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Who is herbie hancock?

Who is herbie hancock?


School: Texas Tech University
Department: Music History and Literature
Course: History of Jazz
Professor: Ben haugland
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: history of jazz
Cost: 50
Description: A model for much avant-garde jazz music of the 1960s was the album _______
Uploaded: 04/22/2017
10 Pages 386 Views 4 Unlocks

breanna.wooley (Rating: )

A model for much avant-garde jazz music of the 1960s was the album _______. Free jazz by Ornette Coleman  

Who is herbie hancock?

Sun Ra was a _____, composer, arranger and bandleader.


Although primarily an alto saxophonist, Ornette Coleman is also significant as a ____. Composer  

Herbie Hancock played with _____ from 1963 to 1969 and became the most sought-after band  pianist of the 1960s.

Miles Davis

The improvisation of ______ sometimes assumed greater importance than the development of  melodies in Avant-Garde jazz.


Rock and funk music differ from jazz of almost any period because rock and funk typically have  ________ .

Simpler, more repetitive drum patterns

The pianist and composer with the most influence on Miles Davis’ jazz/rock music was ______. Joe Zawinul

In the keyboard style of jazz-rock, development of ______ in a funk music style was replacing  spontaneous comping customary to jazz.

When was jazz education started?

Repeating patterns

Jazz education started in the 1940’s with a few pioneering schools including Berklee College of Music and University of North Texas

The director of the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra and one of the leaders of  neo-classic jazz is Don't forget about the age old question of Why are transitions necessary in a speech?

Wynton Marsalis

M-BASE is a musical collective that started in the 1980’s led by whom?

Steve Coleman

Listening List Exam 4:  

I. Avant-garde  

1. “Lonely Woman,” Ornette Coleman  

2. “Saturn,” Sun Ra and His Arkestra  

3. “Idut,”CecilTaylor  

4. “Ghosts: First Variation,” Albert Ayler  

II. Jazz-rock Fusion  

1. “Miles Runs the Voodoo Down,” Miles Davis  

2. “Chameleon,”HerbieHancock  

Who is ornette coleman?

3. “Spain,” Chick Corea  

4. “Birdland,” Weather Report  

III. Contemporary Trends  

1. “April In Paris,” Wynton Marsalis  

2. ‘Cantaloop,”US3  

3. “Pad Thai,” Steve Coleman and the Five Elements  

4. “Alfie,” One for All  


“Free Jazz”

Ornette Coleman’s “Civilization Day”

-This term is used to refer to the music that was being pioneered by Ornette Coleman, John  Coltrane, and Sun Ra and others in the late 1950’s into the 1960’s and is still played today.  -Sometimes it was referred to as “Free Jazz,” “the Avant-Garde,” or the “New Thing.” However  -it is not one specific style or “thing” If you want to learn more check out What is houston conference 2001 all about?

 -it is not necessarily totally “free”

-This music was and has continued to be controversial

-The track that is playing is Ornette Coleman’s “Civilization Day”.

Ornette Coleman’s “Lonely Woman”

-Ornette was born in Fort Worth, TX and grew up playing blues and bebop -Developed a style of playing, together with Don Cherry (trumpet), which he later called  “Harmolodic”  

 -this style is not based on playing over chord changes

 -it is based solely on melodies the improviser hears

-Coleman and Cherry came to New York in 1959 and played at the 5 Spot with his piano-less  quartet Don't forget about the age old question of What happened in the civil war in 1863?

-This recording of “Lonely Woman” comes from his 1959 record, “the Shape of Jazz to Come”

Sun Ra and his Arkestra- “Saturn”

-born Herman Blout in Birmingham, AL

-he got his start as a composer and arranger with Fletcher Henderson in the 1940’s -studied Egyptian religion and in 1952 changed his name to Le Sony’r Ra and started calling his  group the Arkestra

-recorded and performed a wide variety of music, and incorporated theatrical elements into his  performances in a manner that would later be adopted by rock, funk, and soul groups -“Saturn” features solos by two important Arkestra members, Marshal Allen on Alto Saxophone  and John Gilmore on tenor saxophone Don't forget about the age old question of What happens in classical conditioning?

Cecil Taylor- “Idut”

-controversial pianist and composer in the tradition of Ellington and Monk -his piano style attempts “to imitate on the piano the leaps in space a dancer makes” -his approach added the fourth element of “energy” to the improvisational quotient of rhythm,  melody, and harmony

-the Cecil Taylor Unit explores free improvisation in a group setting

Pharoh Sanders  

“Creator Has a Master Plan”  

-joined John Coltrane’s group in 1965

-tenor saxophone style focused on sound- built on growls, rips, smears  

-worked with vocalist Leon Thomas making several recordings including the influential “Creator  Has a Master Plan”

-excerpt demonstrates how Sanders continued to explore the spiritual legacy of Coltrane -second section features Leon Thomas singing the melody and then demonstrating his  extended technique of yodeling which he brought in to jazz context Don't forget about the age old question of Who sets us foreign policy?

Albert Ayler

“Ghosts: First Variation”

-tenor saxophonist known for his large almost ecstatic sound

-playing in bleus bands and did a long stint in the Army bands

-known for created stream of consciousness improvisations such as this one Category? Mingus, Dolphy, and Kirk

-certain musicians who are associated to a certain extent with the avant-garde movement are  really without category. One of the main reasons is that these musicians’ style encompasses the entire history of jazz

-they provide a model of current jazz artists in that they

-were each composers and instrumentalists We also discuss several other topics like How do you find the center of mass?

-each drew on many different styles and approaches to create their personal sound -viewed themselves as serious artists who were part of the legacy that preceded them  while at the same time they strove to contribute something new to the advancement of  their art  

Charles Mingus  

“Fables of Faubus”

-grew up in Los Angeles and studied classical bass and composition. He played bass with all of  the most influential jazz musicians of the swing and bebop eras and led many groups of his own -as a composer, he is often thought of as second only to Duke Ellington (who was a major  influence) in terms of creative output and volume of work

-recording was intended as a protest song against the governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus who  called in the National Guard in an effort to prevent the integration of Little Rock Highschool. This version which was made for Columbia records does not contain the lyrics which Mingus  recorded the next year (1960) for his own label, Candid.

Eric Dolphy

“We Speak” (w/ Booker Little)

-also born in Los Angeles and grew up playing music in school and in the church. He moved to  New York and began playing with Charles Mingus and leading his own groups -equally adept on alto saxophone, flute, and bass clarinet

-recording comes from recording session led by a frequent collaborator with Dolphy, trumpeter,  Booker Little and features a firely Dolphy on the alto saxophone  

Rahsaan Roland Kirk

“Three for the Festival”

-blind from the age of two and was noted for his ability to play three saxophones at one time  (manzello, stritch and tenor saxophone)

-on this recording he performs on all three at once on the melody and then solos on jazz lfute -Kirk’s performances where mini jazz history lessons encompassing the entire history of jazz and drawing on a wide variety of musical influences and sources  


Miles Davis  

“Miles Runs the Voodoo Down”

-started to incorporate electronic instruments into his groups beginning with the Fender Rhodes keyboard

-in part due to his admiration for the music of Sly Stone, Stevie Wonder and Jimi Hendrix

-this track comes from his album, Bitches Brew which he made in 1969. With this record Miles  helped to usher in the Fusion movement in jazz

-continued to pursue electronic, funk and rock influenced jazz for the rest of his career. His band provided the breeding ground for almost all of the leaders of the fusion movement

Herbie Hancock

“Chameleon” Excerpt

-exposed to fusion through playing with Miles

-he continued to explore both acoustic and electronic possibilities in more and more  adventurous ways

-in an effort to make his music more accessible he formed the band Headhunturs which  recorded this track which became a hit record

Chick Corea- “Spain”

-also performed with Miles Davis, after leaving Miles, he formed the group Reeturn to Forever -this track is based on the famous classical piece of music “concierto de Aranjuez” originally  written for guitar and orchestra  

-it features Corea on the piano and Joe Farrell on the flute and tenor saxophone

Weather Report- “Birdland”  

-formed in 1970 by saxophonist Wayne Shorter and keyboardist Joe Zawinul both of whom had  played with Miles

-Austrian born Zawinul had written the title track for Davis’ In a Silent Way -one of the most successful fusion groups, Weather Report stayed together from 1975-1980 -featured the innovative bass work of Jaco Pastorious and extended forms and compositions -recordings would be very tight and organized where as live performances were looser and  more free flowing  

-Heavy Weather from 1976 is their most famous record and features this track ,”birdland,”  which was written by Zawinul

Mahavishnu Orchestra

“Birds of Fire”

-guitarist John McLaughlin got his start playing in the drummer Tony Willliams’ group, Lifetime -he went on to form his own group which he named the Mahavishnu Orchestra based on his  belief in the teachings of Indian mystic, Sri Chinmoy

-this track features their intense jazz- rock style  


Jazz Education  

-jazz started in the at a few pioneering schools in the 1940’s and continued to grow especially in  the 1960’s

-Berklee College of Music

-University of North Texas

-University of Indiana

-National Association of Jazz Educators was founded in 1968 (now defunct) -large market for professional musicians as clinicians, composers and guest artists It’s All Right With Me- Gordon Goodwin  

Wynton Marsalis  

-in the 1970’s straight ahead jazz had fallen out of the spot light

-Marsalis, from a musical family, came to New York and created a major stir primarily due to his  tremendous technique and his ability to play both jazz and classical music -help to create the “young lion” movement  

-appointed director of Jazz at Lincoln Center in 1995 and won a Pulitzer Prize for his composition “Blood on the Fields” in 1997

April in Paris

1987- Joint Resolution 57

-US Congress recognized jazz as “a rare and valuable national American treasure to which we  should devote our attention, support and resources to make certain it is preserved, understood  and promulgated”  

Acid Jazz/ Trip Hop

-a pseudo-pop approach to mixing Jazz with hip hop

-like hip hop there are both commercial approaches and more underground “artistic”  approaches

-cross pollination continues between funk, soul, r &b, and jazz  

Cantaloop- US3


-macro- basic array of structured extemporization  

-a collective of musicians formed in the 1980’s mostly in and around Brooklyn and led bt alto  saxophonist Steve Coleman

-the singer Cassandra Wilson has had tremendous popular success with an approach the  crosses a broad range of styles and genres  

Pad Thai- Steve Coleman and the Five Elements

New York

-Uptown Scene

-group of musicians who solidified around jam sessions and gigs at the club Augie’s (now smoke) in uptown Manhattan

-dedicated to advancing the ideals and music of straight ahead jazz

-led by musicians like Erin Alexander, Joe Farnsworth, and Steve Davis  

-Downtown Scene

-solidified around the improvised music scene at clubs like the Knitting Factory (now  tonic)

-more experimental and loose

-led by musicians like John Zorn, Bill Frisell, and Dave Douglas  

Freak In- Dave Douglas  

The characteristics of free jazz include

 A improvising music free of preset chord progressions

 B melodic phrasing is more fragmented

 C extensive manipulations of pitch and tone quality

 D a and c only

E all of the above 


Ornette's free jazz approach includes

 A a constant tempo is usually employed

 B music is atonal

 C conventional solo and accompaniment roles

D a and c only 

 E all of the above


The Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians was a Chicago based collective  founded during the 1960s by

A Richard Abrams 

 B Lester Bowie

 C Anthony Braxton

 D Sun Ra


This composer-arranger explored collective improvisation in a big band setting and used electric  keyboard instruments extensively.

 A Anthony Braxton

 B Charles Mingus

C Sun Ra 

 D Cecil Taylor


The most influential jazz pianist to emerge after Bud Powell was

 A Herbie Hancock

B Bill Evans 

 C Chick Corea

 D Keith Jarrett


Herbie Hancock's Head Hunters album imitated the style of

 A Funkadelic

 B The 5th Dimension

 C Deep Purple

D Sly & The Family Stone 


Chick Corea's playing style is characterized by

 A the use of quartal harmony and pentatonic scales

 B improvisations that rarely used preset melodies or chord progressions  C a crisp, percussive touch and spirited style of comping

D a and c only 

 E all of the above


This pianist combined elements of Bill Evans, free jazz, country music, American gospel music,  and twentieth-century classical music into a style that made him the most successful solo  concert pianist in jazz history.

 A Chick Corea

 B Herbie Hancock

 C Bill Evans

D Keith Jarrett 

Keith Jarrett’s highest selling solo piano record that he recorded of all time  -Koln Concert  


Traits of jazz-rock fusion include

 A use of electric piano, synthesizers, electric guitar, and electric bass

 B repeating accompaniment riffs replaced spontaneous comping

 C an increase in the use of drums and a decrease in the use of cymbals for timekeeping  D a and c only

E all of the above 


This guitarist plays with phenomenal speed and precision, and draws from the music of India  and John Coltrane.

 A Larry Coryell

 B Pat Metheny

C John McLaughlin 

 D Wes Montgomery

^leader of mahabishnu orchestra



The neo-classical approach of jazz

 A views older styles as an object of homage and the definition of "real" jazz  B focuses on newer styles of jazz such as fusion and the avant-garde  C includes large jazz ensembles performing arrangements of classical works D a and c only 

 E all of the above


The uptown scene in New York is led by the musicians

A Eric Alexander and Steve Davis 

 B Dave Douglas and John Zorn

 C Vijay Iyer and Jason Moran

 D Paul Motion and Marc Johnson


The saxophonist on this recording is

 A John Coltrane

 B Pharaoh Sanders

C Ornette Coleman 

 D Albert Ayler

Most influential album he recorded on free jazz

^free jazz (that’s what albums called)  

-featured two quartets  

EXAM 4 REVIEW QUESTION 14—PLAY LISTENING EXAMPLE 2: The composer of this piece is

Id it  

A Cecil Taylor 

 B Sun Ra

 C Anthony Braxton

 D Ornette Coleman

EXAM 4 REVIEW QUESTION 15—PLAY LISTENING EXAMPLE 3: This piece is from the album

 A Light as a Feather

B Bitches Brew 

 C Head Hunters

 D Heavy Weather

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