Chapter 2: Southeast Asia Questions
1. The combined effect of what 3 phenomena results in the islands of Southeast Asia being one of the wettest
regions in the entire world?
a. Monsoons, the ITCZ (Inter Tropical Convergence Zone)
2. What became the most important crop in Southeast Asia due to its ability to thrive in the standing water
and flooding brought by the monsoon rains? a. rice
3. What is described as one of the most fragile and yet most important ecosystems in Southeast Asia due to the protection it provides for coastal landscapes and the space it provides for a variety of fish species? What threats endanger this critical ecosystem (Use
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the most expensive medical procedure?
10.1 and the caption for Figure 10.1.2 to help)? a. Mangroves
4. Plate tectonic activity and the collision zones in the area resulted in mountain building and volcanic activity that have created thousands of islands that Don't forget about the age old question of Which body part stores calcium required for muscle contraction?
comprise which two Southeast Asian countries? a. Indonesia & the Philippines
5. What product is an important biofuel produced by the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand?
a. Palm oil
6. What sort of benefits to the volcanic eruptions of Southeast Asia contribute, in particular, to the
Indonesian island of Java?
a. The rich volcanic soils have contributed to productive
agriculture & dense pops.
7. What river, Southeast Asia’s longest waterway, is valuable for transportation/trade, irrigation,
hydroelectricity, and fishing?
a. The Mekong River
8. What line, running between the Indonesian islands of Bali and Lombok, marks the division between mainland Southeast Asian animals and Australian animals where an ocean trench prevented these two
different communities of species from mixing? a. Wallace’s Line We also discuss several other topics like How do you calculate discounted payback period and payback period?
9. Deforestation is described as Southeast Asia’s most significant region-wide environmental problem. What are the negative impacts of deforestation seen in
a. Negative impacts: loss of species habitat, flooding & soil erosion, smoke & pollution from forest burning, marginalization of local communities from previously occupied homelands, has destroyed/is threatening the
habitat of many species & indigenous human
communities Don't forget about the age old question of What are the main producers in terrestrial ecosystems?
10. What kingdom conquered the Khmer Empire in the 14th century and competed with neighboring kingdoms for control of mainland Southeast Asia for
the next four centuries?
a. An increasingly powerful Thai kingdom
11. Using Figure 10.16 on page 58, indicate which European power dominated each of the following modern Southeast Asian countries (different answers for each one): Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia (you may need to refer to Figure 10.1 on page 44 to determine We also discuss several other topics like How does auditory information get from the ear to the brain?
which country is which).
a. Malaysia Dutch, then British If you want to learn more check out Where was the ardipithecus ramidus found?
b. Vietnam French
c. Indonesia Dutch
12. What modern Southeast Asian country maintained its political independence during the
colonial period in Southeast Asia?
13. What massive temple complex, a center point for the Khmer kingdom between the 9th and 15th centuries
C.E., is currently designated as a UNESCO heritage
site? What present-day country is home to this site? a. Angkor Wat
14. The new seed varieties that were uniformly planted during the Green Revolution were extremely
vulnerable to what types of devastating agents? a. Diseases & pests (mandating the use of toxic
15. High levels of what kind of investment make Southeast Asia vulnerable to changes in the global economy? What can limit investment in Southeast Asia from countries like Japan, Germany, and the
a. Global integration
b. Economic downturns
16. In the Johor-Singapore-Riau Growth Triangle model in Figure 10.22 on page 64, what six characteristics does Singapore contribute to the
a. Capital, skilled labor, advanced technology, access to world markets, advanced physical infrastructures,
advanced commercial infrastructure
17. Define crony capitalism and kleptocracy.
a. Crony capitalism leaders allow friends & family to
control the economy
b. Kleptocracy leaders divert/redirect national resources
for their personal gain
18. What theory held that the communist takeover of South Vietnam would lead to the spread of communism throughout Southeast Asia? What country sent military advisors to South Vietnam in
1955 as a result of this theory?
a. Domino theory
b. United States
19. What minority ethnic group was forced to flee Laos after fighting for the United States during the
CIA-led covert war in that country?
20. In what country did the “Killing Fields” result in the deaths of millions of people, or one-quarter of the country’s population at the time? Who was the leader
responsible for directing this?
a. Kampuchea (Cambodia)
b. Pol Pot
21. What 1991 Nobel Peace Prize winner was kept under house arrest by Burma’s ruling government from 1989-2011? What provision of the constitution disallows her from becoming President of Burma?
a. Aung San Suu Kyi
b. Complex constitution bars ppl w/ foreign-born children
to be president
22. Define pancasila. What country used it in an
attempt to unify the numerous islands and cultures? a. Pancasila unity in diversity through belief in one God,
nationalism, humanitarianism, democracy & social
23. What country was occupied by Indonesia after Portugal gave up colonial control of it in 1976
(independence was finally successful in 2002)? a. Timor-Leste
24. Using Figure 10.29 on page 69, indicate what country’s southern islands are plagued by an Islamic
rebellion seeking a separate state.
a. The Philippines
25. What Southeast Asian country is the world’s
most populous Islamic country?
26. Using Figure 10.35 on page 72, what language family dominates the insular (island) countries of
27. Define matrilocality. In general, do women possess MORE or LESS authority within Southeast
Asian families compared to many other world regions? a. Matrilocality married couples move into the wife’s
28. What three theoretical factors, supported by Southeast Asia data, are associated with fertility
a. Higher income, lower infant mortality rate & higher
status of women
29. What three countries are parts of the Golden Triangle? What two drugs have either historically or
currently been associated with this region? a. Burma, Laos & Thailand
b. Opium/Heroin & Methamphetamine/Meth
30. What program, initiated by Indonesia in 1950, was intended to redistribute populations from densely settled Java in order to reduce civil unrest, increase food production in peripheral areas, and further goals of regional development/national integration and the spread of the official Indonesian
31. The largest numbers of Southeast Asian labor migrants work in what other region of the world (answered in the text, but you can use Figure 10.45
(b) on page 80 to help)?
a. The Middle East
32. Which Southeast Asian cities are two of the world’s 30 largest urban areas? What serious problems of overurbanization have emerged in these
cities and other large ones in Southeast Asia? a. Manila & Jakarta
b. Insufficient employment opportunities, inadequate water supply, sewerage problems & deficient housing