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FSU - CLP 4143 - CLP 4143 Week 11 Notes - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - CLP 4143 Week 11 Notes - Class Notes

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: CLP 4143 Week 11 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 11
Uploaded: 03/30/2017
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background image Obsessive-compulsive & related disorders
Key Features of OCD
Obsessions and/or compulsions Recognized at some point as excessive or unreasonable 
(does not apply to children)
Distresstime consuming (> 1 hr./day), and/or impairment Obsessions Recurrent & persistent thoughts, images, or impulses that are 
experienced as intrusive, inappropriate, or cause distress.
Not simply excessive worries about real-life problems. Attempts to ignore, suppress or neutralize with other 
thought/action.
Recognized as a product of his or her own mind (not thought 
insertion).
Examples: Obsessions Dirt & contamination Aggressive impulses Sexual thoughts Immoral behavior Doubts OCD Cycle
background image Obsessive thought Anxiety Compulsive Behavior 
Temporary Relief  Repeat Cycle 
Compulsions Repetitive behaviors or mental acts (typically response to
obsession)
Typically follow rigid rules of performance Performed to escape or avoid stress/anxiety  or prevent some  dreaded event Often the link between  obsessions and compulsions is magical thinking (“if I do ___ I can ward off danger.”) Sometimes there is  no discernible link (step on a crack…break momma’s back) Common compulsions: o Checking
o Counting
o Cleaning
o Ordering 
o Washing 
OCD Diagnostic Criteria  Obsessions and/or compulsions Person attempts to ignore, suppress, or neutralize Time-consuming (more than 1 hour per day) and/or
cause significant distress or dysfunction
Not simply excessive worries about real problems
background image Prevalence and Course  1-3% lifetime prevalence Typical onset by 30 years of age o Earlier in men than women No clear gender difference Chronic course High comorbidity with depressive, anxiety, and other 
compulsive disorders
Comorbidity with OCD DEPRESSION: o Almost 80% of OCD patients display depressive  symptoms. Approximately 30% of OCD patients meet 
full criteria for major depression.
OTHER ANXIETY DISORDERS: o 30% - specific phobia; 20% social anxiety disorder, and  15% panic disorder. SLEEP DISTURBANCE: o Roughly 40% of OCD patients report disturbances in  sleep. EATING DISORDERS: o 10% of women with OCD have a history of anorexia  nervosa (Kasvikis et al, 1986), and over 33% of patients 
with bulimia have a history of OCD (Hudson et al, 1987).
TOURETTE’S: o Among OCD patients, 20-30% report a current or past  tic disorder (Pauls, 1989). The prevalence of OCD 
among patients meeting for Tourette’s is quite high (36 
to 52%; Leckman et al, 1990), the converse is not true. 
Namely, only a small percentage of OCD patients (5 to 
7%) meet for Tourette’s.
DSM-5:

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: CLP 4143 Week 11 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 11
Uploaded: 03/30/2017
10 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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