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AU / History / HIST 1020 / Who won the sino japanese war?

Who won the sino japanese war?

Who won the sino japanese war?


School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History II
Professor: Michael smith
Term: Spring 2016
Cost: 50
Name: History 1020, Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: study guide for the second study guide on chapters 17 & 18
Uploaded: 03/27/2017
15 Pages 177 Views 7 Unlocks


Who won the sino japanese war?

Blue text = important because/results

Green text = definition of term

Highlight = people

Spanish-American War

∙ Between Spain and US

∙ 1898

∙ began after explosion of US  ship in Havana Harbor in Cuba  led to US intervention in  

Cuban War of Independence

∙ US backed revolts of Cuba  against Spanish rule

∙ Used yellow journalism to call  to war

Sino-Japanese War

∙ Results: independence of  


∙ More Chinese ports open to  trade

∙ Spheres of influence: western  powers carve china into  

spheres of economic influence

Competitive nationalism

∙ European countries judged  their strength on the basis of  global powers

∙ Express dominance and  

strength without having to  

fight wars with other European countries

∙ Having the most colonies is  what’s important

Otto van Bismarck

∙ Statesman in Prussia

∙ Works for Kaiser Wilhelm

∙ German unification is  

essentially Prussian unification ∙ Strict limits on political  


∙ Very limited checks on king’s  power

∙ Believes in power of monarchy ∙ Rejects idea of popular  


What did the irish republican brotherhood do?

Don't forget about the age old question of Who is schneider et al. entrepreneurs?

∙ Anti-liberal and anti-socialist ∙ Wants more power for Prussia ∙ Has military strength to make  it happen

∙ Unified Germany happens for  his glory and King Wilhelm I

∙ Not for romantic nationalism ∙ Not interested in the  

implementation of democracy, or overthrowing regimes

Irish republican brotherhood

∙ Contributed to Irish  

nationalism rooted in  


∙ Secret oath bound fraternal  organization

∙ Dedicated to independent  democratic republic in Ireland ∙ 1858-1924

Late 19th century el Niño

∙ Series of droughts

∙ All agricultural areas

∙ Subsistence farming or “big time farmers”

∙ Grain is getting more  

expensive  bringing in less  


∙ World that is more  

economically inter-dependent  and connected  with growing  population of Africa makes it  


∙ New castle disease: comes  from India  kills90% of the  

cows in east and south Africa

∙ African government trying to  feed their people  borrow  

money from European  

investors, cattle are  

decimated and el Nino 1,  

landowners default on their  

loans  European investor use  it as excuse to seize land and  take control of land

Conference of berlin

∙ Regulated European

What agreements came out of the berlin conference?

Don't forget about the age old question of What happens during hyperpolarization?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the main goal of sport biomechanics?

colonization and trade in  

Africa during the New  

Imperialism Period

∙ Coincided with Germany’s  sudden emergence as an  

imperial power

∙ Called for by Portugal

∙ Organized by Otto von  


∙ Formalization of the Scramble  for Africa

Paul Gaugin

∙ Painted “Tahitian Women”

∙ Really relaxed painter

∙ French post impressionism  painter

∙ Experimental use of color and  synthetist style

∙ Influential to French avant garde

Mexican revolution

∙ Major armed struggle

∙ 1910-1920

∙ radically transformed Mexican  culture and government

∙ outbreak resulted from the  failure of the 35-yearlong  

regime of Porfirio Diaz to find  a managed solution to the  

presidential succession

Anglo-Boer war

∙ 1899-1902

∙ Great Britain defeated two  Boer states in South Africa:  

South African Republic and  

Orange Free State

∙ British war effort was further  supported by volunteers from  British Empire

∙ British were overconfident and not prepared

∙ Boers were well armed

Taiping rebellion

∙ 1850-1864

∙ “great peace”

∙ massive rebellion or civil war  in China

We also discuss several other topics like What are the 4 types of utopias?

∙ fought between Manchu led  Qing dynasty and Heavenly  

Kingdom of Peace

∙ after 14 years of war the  

Taiping Army marched through every province of China proper except Gansu

∙ largest war in China since  1644

∙ one of the bloodiest

Opium wars

∙ Anglo-Chinese disputes over  British trade in China and its  


∙ Weakened the Wing dynasty  and forced China to trade with the rest of the world

∙ First war: 1839-1842 

concluded by Treaty of  

Nanjing, established 5 treaty  ports

∙ Second war: 1856-1660 

British forces wanted to fight  for legislation of opium trade,  expansion of coolie  

(indentured servant) trade,  

open all of China for British  

merchants, and to exempt  

foreign imports from internal  transit duties

Sun yat-sen

∙ Chinese physician, writer,  philosopher, calligrapher, and  first president and founding  

father of Republic of China

∙ “Father of the Nation”

∙ helped overthrow Wing  

dynasty leading up to Xinhai  


∙ helped co-found the  

Nationalist Party of China


∙ war settled into a stalemate ∙ both sides dug drenches

∙ 3 year war of attrition 

largely due to technology

∙ body count for WWI was high

We also discuss several other topics like What are the four parts of aerobic metabolism?


∙ Petrograd Soviet

∙ Goal was to restart the  

factories under the rule of the  workers themselves

∙ Taking control of the means of  production

∙ Running them in a way that  ensures that their needs are  

getting met

∙ Want it to be like direct  


Russian civil war

∙ Red army: Bolsheviks, Russian  peasants

∙ White army: monarchists,  

liberals, non-Bolshevik  

socialists, foreign  



∙ Everybody should be able to  decide whether they are a  

colony or independent country ∙ Colonies come looking for it ∙ President Wilson only meant  that for some colonies

Mass culture

∙ 1920’s

∙ culture that crossed class lines and sometimes racial lines

∙ driven by mass media

∙ radio/movies

∙ all silent movies

∙ ethnic and linguistic  

experience to go to movies

∙ new morality

∙ middle and upper middle class of young people who are  

breaking all of the rules of  

previous generations


∙ theory in economics

∙ recessions and stagnation  arise due to inadequate  

consumer demand relative to  the amount produced

∙ was basis for the development of Keynesian economics and

If you want to learn more check out What is the economic profile of jakarta?

the theory of aggregate  


Roosevelt corollary

∙ addition to Monroe Doctrine ∙ President Theodore Roosevelt  in his State of the Union  


∙ Corollary states that the US  will intervene in conflicts  

between European countries  

and Latin American countries  to enforce claims of European  powers

Romantic nationalism

∙ idea of a single community  with common interests and  

common identity

∙ based on shared symbols or  ideas

∙ public primary education was  a key component

Meiji restoration

∙ 1868-1912

∙ first meiji emperor dressed as  Shinto religious leader

∙ trying to re-establish the idea  of all Japanese people  

belonging to a shared  


∙ emperor gets political  

leadership role back

∙ both Buddhism and Hinduism  came to be seen as foreign  


∙ tries to return Japanese  

culture to purer religion of  


∙ Shinto becomes the religion  renewed emphasis on  

traditional arts


∙ Military leader trying to create a unified Italy

∙ Very similar to unified  


∙ Less than 5% of the Italian  population could vote for  

members of the legislature 

not representative at all

∙ Push policies to industrialize  the southern half of Italy, to  

modernize it

Civilizing mission

∙ Conquer first and then  

establish civilization

∙ Using language of science;  different civilizations are  

fundamentally different kinds  of people, culture differences  not just about biology and  


Suez canal

∙ Highlighted by British  

expansion into Africa

∙ Built by Egyptian government  in cooperation with French

∙ Way to get from Europe to  Asia faster

∙ British muscle the French out ∙ Vital to British to get cotton to  Europe from Africa faster

British raj

∙ Going in and governing things  themselves

∙ More efficient way of  


∙ They have control over cotton  industry


∙ Philosophical movement

∙ Came from far-reaching  

transformations in Western  


∙ Development of modern  

industrial societies and the  

rapid growth of cities, followed by reactions to WWI


∙ Sigmund Freud

∙ Major publication from 1890’s 1920’s

∙ Upsetting old notions of ideas  of sex

∙ Ideas that are being unsettled  have been around for over  

200 years

∙ What used to be a broad  

agreement of what the goals  of society should be, are being changed  blows up idea of  

enlightenment beliefs

∙ Concepts of racial identity and lines become harder while  

everything else gets  


Women’s suffrage

∙ Right of women to vote in  elections

∙ Gained in the 19th century

∙ National and international  organizations formed to  

coordinate efforts to gain  

voting rights  International  

Woman Suffrage Alliance

∙ Also worked for equal civil  rights

Commercialized leisure

∙ Business people see working  class people as consumers

∙ Recreation experiences that  you pay for  early movie  

theaters, beaches,  

amusement parks, dance,  


∙ Places to go meet people

Alexander’s “Great Reforms”

∙ Alexander II 

∙ Emperor of Russia from 1855- 1881

∙ Emancipation of Russia’s serfs  in 1861

∙ “Alexander the liberator”

∙ also responsible for  

reorganizing the judicial  

system, imposing universal  

military service and promoting university education

∙ foreign policy – sold Alaska to  US  afraid it would’ve fallen  into Britain’s hands if there  

were another war

Treaty of Nanjing

∙ Part of the unequal treaties ∙ Favorable to state and the

detriment of china

∙ Lots of internal tensions in  china  population growth and hard time feeding their  


∙ Rapidly expanding population ∙ Corruption and drug use


∙ Movement to revitalizing  

Confucian ideals

∙ Bring in western technology  and arms

∙ Results: only superficial  


∙ Challenges: opposition from  Cixi

Boxer rebellion

∙ 1898-1900

∙ described as boxers because  they perform a ritual that  

looks like shadow boxing

∙ kind of resembles the ghost  dance of the American Indians ∙ target of western industries

Kaiser Wilhelm II

∙ alienated a lot of his allies

∙ aggressively pursued new  colonies

∙ hostile/suspicious of japan ∙ puts him in conflict with other  European countries because  

they are also trying to claim  

the little bits of land that’s left

February revolution

∙ worker uprisings in Petrograd,  during which soldiers refused  orders to put down unrest in  

the streets

∙ convince the tsar to abdicate  try to rally the troops back  

and suppress the uprisings


∙ Vladimir Lenin, leaders of the  1917 Bolshevik Revolution

∙ Revolution in 1917  Lenin  claimed power in the name of  the soviets with three point  


Treaty of Versailles

∙ Ended the state of war  

between Germany and the  

Allied Powers

∙ Signed on June 28, 1919  five years after Ferdinand’s  


∙ Required Germany to accept  the responsibility of Germany  and its allies for causing the  

loss and damage  forced  

Germany to pay for damage of some countries that formed  

Entente powers

Model t

∙ Henry Ford 

∙ Revolutionized manufacturing ∙ Assembly line  took one hour  to assemble the car

∙ 1923

∙ led to productivity growing  through the roof

∙ now not just the elite own cars ∙ boom in other companies as  well

∙ Ford paid workers well so they  could be able to afford what  

they make

Bright young things

∙ Middle and upper middle class young people who are  

breaking all of the rules of  

previous generations

∙ Come out of modernist  


Keynesian economic policy

∙ Focus on stimulating  

consumer demand

∙ Set of economic theories that  argue that a government debt  is not necessarily a bad thing  for a national economy if that  debt is developed by program  to spur consumer spending

∙ Focuses on demand side of  economic supply and demand  forces


∙ Reliance on bureaucracy

∙ Rapid industrialization

∙ Supported state capitalism ∙ “socialism in one country” ∙ collectivization

∙ propaganda


∙ was not a German national ∙ grew up in Pan-German  

nationalism, born in Austria

∙ served with Austro-Hungarian  army in WWI

∙ argues German nationalism  should not be based on lines  on a map or language but on  German nationalism

∙ needs to be a cultural renewal  of German race, stab in the  

back myth

∙ German people were betrayed by those not German

∙ more antagonist towards  

communists that Mussolini

∙ NAZI = National Socialist  society of group owns the  

means of production and that  group should be the German  race rather than the working  class

∙ Doesn’t become dictator until  1933


∙ Leader of fascist party and  dictator of Italy

∙ Starts off as socialist

∙ Need to create new definition  and ideals of beauty which  

valued what future thinkers  

valued to be a natural human  instinct towards aggressions

Japanese empire

∙ Historical nation-state and  power that existed from Meiji  Restoration to the enactment  of the constitution of modern  Japan

∙ 1868-1947

∙ imperial Japan’s rapid  

industrialization and  

militarization led to its  

emergence as a world power  and establishment of colonial  empire

Corporatist politics

∙ sociopolitical organization of a  society by major interest  

groups (corporate groups) on  the basis of their common  



∙ political movement

∙ originated in Europe in late  19th centuries

∙ in opposition to growing  

European colonial empires and the US control of Philippines

Easter rising

∙ Easter Rebellion

∙ Armed insurrection in Ireland  during Easter Week, 1916

∙ Launched by Irish republicans  to end British rule in Ireland  

and establish an independent  Irish republic while the UK was engaged in WWI

∙ Significant uprising in Ireland ∙ First armed action of Irish  

revolutionary period

Chiang Kai-shek

∙ Chinese political and military  leader

∙ Served as leader of Republic  of China

∙ 1928-1975

∙ influential member of  

Kuomintang (Chinese  

Nationalist Party)

∙ close ally of Sun Yat-sen

∙ chairman of National Military  Council

∙ socially conservative

∙ promoted traditional Chinese  culture

∙ rejected both western  

democracy and Sun’s  

nationalist democratic  


∙ in favor of authoritarian  


∙ purged Sun’s good relations  with Communists in a  

massacre at Shanghai

“scramble for Africa”

∙ Invasion, occupation, division,  and colonization and  

annexation of African territory  by European powers during  

the period of New Imperialism ∙ Between 1881-1914

∙ By 1914, 90% of continent  was under European control

∙ Started at Berlin Conference


∙ 1928-1940

∙ term for forcing rural people to work on collective farms under the appointment of a state  


∙ propaganda

∙ anyone who rejected this was  sent to gulags for forced labor ∙ leads to enormous famine in  Ukraine

Triumph of the Will

∙ Documentary

∙ Clouds

∙ Propaganda

∙ Widely distributed to show the support the regime had


∙ Drew partially on language  and critiques developed by  

artistic movement known as  

futurism, or Italian Modernism, especially in its critiques of old institutions and its valuing of  violence

∙ Political ideology that  

advocates authoritarian  

leadership, intense national

loyalty, cultural renewal, and  rejection of both liberal  

democracy and socialism


∙ Form of government

∙ Characterized by strong  

central power and limited  

political freedoms

∙ Enforcement or advocacy of  strict obedience to authority  

at the expense of personal  



∙ Worldwide intellectual  


∙ Aims to encourage and  

strengthen bonds of solidarity  between all people of African  descent

∙ Based on belief that unity is  vital to economic, social and  

political progress

∙ Fate of all African peoples and  countries are intertwined

∙ Belief that African peoples  share a history and a destiny

Mahatma Gandhi

∙ 1869-1948

∙ leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled  


∙ employed nonviolent civil  


∙ led India to independence and  inspired civil rights and  

freedom across the world

∙ led nationwide campaigns for  easing poverty, expanding  

women’s rights, building  

religious and ethnic amity,  

ending untouchability and  

achieving Swaraj (self-rule)

Pan movements

∙ unification of a geographic  area, linguistic group, nation,  race, or religion


∙ 1938

∙ attacked synagogues

∙ open rampage against  

businesses and synagogues


∙ Indians need to follow two sets of principles

∙ Self-reliance: Indians should  renounce British made goods,  refuse to pay taxes, and  

refuse to send children to  

British run schools, option for  Indian-made goods and Indian  run schools instead

∙ Satyagraha: Nonviolent  


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