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TEXAS STATE / Engineering / ART 2302 / Who was known as the warrior pope?

Who was known as the warrior pope?

Who was known as the warrior pope?

Description

School: Texas State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Renaissance to Modern Art
Professor: Kathryn moore
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Art History, Renaissance, mannerism, reformation, Baroque, enlightment, and rococo
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: Goes over the high Renaissance, mannerism, the Reformation, Baroque, and the Enlightment and Rococo.
Uploaded: 03/09/2017
28 Pages 38 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews


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NOTESIf you want to learn more check out Who is the father of modern christian revivalism?

  • Vitruvian Man 1485 - 1490
  • Inspired by Polykleitos
  • Doesn’t correspond to an actual body

We also discuss several other topics like What happens when a positive charge moves in the direction of the electric field?

A. Pope Julius II was known as the “warrior pope”

  • Chose his name after Julius Caesar because the Roman Empire served as a government model
  • Commissioned art that would show his power and the power of the Catholic Church

If you want to learn more check out What type of currency is acceptable in international market fund?

B. Michelangelo

  • Believed the image was locked in stone. Had to remove the excess stone to find the idea/image
  • Measured things by eye
  • Nicknamed “terribilita”
  • David, 1501-1504
  • Has political dimension. David is the hero of Florence, asymbol of liberty for the palace
  • Greco-Roman statue (similar to Hellenistic sculptures)
  • The marble had a crack.
  • Scene is before David killed Golliath, confronting reality
  • Competition against Da Vinci

  • Moses, 1513-1515
  • Tomb of Pope Julius II
  • Meant to be seen from below
  • The 10 commandments because of emotions expressed
  • Horns helped identify it’s Moses (ray of Christ)
  • Pope Julius II died early, reduced the size of the project

  • Bound Slave, 1513-1516
  • Violent contrapposto, muscle bound
  • Unfinished project

  • Sistine Chapel, 1508-1512
  • Reluctant to paint the ceiling, painting was secondary
  • Inexperienced with fresco
  • Height and curvature made it difficult to paint

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the process of host vs. graft lymphocytes test?

C. Putti (cherubic little boys)

  • Believed the body was the manifestation of the soul
  • Figures looked like statues because of light/shadow

  • Creation of Adam, 1511-1512
  • Humanistic approach
  • God is depicted as an Olympian pagan (classical and Christian traditions combined)
  • Some say that the female figure is either Eve or Mary

  • Fall of Man, 1510
  • Synoptic illusion
  • Eve has a male body, but breasts were added

  • Last Judgement, 1536 - 1541
  • Pope was originally painted in hell
  • Leads to mannerisms
  • Christ has no beard
  • Christ is damning people into hell

  • Pieta, 1498-1500
  • No one knew who he was, wrote name on band
  • Combined the birth and death of Christ
  • Clergy didn’t like the piece because the Virgin appeared too young and had breasts

  • Tomb of Giuliano de’ Medici, 1519-1534
  • Figures didn’t look like the patrons, he didn’t care
  • Own, poppies, and music represent nightmares or the like cycle night and day allude to death
  • Two ideal human types
  • The contemplative man
  • The active man (vita activa)
  • represent ed as a Roman General

  • Plan for Saint Peter's Vatican, 1546
  • Added and simplified Bramante’s original plan
  • Unified and cohesive design
  • Baroque architects learned from this design
  • Hemisphere (semicircular silhouette)

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D. Raphael

  • School of Athens, (1509-1511)
  • Congregation of the great philosophers and scientists of the ancient world
  • Neoplatonic universe, perfect world
  • Massive vaults and colossal statues recall Roman architecture
  • Plato points gestures to earth (observations of reality)
  • Plato’s side: mysteries that transcend this world
  • Aristotle’s side: concerned with nature and human affairs
  • Michelangelo added on later, was a fan of him
  • Added self-portrait on bottom right corner

  • Marriage of the Virgin, 1504
  • Citta di Castello (Chapel dedicated to Saint Joseph)
  • Joseph competed with otherS for Mary’s hand in marriage
  • Whoever’s rod miraculously blooms gets to marry her
  • Learned foreshortening and perspective from Perugino
  • Known as “Divine Raphael”

  • Madonna in the Meadow, 1505-1506
  • Used pyramidal composition like Da Vinci
  • Chiaroscuro (earlier version)
  • Peruginesque landscape (feathery trees in background)
  • Preferred clarity, not obscurity

  • Galatea, 1513
  • Commissioned by Agostino Chigi (banker who managed the Papal State’s financial affairs)
  • Based on metamorphoses by Roman poet, Ovid
  • Galatea flees from Cyclops Polyphemus
  • Cupids are foreshortened
  • Figures represented sculpturally
  • Dolphins are stylized (popular in Baroque Period)

  • Baldassare Castiglione, 1514
  • Represented the perfect Renaissance man (like Da Vinci)
  • Some pose as the Mona Lisa
  • Psychological realism
  • Background color muted as if there is no background

  • Pope Leo X with Cardinals, 1517
  • Qualities of Northern Renaissance paintings
  • The illuminated manuscript shown in the painting is still present in the Vatican today

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D. Giovanni Bellini

  • Zaccaria Altarpiece, 1505
  • Created the Venetia style (soft colored light)
  • Influenced by the Flemish vibrant colors and mixed oils
  • Byzantine mosaic on dome

  • The Feasts of the Gods, 1529
  • Tithan helped paint it (modified the background)
  • Alfonso d'Este, Duke of Ferrara commissioned it
  • Greco-Roman style
  • Olympian gods appear techniques (color) and paint application
  • Colorito: colored or painted
  • Poesia: painting similar to poetry

E. Giorgione da Castelfranco

  • Pastoral Symphony, 1508
  • Poesia (inspired by Bellini)
  • Pastoral mood
  • Women were the men’s imaginary inspiration
  • Shepherd symbolizes the poet

F. Titan

  • Assumption of the Virgin, 1516-1518
  • Commissioned by the friar of the Franciscan Basilica
  • Tour de force and vibrant colors

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