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JMU / Biology / GEOL 110 / What is orogenies?

What is orogenies?

What is orogenies?

Description

@import url(https://themes.googleusercontent.com/fonts/css?kit=OPeqXG-QxW3ZD8BtmPikfA); .lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7 0}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2 0}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2 0}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0 0}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-4 0}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7 0}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0 0}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_av77yxye134b-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-4}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-1 0}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1 0}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6 0}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3 0}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5 0}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4 0}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3 0}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8 0}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8 0}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_bqmfni2lvhc8-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-7}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-5 0}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d9b5b6arm7u4-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_uu2hbtvrsrxx-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-6 0}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_4ohw3v2qgdyq-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_333feel8wzs0-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lad4kk23z1z2-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_qe5h49eul0rk-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-7}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qkhjgerofjzl-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_uoohq4yotbt-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bwr51yfniyk5-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wzlh5a6ouurf-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pscuolilgvk6-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhv68xskgh9j-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-5}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_gfiz69icdmkf-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-3}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ae6vk76bm1vi-0}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_6ixmm2slh5-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vpidkenjzd4t-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4k2jovrl813-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7cicu2wvyuml-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fbkz1dva1mxw-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_f86lc7pwgnt7-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qigj7sjnrckz-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4ufv2gy4g9ra-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ramwg1xb3k76-0,decimal) ". 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Feb. 15, 2017We also discuss several other topics like Spanich missions took place in what central location?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the key characteristics of freshwater wetlands?

EARTH DEFORMATION

                Folding - crushing rocksWe also discuss several other topics like Illustrate claisen condensation.

                Faulting - breaking a rock

  • Folding - ductile type, flows or bends
  • Brittle = Faulting
  • Elastic = nonpermanent; leads to ductile

                The elastic deformation- a safe area for buildersIf you want to learn more check out What are the three main mechanisms of chemical weathering?

  • 3 Types of Forces
  1. Compression         
  2. Tension         
  3. Shearing         

*this is a good compare or contrast ?If you want to learn more check out What is measured by test-retest reliability?

Faults

  • Reverse- fault due to compression
  • Normal fault
  • Strike-slip
  • Top View
  • Anticline in a fold
  • Syncline in a fold

        With weathering, sometimes new rock is beside old rocks in a clineIf you want to learn more check out What are the different pasrt of profound knowledge?

  • Monocline
  • If you split an anticline, or a syncline, you get two equal limbs. The split line is an axial plane.
  • Sometimes axial limbs get tilted.
  • When they’re all facing new directions, they’re called asymmetric

If a point comes from below, we get a dome. There’s usually gas down here.


Orogenies

  • A mountain building event.
  • Joints are a place where as rock breaks, usually on cleavage plains.
  • If the head wall moves up, it is a reverse fault.
  • If it moves down, it is a normal fault

        Measured by dip angle.

  • 2 Types of Lateral Faults
  • Right Lateral
  • Left Lateral
  • Horst and Graben

EARTHQUAKES

  • Elastic Rebound Theory predicts why and when earthquakes happen.
  1. Focus- where a rock breaks
  2. Epicenter- where on Earth
  3. Slip- movement along a fault.
  4. Seismic Waves- Energy moving through Earth.
  • Body Waves
  1. P - Waves (fastest)
  • P- waves move in one direction
  1. S - Waves (fast)
  • S- waves make an “S”
  1. Surface Waves (slowest)
  • Surface waves are like S waves but rocks don’t fix themselves        
  • P - S = time = how far + where
  • Richter scale is a logarithmic x10 in scale.
  • Records power of an earthquake
  • Energy- x30 per level

Feb. 22

Mercalli

  • Scale of I to XII
  • Earthquakes
  • Easier to communicate

Shallow Earthquakes

  • Close to surface
  • Happen at all plate bounds

Deep Earthquake

  • Convergent

Cannot predict earthquakes, BUT we can find where it is most likely to have one.

Earthquakes hours before:

  • Uplift land
  • Increase radon
  • Groundwater rises
  • Animal behavior
  • P waves can move through liquids, S waves cannot.
  • The denser the material, the quicker and more efficiently waves of any kind can get through
  • Seismic or Light waves reflect and refract on a new material
  • If the earth was homogenous, a seismic wave would travel straight through. If it does not, it bends and moves.

Crust

  • Continental (felsic)
  • Less dense
  • P waves = 6 km per sec
  • Oceanic (mafic)
  • Dense
  • P waves = 7 km per sec
  • Isostasy - a principle that says less dense stuff floats on more dense stuff.
  • Almost impossible to make a continent sink
  • The Moho marks the boundary between the oceanic and continental crust.

Mantle

  • Low Velocity Zone (Asthenosphere)
  • Seismic waves decrease due to density - Mantle is a plastic.
  • Everything above the low velocity zone = brittle.
  • Mafic magmas come from here in the asthenosphere

LAYERS:


  • CRUST + LITHOSPHERE

  • ASTHENOSPHERE

  • MANTLE

  • CORE

P Wave Shadow Zone

  • 103o to 190o,
  • No P Waves can get through (justifies the core)
  • By studying the outer core, we know that it is liquid.
  • These cores help prove a magnetic field.
  • Also shows that the poles have flip flopped.
  • Magnetic reversals can be seen on the ocean floor.

Feb. 27

GEOLOGIC TIME

  • Absolute Age - number of years
  • Relative Age -  vague, compares layers

  1. Principle of original horizontality
  • Layers must be flat at start.
  1. Superposition
  • Oldest rock on the bottom.
  1. Unconformities
  • The missing time or layers (eroded away) = disconformity
  • Different angles are put on top of older tilted rocks
  • Nonconformity; Sedimentary on top of an igneous rock
  1. Cross cutting relationship
  • Magma sources (dikes, plutons) have to come after rocks by them.
  1. Fossil or faunal succession
  • Formations.
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