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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Psych 1103 Study guide - Study Guide

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UCONN - PSYC 1103 - Psych 1103 Study guide - Study Guide

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background image Motivation Theories of motivation Drive reduction (remember order: need à drive à behavior) homeostasis: equilibrium need: physiological deprivation that underlies drive  drive: psychological state of arousal due to need Optimum arousal (Yerkes-Dodson law) Types of disordered eating, symptoms of each Binge eating  Biological and psychological factors  Anorexia Nervosa  Relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation  More common among females  Bulimia Nervosa  Bing and purge Maslow’s hierarchy of needs sequence of needs basic needs must be met before higher needs can be 
satisfied
self-actualization: Self-determination theory- 3 fundamental needs competence able to bring about desired outcomes relatedness warm relations with others, need to belong autonomy independence and self-reliance  Emotion Which aspects of emotion are universal, and which vary by 
culture?
a feeling, or affect, that can involve physiological arousal, 
conscious experience, and behavioral expression
Theories of emotion James-Lange Cannon-Bard Two-factor theory (Schachter-Singer) Facial feedback hypothesis and pencil experiment used to study 
it, recall which theory it supports
Cannon-bard  What are the direct and indirect brain pathways involved in the 
emotion of fear?
Amygdala Pathway Social cognition
background image Recall studies of early social cognition (videos) An individual’s ability to think and reason about their own 
and other people’s thoughts, feelings, motives, and 
behaviors
Person perception & the role of physical attractiveness What faces are considered most attractive? “Beautiful is good” stereotype Attribution theory & fundamental attribution error Sally-Anne  Define heuristics  enabling a person to discover or learn something for 
themselves:
 a “hands-on” or interactive heuristic approach to learning. Define stereotype threat, and describe study used to assess it A self-fulfiling fear about being judged on the basis 
of a neg. stereotype about your group
When and how do we make social comparisons? process by which we evaluate our thoughts, feelings, 
behaviors, and abilities in relation to other people
Cognitive dissonance theory  Discomfort caused by two dissonant thoughts Self in social cognition self perception theory self-serving bias false consensus effect Social behavior What is prosocial behavior? actions that benefit others helping sharing cooperating Can behavior be prosocial but not altruistic? (recall Zuckerberg 
example)
Yes Describe the ideas of selfless and not-so-selfless types of helping
(e.g., empathetic-altruism, etc.)
Is there such a thing as a “selfless good deed”? Truly selfless helping empathetic-altruism hypothesis help purely for sake of helping Other views….not entirely selfless empathetic-joy hypothesis help out of joy received from observing others’ needs being
met

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology 2
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: psych
Name: Psych 1103 Study guide
Description: Information for the final
Uploaded: 04/22/2017
4 Pages 21 Views 16 Unlocks
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