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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Study Guide

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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Study Guide

School: University of Connecticut
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology 2
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology and 1103
Name: Psychology 1103 study guide exam 2
Description: Study guide for exam 2
Uploaded: 03/23/2017
0 5 3 51 Reviews
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background image Exam 2 Review  Stress and coping Know stages of General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Alarm  Activation of nervous system, adrenal glands, immune 
system­respiration, heart rate 
Resistance  Increased production of steroids­­­short term energy  Exhaustion  Final Rallying of defenses followed by breakdown  Define psychoneuroimmunology The study of the effects of stress, emotions, thoughts and behavior on the 
immune system
Identify examples of cognitive appraisal  assessment of an emotional situation wherein a person evaluates how the 
event will affect them, interprets the various aspects of the event, and 
arrives at a response based on that interpretation
When a college gets promoted I might feel resentful because I thought I 
deserved the promotion 
(e.g., deciding whether or not something is a threat, deciding whether or 
not you can cope with the threat)
Contrast problem­focused and emotion­focused coping Emotion­focused  Attempts to manage the way you feel about the problem  Problem­focused  Attempts to modify the problem or the source of stress  Define hardiness Sense of commitment and of control  Perceives problems as challenges, not threats  Portrait of a Killer film: Key findings related to social rank/hierarchies People at the bottom are very stressed, and people on the top are 
not. It is dangerous because our bodies make adrenaline and stress 
for life threatening situations, but most of these situations are not 
life threatening which makes us more stressed more often. o, 
we're constantly marinating in corrosive hormones 
triggered by the stress response
Key factors that reduce the negative effects of stress Aerobic exercise  Laughter and Humor  Stay away from emotions (Anger) that promote the stress hormone  Crying 
background image Personality Know Freud’s theory of personality structure Id  Pleasure principle  Instincts and reservoir of psychic energy  Ego  Deals with demands of reality  Reality principle  Superego  Moral brand of personality: “Conscience”  Ego Balances demands from ID and restrictions from Superego  Know the sequence of Freud’s psychosexual stages of personality development 
and issues involved in each stage (e.g., Oedipus complex)
Adult personality is determined by the way we resolve conflicts between 
sources of pleasure at each stage and the demands of reality
Psychosexual Stages  Oral Stages (0­18 months) Infant’s pleasure centers on the mouth  Mother is established as strongest love object  Anal Stage (18­36  months) Child’s pleasure focuses on the genitals  Phallic Stage (3­6 Years) child’s pleasure focuses on the genitals Oedipus complex castration anxiety Electra complex penis envy Latency Stage (6 years­ puberty) Interest in sexuality is repressed/ Channeled into socially 
acceptable activities 
Genital stage: Adolescence and Adulthood  sexual maturation is complete; intercourse major goal source of sexual pleasure is someone outside family Fixation: Remain locked in particular developmental stage Identify examples of the various types of defense mechanisms Ego Defense Mechanism  Conflict between the id. Ego, and superego results in anxiety and guilt Defense mechanisms reduce anxiety or guild by unconsciously distorting 
reality 
Repression  Foundation of all defense mechanisms  Involuntarily put conscious conflict into conscious  Slips of the tongue (Freudian Slip) 
background image Defense Mechanisms  Denial  Never consciously recognizing conflict/ problem in the first
place
Displacement  Act out feelings on an object other than the true target  Projection  Assign your own characteristics to someone else  Sublimation  Replace an unacceptable impulse with socially acceptable 
one 
Rationalization  Find a rational­sounding argument to explain something, 
but misses the true explanation 
Reaction Formation Give strong expression to the opposite of true feelings 
because true feelings are threatened 
Regression  Seek the security of an earlier developmental period Describe humanistic theory of personality & key concepts Views people as having an awareness of life and of themselves that leads 
them to search for meaning and self­worth.
Emphasis on:  Self perception  Capacity for personal growth  Freedom to choose own destiny  Positive human qualities  Rational­ Conscious experience  Socially oriented  Ability to achieve what we desire  Criticisms vague, almost philosophical, formulations too optimistic about human nature? promotes self­love and narcissism? Know the five factor model Openness  Inventive/ curious vs. cautious/ conservative  Vivid imagination, like to explore  Conscientiousness  Efficient/organized vs. easy going/careless Like to plan  Don’t like things to change  Extraversion 

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology 2
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology and 1103
Name: Psychology 1103 study guide exam 2
Description: Study guide for exam 2
Uploaded: 03/23/2017
9 Pages 70 Views 56 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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