is positive practice? A: It is a form of overcorrection by repeating the correct response after making an incorrect  response Q: What is the difference between a single­subject research design and a group research design? A: Single­subject: The entire experiment is conducted with a single subject, though it may be  replicated with several other subjects; Group: The experiment is conducted with at least two  groups of subjects and the data are usually presented in terms of the mean (average) of the  performance of all subjects combined for each group Q: What is a variable­time schedule? A: The event is independent of responding Q: What are establishing conditions? A: The general name for variables that increase learning and performance with respect to a  particular reinforcer or aversive stimulus (same as motivating operation) Q: What is the difference between forgetting and extinction?A: Forgetting: the loss of stimulus control. Extinction: Stopping the reinforcement or escape  contingency for a previously reinforced response causes the response frequency to decrease
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