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AU - hist 1020 - HIST 1020 Week 10 Notes - Class Notes

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AU - hist 1020 - HIST 1020 Week 10 Notes - Class Notes

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background image HIST 1020  Week 10 Notes  China under Mao  Mao decided to purge China (1950-51) from exploitive, land owners, so they were  tried in court due to their harsh treatment of the peasants, and tons were  executed. At least ½ of the rural land was transferred to peasants and it was  privatized. This was to jumpstart production. Peasants were supportive of the  government at this time, but then in the late 50’s, collectivization began and  resistance followed (it wasn’t as bad as in the Soviet Union). The late 1950’s was a  miserable time for China. Mao began his idea of “let a thousand flowers bloom”  (1957) was when he brought in intellectuals to criticize/critique him, the  government, and the policies, but this turned into massive criticism, so Mao  struck back and sent these people to prisons or the countryside for hard labor.  Mao then created a new policy called the Great Leap Forward (1958). This was a  plan to increase industrial and economic development in the countryside by  making small scale production (backyard furnaces) that would help the peasants  and rural areas. This was a catastrophic failure because heavy industry couldn’t be  supported in the isolated rural areas. It also led to a tremendous famine that was  also amplified by a major drought. About 30 million people died from 
background image malnourishment. The West sent limited foreign aid, but they said they could help  them with the growing birthrate in China by providing birth control, but Mao  declined the offer. In the early 60’s, China began to finally recover. A group in the  government emerged called the Pragmatists, and 2 of the main people involved in  this were Deng Xiaoping and Zhou Enlai. They wanted to rev up the economy with  the profit incentive. Mao didn’t buy into this idea and considered them capitalist  backsliders, so he then launched the Cultural Revolution (1965-68). This was to  get rid of the Pragmatists (purged government) and re-indoctrinate Chinese  society since he thought they had lost their post-revolution fervor. One way he  tried indoctrinating the Chinese people was to create the Red Guard which was a  group of university students who went into public places and denounced  Pragmatists and supported Mao. Many lives were destroyed by the revolution  since lots of government jobs were lost. By 1968 it was so out of control that they  put the brakes on it. Mao was also very concerned with women’s education and  role in government. Women at this time had jobs, fought in the war, and were  included in the revolution. He wanted to end arranged/forced marriage and give  women more roles in society. Earlier with Chiang kai-shek, Madame Chiang kai- shek represented the nationalist woman and believed in traditional roles for  women. Mao promoted a legal equality, and life changed dramatically for the 
background image average Chinese woman. Mao died in 1976, but there was still tension between  communists and pragmatists, and eventually the pragmatists gained power. Deng  Xiaoping was the new leader of China, and there was a tremendous increase in  Western involvement with China. Many people believed a democracy would  form. The Development of a Movement (1978) began and it brought democratic  political change. Wei Jingsheng became a face of the democratic movement. In  1989 in Beijing in Tiananmen Square, which was a place where university students  who supported democracy shared ideas, spoke, and hung poster, tanks were sent  to crush the opposition, and many students were killed. China was looking very  western, but the government was still very authoritarian.  The Vietnam War  The Vietnam War was brought on by a nationalist struggle and the Cold War.  Vietnam was a part of the French colony called Indochina along with Cambodia  and Laos. A nationalist movement formed in Vietnam and their leader was Ho Chi  Minh. After WWII, France was determined not to give up Indochina. This led to a  civil war in Vietnam starting in 1947 between the Vietnamese nationalists and the  French regime, and it continued until 1954. In 1954, the French had a major  setback at the Battle of Dienbienphu when the Vietnamese surrounded a French  force and defeated them. France then pulled out of the Civil War. In 1955 there 

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School: Auburn University
Department: OTHER
Course: World History II
Professor: Donna Bohanan
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: HIST 1020 Week 10 Notes
Description: These notes cover China under Mao, the Vietnam War, and Japan and the Pacific Rim.
Uploaded: 04/01/2017
8 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
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