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UD / Environmental / ENEP 426 / What is the combined population of the european union?

What is the combined population of the european union?

What is the combined population of the european union?

Description

School: University of Delaware
Department: Environmental
Course: Climate Change Policy
Professor: Raymond scattone
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: China, climate, change, Policy, and EU
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 2 study guide
Description: Look at influences the EU and China have over climate change policies
Uploaded: 04/11/2017
5 Pages 32 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


Influence


What is the combined population of the european union?



● The US, China, the EU are the top three influential countries in climate change negotiations

○ Of these three the most influential is the EU- considered the word leader on climate change

● Lesser level influential countries are Brazil, India, and small nations

● The EU consists of 28 countries, the populations combined would be 500 m ○ Would be the third biggest country behind china and India

○ And if it was its own country would be the number one economy

○ All the different countries are very different; the biggest contrast is Germany and France

■ France uses Nuclear (over 90% of their electricity comes from Nuclear energy)

■ In Germany, nuclear energy is completely phased out

● The reason the EU got together is for economic reasons to act as one unit ○ Was about economic integration


What is the main economic reason for the formation of the european union?



○ The Euro can be used throughout the EU

○ The function as one unit when it came to things like negotiations trade with other countries

○ When you get together as a group you have more power

○ Any environmental reasons were secondary if even thought of and now are the world leader in climate change negotiations We also discuss several other topics like What is relative age effect known for?

● Why a world leader on CC?

○ Identify

■ Was once world leaders now no longer, how would you feel being kicked to curb? Need an identity If you want to learn more check out The substance making up the minority of a solution is called what?

■ Military power US

■ Production China

○ It was easy - easy for the EU to comply with emission reductions

■ When one thinks of Europe, there is eastern and western Europe


How do environmental problems lead to climate change?



■ Western is the more industrialized parts

■ Eastern Europe is less industrialized and until Wall came down in

Germany; a lot of these countries were under soviet control and their

economies were backwards and poor with lots of polluting factories.

When Soviet pulled out, economies crashed We also discuss several other topics like An immature organism that looks different from adult animals is called what?

■ Western puts out lot of emissions

■ When Soviet pulled out and factories shut down, Eastern puts out a lot less emissions

■ To stay with 1990 emissions, this was before the East dropped their emissions so after Soviet left naturally the Eu had less emissions which made it easy to comply

○ Political Basis

■ Coalition governments- all you need to do is when a small percent of a vote to have an influence

● These small percentages are forced to form coalitions

● Example: very influential group is the German Greens which

combined with the socialist democrats to basically run the country

■ With different coalitions running the country, more responsive to what the coalitions wanted

● 20-20-20 by 2020

○ The EU said they would reduce emissions by 20%

○ Also going to increase renewables by 20%

○ Increase energy efficiency by 20%

○ All by the year 2020, was enacted in 2008 We also discuss several other topics like North pole is tilted where?
We also discuss several other topics like The most transparent membrane in front of the eye is called what?

○ They wanted to be a leader and go beyond what was expected and that it can work and be successful

○ Helm’s problems with this program

■ The plan is based on political considerations not science, or efficiency (no benefit cost analysis), it was just a catchy name

■ Does not address the huge problem of outsourcing of emissions- reducing emissions produced in the EU, the problem is that we consume more

emissions than we produce (most produced in other countries)

● We should be worrying about the consumption of emissions and

not necessarily the production of them

● The countries that produce emissions (at least before Paris

agreement) have no targets to reduce emissions

■ North / south relations

● In order to get them to do something about climate change, they Don't forget about the age old question of According to old thinking, the appendix is considered as what?

are going to need 2 things - aid (money) and technology

● These countries are worried about a lot of different things like

putting money into education or producing resources to sustain

themselves

● EU- Emissions trading Program

○ EU has higher taxes than US

○ Their was a carbon tax proposed but was denied by the people so went to the emissions trading program

■ Grandfathering

● Cheaper electricity

■ Auctioning

● Far better

● Increase in renewable energy problems

○ Heavily into the development of wind power

○ Why this push for wind power? There is other renewables

■ There were a lot of interests for the wind power, wind lobbyists

■ One of the issues you come up with, with wind power is its intermittent

● Not consistent

■ Wind power can not provide Baseload power and they have to account of the gaps with backup power which is inefficient

■ Wind does not have very good storage

● Increasing EE does not necessarily means less emissions

○ Jevons paradox- money they save from energy efficiency is used on things that use energy

● 20 program fails to address

○ Transportation emissions

○ Targets large manufacturing that also create a lot of emissions , transportation is the greatest source of emissions

○ No price for carbon- no incentives for tech and industry

○ No policies to encourage base load technology

○ Money for research and development -> other countries

China

Old proverb - 2 wrongs don’t make a right

China is the best example that exists in the world today of unsustainable development *

Inside China

● Relatively high poverty rates

○ Poverty level in China is : Living on less than $4 a day

○ In 2010 27.4% of the population was living under the poverty line

○ Currently 11.1% of the population is living under the poverty line; however that is still 150 mil people

● Energy shortage issues

○ For example for the electricity sometimes the demand is so high that the supply shuts down- called brownouts

● Very energy intensive industries that use lots of energy in their manufacturing - newly industrialized

● Growing consumer culture

● China is number one in production in cars and they also buy more cars in china than any other country

● High rates of inequality

● growing pollution issues

● China needs energy for its industries but also needs energy to make goods to export ● Produces more emissions than it consumes

○ 33% of all emissions China produces is for exporting goods

● Economic development overshadows climate policy

○ In china, the government has what you cann advanced understanding of climate change

○ The government accepts the science that climate change is happening and that humans have caused it

○ They also recognize China vulnerabilities when it comes to climate change ○ China looks at climate change as not just a science issue but as a development issue in that it can hurt them in achieving better lives for their people

○ China recognizes past development methods practiced in many parts of the world, were unsustainable and that they were things that caused climate change

*Outside China

● The leader in 2007, number one producer of greenhouse emissions

○ More than 30% of today's world gas emissions come from china

● In 2010 China became the number one consumer of energy in the world ● China relies on coal for the majority of its energy

○ 2/3rds of its energy usage comes from coal

○ About 75% of its electricity comes from coal

● China produces and consumes more coal than any other country

● All these reasons are why people outside china say that China needs to do something

CC negotiations - G77 developing

● Collective action- once

● China hides behind this group

○ It should not be singled out

○ China is not willing to do anything different

● China says ‘ we will only do something different if northern countries help us through giving us technology and money

● Even though they are the world’s largest greenhouse producer and largest energy consumer, China oppose any efforts to reduce greenhouse emissions in China ● Their arguments are

○ Lots of poverty

○ Low emissions per capita

○ Bring up the past historical irresponsibility of other emissions

Who is going to develop differently?

5 year plans

● They've already reduced poverty and population growth

● Means for achieving their ends of ecological civilization is through scientific outlook

Contradiction

● Their means is to focus on technology and especially in china they are focusing in efficiency

● No reductions planned for greenhouse gas emissions

● Trying to reduce intensity

○ Ex: in china they want to get a certain energy coming from coal down to 60% ○ Even if you reduce energy per dollar of GNP, even if you have high rates of economic growth the overall emissions might still go up

● Currently in China, there are no set mitigations plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

● We also know in the future, China’s current plan is still focused on the economy and development and has said repeatedly that they’ll only reduce emissions when they have achieved:

○ Peak use energy (which is estimated between 2020 and 2030)

○ Believe that they will be fully industrialized by 2030

○ By 2050, China expects to be the world’s economic leader

China’s car on average more energy efficient to US’s; they have higher standard for mileage

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