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UCLA - HIST 129 - Class Notes - Week 2

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UCLA - HIST 129 - Class Notes - Week 2

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background image Week 2 
Monday 
● In 1410, the last King of the Crown of Aragon died without a male heir. That is to say  that this line of kings going back to the 11th century comes to an end.   ● Parliament of Catalonia and Aragon and Valencia gathered together as one body and there  they tried to elect a new king.   ● There were several candidates, some were Catalonian and one (Ferdinand) was from  Castile.  ○ He was the brother of the king who had died and became the king of Castile 
○ In 1410, he had won a great battle against the Muslims and was married to the 
wealthiest woman in all of Iberia, so he was very powerful  ○ Ferdinand was elected because a very charismatic and important figure, a  preacher, sided with him making Ferdinand king of Aragon and Sicily  ● Political antagonisms are played out in the religious celebrations, nothing is innocent 
● In order to become king, you had to undergo very specific religious ceremonies and be 
anointed before you were actually king because of the thought that kings had divine 
authority 
● In Castile, they were neither crowned or anointed from 1337 onward  ○ Instead their ceremonies are secular in nature as a representative of the conquest  against islam   ○ From now until the end of this class, everyone becomes king by the same fashion  ■ You march to the center, the standards of Castile are raised, then there is a  cry “Royal Castile, Royal Castile, for the Queen Dona Isabela”, then 
everyone takes an oath to you and swear you as ruler 
■ Later on, especially for males, they were dubbed as knights  
■ Incredibly secular qualities to create legibility 
● Dona Isabela took over as ruler in what could be considered a coup bc the current king  (Ferdinand) had no idea it was going on  ○ She says she was the ruler of Castile and her alone, although her half-niece had  rights to the Crown  ○ There was no question whatsoever that now Castile belonged to her and she was  the queen  ○ Ferdinand was now a consult 
○ In 1470, she becomes the queen and Ferdinand was King of the Crown of Aragon 
in 1474 
background image ○ The kingdoms are not united, they are ruled by the same king and queen but they  are not politically or judicially united  ○ The continuous civil war gave Isabella the opportunity to swoop in 
○ Most importantly she was successful because she had the support of the towns 
who wanted a strong ruler who would end the anarchy   ● There was a last days mentality, these were supposed to be the kings who reigned over  the last days of the world and restored Christianity  ● The holy brotherhood existed before in times of great crisis, but was recreated to protect  the kingdom   ○ Each town and village according to the numbers of houses had to contribute  enough money to support an armed force given jurisdiction over a certain number 
of crimes who were able to quickly react to the crime and spread the jurisdiction 
of the law enforcement 
○ Very much instilled fear in most of the people of the kingdoms 
○ Within hours of committing of a crime you would be convicted 
● Isabella sends a tough commander against the nobility  ○ Northern area had extremely abusive lordship so that’s where she attacked first 
○ Burn castles to the ground, many nobles flee 
○ Wherever she goes, and whoever she sends in Castile (but not in the Crown of 
Aragon) is able to push the nobility into a situation in which they can either play 
along with the queen and her consult or they die 
○ This is important bc until the Catholic monarchs, the high Castilian nobility did  everything they could to weaken the crown because they thought of themselves as 
co-rulers of the land 
○ After Isabella, it was clear there was only one ruler and the nobility were the  servants of the crown   ○ In return they assure themselves of a continuation of the privileges of being part  of the nobility  ● The nobility then have ministerial roles that help regulate the functioning of the kingdom  and serve as consultants for the crown  ○ Formation of an expansive bureaucracy of university trained people who were  incredibly loyal to the queen and the idea of the power of the monarchy  ● Isabella cuts the number of cities represented in the Parliament of Castile, so there are  only 36 people in Parliament  ○ The cities not represented become regulated by a royal agent  ● She also begins to increase the formalization of the Catholic religious ceremonies and  reforms it to make the leaders more educated 

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: History
Course: Social History of Spain and Portugal: Age of Silver in Spain and Portugal 1479-1789
Professor: Ruiz Teo
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 2 Notes
Description: Notes on week 2 of the quarter
Uploaded: 04/18/2017
4 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
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