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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 1 Notes - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 1 Notes - Class Notes

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 1 Notes
Description: Chapter outlines: o Biological Approaches o Psychological Approaches o Sociocultural Approaches o Prevention Programs o Common elements and effective treatment
Uploaded: 03/07/2017
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background image CLP 4341 1­20­17 Chapter 2 Chapter Outline o Biological Approaches o Psychological Approaches o Sociocultural Approaches o Prevention Programs o Common elements and effective treatment Steven Hayes’s Theory and Therapy o Started suffering from panic attacks and trys to explain them o Biological approach: parents  o Psychological: o Socicultural: o Theory: Set of ideas that provides a framework for questioning, gathering and 
interpreting information about a phenomen.
o Therapy­Treatment that address factors that theory says cause the phenomenon Biopsychosocial Approach o Combination of biological, psychological, and social cultural factors that result in the  development of psychological symptoms. o Referred as risk factors because they increase the risk of psychological problems o Biological risk factors­Genetic predisposition o Transdiagnostic risk factors­Increase the multiple types of psychological  problems. Diathesis­Stress Model of the Development of Disorders o Diathesis (factor) +Stress (trigger) =Disorder o Biological (genes vs disease) o Social (chronic stress vs. traumatic event) o Psychological (poor skills vs loss of control) Phineas Gage’s Brain Injury o His personality change; transformed to a repulsive, inappropriate man Biological Causes of Abnormality o Brain Dysfunction o Chemical Imbalances o Genetic Abnormalities Organization of the Brain o Hindbrain: crucial for day to day
background image CLP 4341 1­20­17 Chapter 2 o Medulla: responsible for regulating largely unconscious functions such as  breathing and circulation  o Pons o Reticular Formation o Cerebullum o MidBrain: reward, and relay information o Superior and Inferior collicus o Substaintia Nigra o Forebrain:  o Thalamus: relay center for cortex handles incoming outgoing signals o Hypothalamus: responsible for regulating basic biological needs: hunger, thirst,  temperature control o Pituitary Gland” master gland that regulates other endocrine glands o Limbic System o Cerebrum Limbic System: o Set of structures that regulate many instinctive behaviors, such as reactions to stressful events and eating. o Located around the central core fo the brain and closely interconnected with the  hypothalamus o Amygdala: structure of the limbic system that is critical in emotions such as fear o Hippocampus: Part of the limbic system that plays role in memory Neurotransmitters o Biochemicals that act as messengers carrying impulses from one neuron, or nerve cell, to  another in the brain and in other parts of the nervous system. o Synapse: slight gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent neurons. o Receptors: Molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons Processes that Affect the Neurotransmitters o Reuptake: occurred when the neurons that initially release the neurons into the synapse 
reabsorb the neurotransmitters, decrease the amount left in the synapse. 
o Degradation: occurs when the receiving neurons release an enzyme into the synapse that 
breakdown the neurotransmitters into other biochemical.
Biochemical Imbalances o Psychological symptoms may possible be associated with: o Number and functioning of the receptors for neurotransmitters on the dendrites o Malfunctioning in the neurotransmitter systems
background image CLP 4341 1­20­17 Chapter 2 Types of Neurotransmitters o Serotonin: travels through many key areas of the brain, affecting the function of those areas. 
It is not staying in the synapse long enough for it to get from one cell to the next. So instead 
you inhibit the reuptake of the serotonin. 
(SSRI: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibit) to  reduce the amount of depression. o Dopamine: found in areas of the brain associated with the experience of reinforcements or 
rewards, and it is affected by substances such as alcohol.
o Norepinephrine: produced by neurons in the brain stem. Cocaine prolong the action of 
norepinephrine by slowing its reuptake process
o GABA: inhibits the actions of other neurotransmitters. Tranquilizing effect some drugs is 
because they increase they inhibitory activity of GABA. 
Endocrine System o System of glands that produce chemicals called hormones released directly into the blood
o
Hormone: carries messages throughout the body and affects o Mood  o Levels of energy o Reaction to stress Sometimes can be duplicated because of an imbalance in thyroid.  o Pituitary: produces the largest number of different hormones and controls the secretion 
of other endocrine glands.
o Malfunctioning of the  hypothalamic­pituitary­adrenal axis (HPA Axis) cause anxiety  and depression. Behavioral Genetics  o Study of the genetics of personality and abnormality is concerned with the following  questions o To what extent are behaviors or behavioral tendencies inherited? o What are the processes by which genes affect behavior?  Gene Abnormality o Disorders are associated with multiple abnormal genes o Polygenic process: multiple genetic abnormalities coming together in one individual to create a specific disorder Interactions Between Genes and Environment o Genetic facts influence the kinds of environments chosen which reinforces individual’s  genetically influenced personalities and interest You want to hang around people that are like you. o Environment acts as a catalyst for a genetic tendency

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 1 Notes
Description: Chapter outlines: o Biological Approaches o Psychological Approaches o Sociocultural Approaches o Prevention Programs o Common elements and effective treatment
Uploaded: 03/07/2017
7 Pages 15 Views 12 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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