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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 10

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 10 CLP 4143 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 10
Uploaded: 03/23/2017
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background image Social Anxiety Disorder  Social Anxiety Disorder ≠ Specific Phobia Not a fear of a specific thing (more general than phobias) Severely disrupts  daily life (more impairing than phobias) Highly comorbid with Substance Use Disorders (e.g., drinking),
Depression, etc.
Key Features of Social Anxiety Disorder  Fear of humiliation or embarrassment in social situations 
(or performance settings)
Recognition that fear is Excessive or unreasonable (not 
necessary in kids)
Avoidance of feared situations (or endured with intense 
distress)
Types (specifies) of Social Anxiety Disorder  Generalized o Fears related to MOST social situations 
o Men more likely to present for treatment 
Men may feel they are expected to be smooth in 
conversation; dating, men often make the first 
move 
View that woman are more likely to have a timid, 
quiet, personality 
Public speaking only o Most common non-clinical fear (about 20% of U.S.)
background image Social Anxiety Disorder vs. Shyness  48% of college students classified as “shy” Only 18% (of these 48%) had symptoms qualifying them for 
SAD
Key Difference:  o 1. Distress 
o 2. And/or Impairment 
Prevalence and Course  Prevalence o Lifetime prevalence of generalized type: ~10%
o Public speaking type: up to 20%
Women are at greater risk than men, but men…
Course o For >50% of patients, social anxiety disorder is  chronic with onset prior to adolescence. Long term effects of  early onset? Biological Theories of Social Anxiety Disorder  Genetic component o Social anxiety/shyness (trait) runs in families 10 times more likely in 1 st  degree relatives than  general population  o General      tendency towards anxiety (rather than direct  heritability of SAD)
background image Biological Treatments  SSRIs (e.g., Zoloft) & SNRIs (e.g. Effexor) have been shown 
to be efficacious for SAD
o However, Band-Aid solution! Symptoms return when  patients stop taking medications Cognitive Theory  Cognitive distortions Exaggerated likelihood of negative evaluation o “They will definitely think I’m dumb, ugly, annoying, and boring.” Exaggerated costs of negative evaluation o “If joe thinks I’m dumb, I won’t get over the  embarrassment and I’ll never be successful.” Safety Behaviors o Over-prepare for conversations
o Avoid eye contact
o Make up (hide blushing)
o Alcohol use (make more social, numb anxiety)
Attentional Biases o Self-focused attention
o “Now my cheeks are red, now I can’t find the right word,
I’m so stupid, this story I’m telling must be so boring…” Video Notes:  Cognitive Distortions 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 10 CLP 4143 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 10
Uploaded: 03/23/2017
9 Pages 11 Views 8 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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