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FSU - CLP 4143 - CLP 4143 Exam 3 Study Guide - Study Guide

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FSU - CLP 4143 - CLP 4143 Exam 3 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image CLP 4143 Exam 3 Questions:         Overview of anxiety and panic disorder 1.Explain the components of the fight-or-flight response and how it is  elicited A. Differentiate between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous 
system processes
B. Which brain areas, neurotransmitters, and hormones are 
associated with fight-or-flight?
2. Describe how we distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” fear 3. Identify and describe a panic attack. Differentiate between “cued”  and “uncued” panic attacks. 4. Describe the relationship between panic attacks and panic disorder  (PD). 5. Define anxiety sensitivity and describe how it increases risk of  developing PD. 6. Define “safety behaviors” and describe how they help maintain PD. 7. Describe biological and psychological theories of PD. 8. Identify biological and psychological treatments for PD.
background image        Phobias 9. Describe the features of agoraphobia and how it relates to panic  attacks/panic disorder 10. Identify gender differences and age of onset in agoraphobia 11. What disorder/behavior is often comorbid with agoraphobia? 12. Describe the key features of Specific Phobias 13. Name the four categories of Specific Phobias 14. Describe onset, prevalence, course, and gender differences 15. Compare and contrast theories regarding the development and  treatment of Specific Phobias        Social Anxiety  16. What are the key features of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)? 17. Compare and contrast shyness with social anxiety disorder. What  factors make shyness cross the line into social anxiety disorder? 18. What is the typical prevalence and course of SAD? 
background image 19. What role do cognitive and behavioral factors play in SAD? What  kinds of cognitive distortions are common for SAD? What role does attention 
What about avoidance? 20. How is SAD treated? Are any drugs effective? What psychological  treatments are effective for SAD? How do they work?         Generalized Anxiety Disorder 21. What are the key features of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)? 22. How can one differentiate between common worries and  Generalized Anxiety Disorder? What do people with GAD worry about?  23. What is the typical prevalence and course of GAD? Gender  differences? 24. What are the biological and cognitive theories of GAD? 25. What are the biological and psychological treatments for GAD?         Obsessive Compulsive Disorder  26. What are the key features of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder  (OCD)? What are obsessions? Give a few examples of OCD-style obsessions. What are compulsions? Give a few examples of compulsions.
background image Is it possible to have OCD with just obsessions? What about just 
What are some types of distress and impairment associated with 
What are some comorbid diseases with OCD?  27. How prevalent is OCD? How long does it last? 28. What brain areas are associated with OCD?  29. What medications are available as treatments for OCD?  30. What cognitive factors are associated with OCD? How does it  develop according to behavioral theories? 31. Describe cognitive-behavioral therapy for OCD. What types of  exposures are involved? How effective is CBT for OCD?        Trauma 32. What are the key features of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  (PTSD)? What kinds of traumatic experiences are most (and least) likely to 
lead to PTSD?
33. In what ways are PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder alike?  Different? 34. What characteristics of individuals, traumatic experiences, and an  individual’s environment make a person more vulnerable to developing PTSD
after the experience of a trauma?
background image 35. How common is Acute Stress Disorder? What about PTSD?  36. Biologically, what differences are there between people who have  PTSD and those who don’t? What types of thoughts and behaviors may 
contribute to the development and maintenance of PTSD?
37. What are the biological and psychological treatments for PTSD?  How do psychological treatments for PTSD work?  Answers:         Overview of anxiety and panic disorder 1. Fight-or-Flight Response Set of physical and psychological responses that help us fight a 
threat or flee from it 
The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by the 
hypothalamus (2 systems are activated):
o Autonomic nervous system (ANS) includes    … Sympathetic NS (fight or flight) Acts directly on smooth muscles and internal 
organs to produce bodily changes: 
Liver releases extra sugar to fuel the 
Heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing 
rate increase
Less essential activities such as digestion 
are curtailed 
Saliva and Mucus dry up to increase the size
of the air passages to the lungs 
Parasympathetic NS (rest and digest)
background image o Adrenal-Cortisol system or Endocrine system (hormones  releasing system) Adrenalin Epinephrine/norepinephrine Cortisol (body’s stress hormone) Increases blood sugar (energy)  Suppresses immune system (diverting attention 
away from organs not required for fight or flight) 
HPA pathway releases ACTH (adrenocorticopic 
ACTH causes release of adrenalin & cortisol (stress) Stressor Amygdala Hypothalamus Sympathetic Nervous system;  Adrenal-Cortical System (HPA axis) Hypothalamus communicates to the sympathetic nervous system as  well as the HPA axis  2. Adaptive vs. Maladaptive Fear 3 Questions: o Are concerns realistic given the circumstances?
o Is the amount of fear in proportion to the threat?
o Does the concern persist in the absence of the threat?
Fear vs. Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Name: CLP 4143 Exam 3 Study Guide
Description: This study guide cover the material for exam 3.
Uploaded: 04/01/2017
32 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
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