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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Class Notes - Week 10

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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: University of Connecticut
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology 2
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology and 1103
Name: Psychology week 10
Description: These notes cover material for the exam
Uploaded: 03/22/2017
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background image Personality Assessment  Myers Briggs Typer Indicator  o Four Dimensions  Extraversion-Introversion Act first, think later or think first, act then Sensing-Intuiting  Practical or imagination thinking-feeling Analytical or emotional - judgment-perception Plan everything or go with the flow used to make personnel decisions not empirically supported   Barnum effect “something for everyone” “there’s a sucker born 
every minute”
Forer Profile  Description of personality portrayed as tailored to 
specific individual 
Individual perceives as highly accurate  Vague and general as to apply to almost anyone  NEO PI-R
Neuroticism Extraversion Openness
Personality Inventory-Revised 
assesses the “Big 5” factors  reliable and valid assessment “How much do you…?” o worry about things
o believe in the important of art 
o Enjoy large parties 
o Like to keep things organized 
o Love a good fight 
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
most widely used test for diagnosing psychological 
disorders, also has personality subscales (e.g., social 
introversion)
used to make hiring decisions and to determine criminal 
risk
567 binary items (t/f) empirical test construction Self-Report Tests beware social desirability addressing social desirability problem
background image Test takers do not know what is being measured  Test items not related to purpose of test  Built in validity scales: MMPI is an example  o Faking good
o Faking bad
o Evasiveness 
o Inconsistent responses 
Abnormal Behavior  o Behavior that is  Deviant (atypical) Maladaptive (dysfunctional) Consider context  Personality distressing (despair)  o Only 1 of these needs be present, but typically 2 or3 are present  Theoretical Approach  Biological Approach: Medical Model Disorders with biological origins  drug therapy often used as tx genetic predisposition: Greater genetic likelihood of developing disorder  o However, genes not necessary expressed  however, genes not necessarily expressed Psychological Approach Experiences, thoughts, emotions personality  Sociocultural Approach Social context  Biopsychosocial Model interaction of biological, psychological and sociocultural 
factors
E.g. genetic predisposition interacting with dress to 
produce disorder 
DSM  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Provides a standardized criteria for classifying mental 
disorders 
Advantages naming the disorder can provide comfort Provides a common basis for communication  Helps clinicians make predictions  Disadvantages medical terminology implies internal cause focus on weaknesses ignores strengths Stigma (shame, negative reputation) o fears that are:
background image generalized anxiety disorder panic disorder phobic disorder obsessive-compulsive disorder post-traumatic stress disorder Diagnosis and Symptoms -constant state of worry & dread, restlessness, muscle 
tension, irritability, headaches, difficulty concentrating & 
sleeping
Persistent anxiety for at least 6 months  Inability to specify reasons for the anxiety  Etiology biological factors genetic predisposition, GABA (neurotransmitter)  deficiency psychological and sociocultural factors harsh self-standards, critical parents, negative  thoughts, trauma Panic Attack Diagnosis and Symptoms Recurrent, sudden onsets of intense terror (panic attacks) 
that often occur without warning 
Heart palpitations, dizziness, etc.   Usually less than 10 minutes long Relatively common- 30percent of US in past year Etiology biological factors: genetic predisposition, dysfunctional 
brain activity (e.g., over-activation of amygdala coupled 
with under-activation of prefrontal cortex)
psychological factors: mininterpreted arousal  Socialcultural factors- gender differences- women 2x  Phobic Disorder  o Diagnosis and symptoms  An irrational, overwhelming, persisten fear of a particular 
object or situation-go to extreme lengths to avoid 
Often person knows fear is irrational  Etiology biological factors: genetic predisposition, dysfunctional 
brain activity (e.g., over-activation of amygdala coupled 
with under-activation of prefrontal cortex)
psychological factors: learned o Examples of phobic disorders  Agoraphobia  Fear of being alone/far away 
background image Arachnophobia  Fear of spiders  Arcophobia  Fear of heights Gamophobia  Fear of marriage  PTSD  Diagnosis and Symptoms Symptoms develop as a result of exposure to trauma Re-experiencing (flashbacks) Avoiding (numb, don’t want to talk about it) Excessive arousal: anger outburst, hypervigilance  Etiology trauma - combat and war-related - sexual abuse and assault - natural and unnatural disasters vulnerability - genetic predisposition  - previous history of trauma OCD  o Diagnosis and Symptoms  Persistent anxiety- provoking thoughts and/or urges to 
pe4rform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or 
produce a situation
2 parts  Obsession: thoughts  Compulsion: Behavior   Etiology biological factors: genetic predisposition, 
dysfunctional neuron loop in frontal cortex
psychological factors: life stress Mood Disorders  o … disturbance of mood that affects entire emotional state o Types  Major depressive disorder  Dysthymic disorder  Bipolar disorder  Major Depressive Disorder  o Diagnosis and symptoms  Significant depressive episode that lasts for at least 2 
weeks 
Defined by at least 5 out of 9 of these symptoms 

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology 2
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology and 1103
Name: Psychology week 10
Description: These notes cover material for the exam
Uploaded: 03/22/2017
13 Pages 13 Views 10 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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