Exam One Review
Intro to Communication Disorders
∙ Difference between speech and language
o Form, content, use = language
o Syntax, semantics, pragmatics, lexicon = language
o Phonemes, syllables, prosody = speech
∙ Person first language
∙ Difference between disorder and difference
∙ Congenital, organic (speech delay and hearing loss), functional (speech delay), acquired, developmental communication disorders
o Can be more than one of these things
∙ Languages can cause differences, not necessarily disorders ∙ World Health Organization Terms
∙ Speech disorder types
∙ Hearing disorders (degree of loss)
∙ Career, discipline, field of study
∙ SLP/Audiology, Speech and hearing scientists don’t practice ethically, so don’t have scope of practice
∙ Scopes of practice
∙ Licensure and certification
o One by state, one by organization
∙ How culture can impact communication
∙ Culture, socialization, acculturation
∙ Key questions
∙ What is sound?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the characteristics of australopithecines?
∙ Amplitude, frequency, period
∙ Simple, complex sounds
∙ Periodic, aperiodic
∙ Outer, middle, inner ear
∙ Auditory nerve- transmit info from cochlea to brain ∙ How cochlea works
∙ Organ of corti, hair cell
∙ How sound propagates
∙ Afferent and efferent
∙ Key questions
∙ Hearing loss – type, degree, configuration
∙ Audiogram – sloping, rising, bilateral, unilateral, sensorineural, conductive, right or left ear
∙ Speech banana
∙ Graphs with pitch, loudness
∙ Which of the following is an acronym pneumatic we used in class? ∙ The study of ___ started much like _____
∙ Someone is learning a new language, here is what they are showing a problem with, what does that mean?
∙ Which of the following descriptions of waveform is true? ∙ Put this process in order…
∙ Legal and ethical expectation for SLP to…
∙ It’s common to be __ on audiogram
∙ Matching!!!! (6 questions) Don't forget about the age old question of What is used to describe how the sounds of speech are produced?
Don't forget about the age old question of How does a predator affect prey populations?
∙ Basilar membrane, organ of corti, what’s the difference between middle and inner ear?
∙ Which of the following is an example of _____ disorder? ∙ Which of the following features is assisted by ___ ALD ∙ Audiogram We also discuss several other topics like The substance making up the minority of a solution is called what?
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