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GSU - PSY 1101 - Practice Exam Chp. 1 w/Answers and Glossary - Study

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GSU - PSY 1101 - Practice Exam Chp. 1 w/Answers and Glossary - Study

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background image PRACTICE EXAM-Chapter One 
the following multiple choice questions, select the answer you feel best answers the question.  
  1. How is psychology different from philosophy?   a) Psychology uses the scientific method to answer questions.  
d) The field of psychology is much older than the field of philosophy.  
2. The first psychology laboratory was opened in ________ in order to study ___________.  a) 1065; psychological disorders 
b) 1946: learning  
c) 1879; introspection  
d) 1809; biopsychology  
3. The psychological perspective of structuralism focused on   a) how the whole structure is bigger than the individual parts. 
b) understanding each individual structure of human thought.  
c) how mental thought helps us structure our daily activities.  
d) the structure of society at large.  
4. The school of psychology called structuralism used a technique called _____, which involved 
reporting the contents of consciousness to study a person's experiences. 
a) intervention  
b) introspection  
c) insight inventory  
d) induction  
5. William James believed that mental processes could not be studied as an isolated, static 
event but instead needed to be viewed in terms of how they helped people perform in their daily 
lives. James was a strong proponent for  
a) structuralism.  
b) functionalism.  
c) behaviorism.  
d) the humanistic perspective.  
6. Gestalt psychologists are associated with which of the following sayings?   a) The pineal gland is the seat of the human soul.  
b) Psychology should reach into the soul of mankind.  
c) Behavior should be broken down into its individual components.  
d) The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.  
background image 7. Freud said phobias were ____________ whereas Watson said phobias were __________.  a) learned; inherited  
b) repressed conflicts; learned  
c) sexual; unconscious  
d) conditioned; unconditioned  
8. A researcher who studies the chemical changes in the brains of patients with depression 
would be approaching psychology from which perspective?  
a) behaviorist  
b) psychodynamic  
c) cognitive 
d) biopsychological  
9. One of the reasons psychodynamic theories have persisted over the years is that they are 
a) supported by significant scientific research  
c) difficult to scientifically test and, thus, difficult to disprove  
d) used by the majority of psychologists  
10. A humanistic psychologist would be interested in which of the following research studies?   a) describing a group of people who claim to have reached their full potential  
b) understanding the role of the unconscious in a child’s decision to disobey her parents  
c) investigating the role of hormones in the mating behavior of birds  
d) figuring out visual illusions are possible  
11. Taylor received her degree from a medical school and now meets with patients on a daily 
basis. Most of her patients have a serious psychological disorder and often Taylor will prescribe 
medication to treat the disorder. Taylor is a  
a) psychologist.  
b) psychiatrist.  
c) psychiatric social worker.  
d) school nurse.  
12. Vido has an M.S.W. and is interested in working on the causes of poverty. What type of 
professional is Vido most likely to become?  
a) educational psychologist  
b) psychiatrist  
c) school psychologist  
d) psychiatric social worker  
background image 13. Why do psychologists use the scientific method?  a) It is easier to use than other methods.  
b) All academic fields must use the scientific method.  
c) It is the only method available to answer questions.  
d) It reduces bias and error in measurement.  
14. Deb spent the entire day at the park observing children with their parents to see whether 
fathers or mothers spent more time playing with their kids. Deb used the method of  
a) naturalistic observation.  
b) laboratory observation.  
c) survey.  
d) case study.  
15. Which of the following topics would be best studied using the case study method?   a) the reaction times of adults in a stressful situation  
b) the sleep pattern of adolescents  
c) the impact of club sports involvement on female adolescent self-esteem  
d) the personality characteristics of a man accused of killing five people  
16. A group of randomly selected subjects that matches the population on important 
characteristics such as age and sex is called __________________.  
a) volunteer bias.  
b) a representative sample.  
c) the experimental group.  
d) the control group.  
17. Which of the following correlation coefficients represents the strongest relationship between 
two variables?  
a) +0.62  
b) -0.98  
c) +0.01  
d) +1.24  
18. A researcher finds that as the number of classes missed increases, the students’ grades 
decrease. This is an example of a  
a) positive correlation. 
b) negative correlation.  
c) zero correlation.  
d) case study.  

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School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Fall 2014
Tags: Psychology and Intro to Psychology
Name: Practice Exam Chp. 1 w/Answers and Glossary
Description: This is a practice exam with the answers included. There is also a glossary for vocabulary at the end of the practice exam.
Uploaded: 03/23/2017
9 Pages 51 Views 40 Unlocks
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