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UM / Psychology / PSY 210 / When is contact hypothesis utilized?

When is contact hypothesis utilized?

When is contact hypothesis utilized?

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PSY 210 - Articles # 18, 20, 26We also discuss several other topics like Which continent is the 4th largest by landmass?

• Article 18: Interracial Roomate Relationships (prejudice) Don't forget about the age old question of Why are non-renewable resources significant in international security?

by Natalie J. Shook and Russel H. Frazio

Summary of Article / experiment:

• Purpose = wanted to test the contact hypothesis to see if it reduces prejudice among racesIf you want to learn more check out Which feeling of a person does internalized norm involve?

• Contact Hypothesis = prejudice stems from a lack of knowledge and exposure. Thus, increased interactions with members of different groups should allow individuals to gain information about others and lead to reduction in hostility and prejudice.

• Method = experimental long-term research by using an implicit measure of racial attitudes and dormitory

  • Participants: white freshmen randomly assigned to a white roommate  or white freshman randomly assigned to African-American roommate
  • Measures:

• Participants completed 1-hr experimental session within the first 2 weeks of their first We also discuss several other topics like What are some examples of delusion?

quarter of college and a second 1-hr experimental session within the last 2 weeks of the

same quarter.

• During the session they answered questionnaires regarding their roommate, completed

a standard inventory of intergroup anxiety toward African-Americans, and an evaluative Don't forget about the age old question of What are the four stages of moral decline?

priming procedure (5 phases)

  • Procedure:

• participants were told the project concerned college experiences and adjustment to We also discuss several other topics like What do you call anything that is produced or consumed?

college life.

• priming was perceived as measure of multitasking abilities (first procedure)

• then questionnaire

1st         • At the end participants were either paid $10 or given 1-hr of research experience credit

        • Second session - steps were repeated

2nd        • At the end paid $15 or give 1.5-hr credit

  • Results:

        • overall, interracial roomate relationships were less satisfying, less socially involving,

and less comfortable than were white-white relationships.

• in terms of racial attitudes, there was a significant effect of room type and the results

support the contact hypothesis: white freshman in interracial rooms exhibited

significantly more positive automatically activated racial attitudes at the second session

than at the first session.

• intergroup anxiety: white freshmen with African-American roommates reported

increased comfort interacting with African-Americans at the end of the quarter. → Less

anxiety reported.

• Article 20: What is Beautiful is Good (interpersonal attraction)

by Dion, Berscheid, and Walster

  • Purpose/Hypothesis

• The experiment was designed to determine whether physically attractive stimulus

persons, both male and female, are (a) assumed to possess more socially desirable

personality traits than physically unattractive stimulus persons, and (b) expected to lead

better lives (become better husbands and wives, better parents, and more successful

socially and occupationally) than less attractive persons.

  • Method:

• Subjects = 30 males and 30 females in an intro course in Psychology (college students)

• Procedure:

  • Subjects arrived in designated rooms and were introduced to the experiment as a study of accuracy in person perception.
  • Subjects were told the purpose of the study was to compare person perception techniques, specifically graduate students in clinical psychology and clinical psychologists

Stimulus Material (IV)

  • Subjects were given 3 envelopes of pictures of an attractive person, average attractive person, and an unattractive person
  • Half of the pictures were male, the remaining half were female
  • 12 different sets of three pictures each were prepared
  • Each subject received and rated only 1 set.

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