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Towson - POSC 103 - Class Notes - Week 8

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Towson - POSC 103 - Class Notes - Week 8

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background image POSC 103 Notes – Voting Behavior and the franchise Voter turnout rates in the last 10 years are low 55-58% of people voting in presidential elections 35-38% of people voting in congressional elections Progression of Franchise: o  Earliest franchise: largely limited to property owners
o Jacksonian revolution: extended franchise to most white men 
regardless of wealth. o 15 th  amendment (1870): extends (presumably) franchise to all men. o 19 th  amendment (1920): extends franchise to women. o 26 th  amendment (1971): extends to all demographics. 15 th  amendment: a southern sham-  o White primaries
o Poll taxes
o Literacy tests
Jellybean test(guess exact number in jar) Biased and unrealistic. o Good character: 2-3 people who registered already backs you up.
o Grandfather clause: if your grandfather could vote, you can too.
Voting rights act of 1965: o In counties with less than 50% in a presidential election year, literacy  tests had to be suspended.  o Anyone encountering difficulties registering to vote could be registered by a federal agent. o Discrimination in voting is a federal crime. 
o Justice department has authority to review changes in election law by 
any state or county w3ith a history of discrimination. POSC 103 Notes – Interests Groups A faction (madison’s term) or interest group is a body of people acting in an 
organized fashion to advance a shared political interest
o FED#10, Madison discusses factions because he is concerned that  individual liberties could be destroyed if interest groups take over. Any 
group that gains undue influence , they could have adverse impacts. 
CURING FACTIONS o Solution 1: remove causes by Giving everyone the same passions, opinions and interests Destroying the liberty upon which faction feeds o Solution 2: control the effects of factions by Dispersing and dividing power Separation of powers via checks and balances Federalism (MADISONS END SOLUTION) The most common interest groups includes special interests in economics 
and property and business. 
Means of Group influence: o Lobbying: political persuasion and pressure Providing information

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School: Towson University
Department: Political Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: Joseph Rudolph
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: madison, federalism, and Government
Name: 1st week back notes
Description: - Interest Groups - Voting Behavior and the franchise - Madison and federalism
Uploaded: 04/03/2017
2 Pages 22 Views 17 Unlocks
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