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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 9 CLP 4143 Notes - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Week 9 CLP 4143 Notes - Class Notes

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background image March 7, 2017 
Anxiety Disorders
Why do we get anxious? 
Anxiety is adaptive (natural alarm response) Prepares us to do something (fight, flight, freeze) SOME anxiety is good…. Fight-or-Flight Response Set of physical and psychological responses that help us fight 
a threat or flee from it 
The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by the 
hypothalamus (2 systems are activated):
o Autonomic nervous system (ANS) includes    … Sympathetic NS (fight or flight) Acts directly on smooth muscles and 
internal organs to produce bodily changes: 
Liver releases extra sugar to fuel the 
muscles
Heart rate, blood pressure, and 
breathing rate increase
Less essential activities such as 
digestion are curtailed 
Saliva and Mucus dry up to increase 
the size of the air passages to the 
lungs 
Parasympathetic NS (rest and digest) o Adrenal-Cortisol system or Endocrine system (hormones releasing system) Adrenalin
background image Epinephrine/norepinephrine Cortisol (body’s stress hormone) Increases blood sugar (energy)  Suppresses immune system (diverting 
attention away from organs not required for 
fight or flight) 
Stressor Amygdala Hypothalamus Sympathetic Nervous  system; Adrenal-Cortical System (HPA axis) Hypothalamus communicates to the sympathetic nervous system as well as the HPA axis  Responses to Threats Emotional o Terror or dread
o Appear irritable or restless
Cognitive o Looking out for danger Behavioral o Confront or escape the threat Adaptive vs. Maladaptive Fear 3 Questions: o Are concerns realistic given the circumstances?
background image o Is the amount of fear in proportion to the threat?
o Does the concern persist in the absence of the threat?
Fear vs. Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis Key: Distress & Impairment o Severe enough to lower quality of life
o Chronic and frequent enough to interfere with 
functioning **If fear is distressing & impairing it will likely qualify for  a diagnosis What are the Anxiety Disorders?  DSM-IV-TR Anxiety  o Panic Disorder
o Generalized Anxiety Disorder
o Specific Phobias
o Social Anxiety Disorder
o Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Now put into a different category  o Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Now put into a different category  o Acute Stress Disorder

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 9 CLP 4143 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 9
Uploaded: 03/11/2017
11 Pages 17 Views 13 Unlocks
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