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Towson - POSC 103 - Class Notes - Week 10

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Towson - POSC 103 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: Towson University
Department: Political Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: Joseph Rudolph
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: president and Congress
Name: The incumbency effect
Description: - Gerrymandering - Constituent service - Leadership of congress - Chief executive roles and how they have changed over time
Uploaded: 04/20/2017
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background image The incumbency effect: - Electing the same members of congress on reelection day (recent was 98%)
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Factors on why o Gerrymandering: lines finely drawn to cancel out opposes. o Constituent service: offices within districts, performs services for constituents. Have direct lines  to upper connections. Many can get things done 10X faster. Helps veterans, Medicare, social security and small
businesses. Makes people feel good about their members. 
o Franking Privilege: send free mail to constituents. o Campaign finance o Name recognition: usually sitting member of congress. - We go out to vote and nothing really changes - Long term incumbency good arguments: o People become more experienced in legislature o Members build relations over time o Contributes to institution history - Long term incumbency bad arguments: o The longer a member is in congress, the less concerned they are about their constituents.  - Takes 3/5 vote of the entire senate to invoke cloture (stop filibuster)
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Leadership of congress o Constitutional: most important position is the speaker of the house o Leader: determines committees and legislation o Senate­ president pro­temp : takes care of daily business of senate. Given to senior member of  majority party o President of senate: vice president of US - Committee responsibilities: o Marks up bills o Oversight o Investigations - Party leadership: o Majority leader o Minority leader o Whip: assistant to the leader Counts votes. Pressures members to vote with party ideal - Constant struggle between legislature and executive branch for power. - World wars and growing involvement in foreign affairs o More executive power o See an example in the great depression - By 1970s people are discussing imperial presidency over congress (Nixon) but that comes to a halt  because of Watergate. Congress demonstrates power through the creation of new laws. - Expressed powers: powers clearly stated in constitution (Ex. Commander in chief) - Delegated powers: powers given by congress (ex. Rulemaking) - Inherent powers: powers implied by the constitution (executive orders) - President is Chief of state and head of the government - Chief executive: o Execute all laws (expressed power) o Appoint executive officers (w/advice and consent of senate) (Expressed power) o Appoint federal judges (w/advice and consent of senate) (expressed power)

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School: Towson University
Department: Political Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: Joseph Rudolph
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: president and Congress
Name: The incumbency effect
Description: - Gerrymandering - Constituent service - Leadership of congress - Chief executive roles and how they have changed over time
Uploaded: 04/20/2017
2 Pages 24 Views 19 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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