Ch. 8-11 Study Guide
Main Concepts and Vocabulary: Be able to define or clearly understand each of these terms; if two terms are placed together with a ‘&’, understand how they are related to each other.
• Folding & Deformation
• Differential Weathering
• Original Horizontality
• Compressional, Tensional, and Shear Stress
• Strain vs. Stress
• Ductile vs. Brittle Rocks (what factors determine this?) • Strike & Dip
• Anticline, Syncline, and Monocline Folds
• Plunging Folds
• Normal, Reverse, and Transform Faults
• Horst and Graben
• Oceanic Subduction vs. Continental Collision (how do these two form mountains differently?)
• Fold-Thrust Belt & Sutures
• Mountain Types: Andean, highest, terranes, and fault-block • Isostasy
• Earthquakes (where and what are they?)
• Seiches vs. Tsunamis
• Focus/Hypocenter vs. Epicenter
• Surface vs. Body Waves
• P vs. S Waves If you want to learn more check out What are the stages of the water cycle?
• Magnitude & the Richter Scale
• Secondary Effects of Earthquakes
• Precambrian: Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic
• Cambrian (Phanerozoic): Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic • Big Bang Theory: the age of the universe and the Earth • Outgassing & the Atmosphere
• Core Differentiation
• Formation of Oxygen and Water
• Climate Cycle & Weathering
• Extinction Events (main 2)
• Development of Life through the Phanerozoic
• Dinosaurs (what and when?)
• Evolution of Mammals
• Human Evolution
Special Information: things covered in class and/or the study guide that were not text-specific
• Mt. Cheaha is part of an anticline
• The mountains in Alabama resemble the Himalayas
• A virus is NOT considered ‘alive’ We also discuss several other topics like What kind of disorder resulted in impaired interpersonal social and occupational functioning?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is an example of a habitat?
• Hydrogen fusing makes the sun hot (hydrogen was also the first element we had)
• Chemotrophs were the first, most common form of life • Extinction events define geologic time periods
• Evidence for the Big Bang is that everything in the universe is moving away from everything else (this is proved by shifting in the color of light)
• Heavy elements are made from the fusion of lighter elements, which only happens in stars, and therefore are less common than lighter elements
• Meteorites were radiometrically dated to assess the age of the solar system
• The Appalachians are not growing taller
• At least three seismic stations are necessary to find the epicenter of an earthquake (the timing of vibrations is measured to determine location of the quake)We also discuss several other topics like What is the real exchange rate?
We also discuss several other topics like What are tetrahedral sigma bonds?
We also discuss several other topics like Do tariffs increase government revenue?