Themes in Literature and culture Final Exam Study Guide Terms Acceptance-These stories have characters that respect the differences and beliefs of others Allegory-The expression of truths or generalizations about human conduct and experience bDon't forget about the age old question of cs251
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y means of symbolic figures and actions. Betrayal-fading bonds of love Dramatic Irony-audience knows more about a character's situation than the character does Falling Action-Events leading to the end of the story. Foreshadowing-hints or clues in the story about what is coming Good and evil- the coexistence of good and evil on earth Guilt-Regretting one's decisions and seeking redemption Metaphor-a comparison of two things that are dissimilar, one described in terms of another Personification-a figure of speech in which an object is given human characteristics Simile-comparison between two different things with either like or as Structural Irony-use of a naive hero Surrealism-A movement in art and literature that tries to express subconscious mental activities through fantastic or incongruous images and the unnatural joining of unrelated ideas.Theme-central or dominant idea behind the story Questions A Christmas Carol ∙ What ironic statement does the spirit make when Scrooge asks for help for the two children, Ignorance and Want? o Are there no prisons? Are there no workhouses? ∙ Describe the second spirit ∙ Why must Marley wander the earth? o He did not care for his fellow humans ∙ What is Scrooge's relationship with Tiny Tim at the end of the book? o He becomes a second father to him.∙ What ironic statement does the spirit make when Scrooge asks for help for the two children, Ignorance and Want? o Are there no prisons? Are there no workhouses? ∙ What do the charwoman, the laundress and the undertaker's man bring to Joe? o a shirt, a blanket, and silverware from the dead man's house ∙ What does the spirit show Scrooge when he asks to see his future? o a grave ∙ What is Jacob Marley forced to drag about as a result of his sinful life? o Heavy chains forged from ledgers and lockboxes Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland ∙ Which animal continually fell asleep at the tea party? o Dormouse ∙ What time is the time stuck at in Wonderland? o 6 o’clock ∙ Who Stole the Tarts? o No one ∙ What was the duchess' favorite word? o Moral ∙ Does Alice change or develop in any way over the course of her adventures? If so, how? The Portrait of Dorian Gray ∙ Compare and contrast the characters of Basil and Lord Henry. o Basil was a painter who led a normal life and was good friends with Dorian. He always tried to be positive with Dorian and lead him down the right path. o Lord Henry became friends with Dorian but was evil. He only told Dorian negative things that would hurt him in the end. He influenced him in the wrong way. ∙ What is the relationship between Basil and Dorian? o Basil and Dorian have a great relationship at first as Basil would paint him. When Lord Henry was introduced, Basil and Dorian didn't stay close friends and Dorian ends up killing Basil. ∙ Who is the subject of Basil Hallward's greatest work of art? o Dorian Gray∙ Why does Basil say he will never exhibit Dorian's painting? o Because he put too much of himself into it. ∙ Who is Sibyl Vane and what is her role in the novel. o Sibyl is a young woman who lives in straitened circumstances with her mother and who happens to have a gift as an actress. She acts in a sordid little theater in front of a lower-class audience. ∙ Why does Dorian move the portrait into a locked upstairs room? o He doesn't want anyone to see it and he doesn't want to look at it because it is him older. ∙ Why does Dorian kill Basil Hallward? o When Basil comes over and looks at the portrait he tells Dorian to repent his sins. Dorian gets angry and stabs Basil; he hates Basil for even painting the portrait. ∙ Why does Dorian decide to destroy the painting at the end of the novel? o Dorian attempts to destroy the portrait, the image of his disgustingly corrupted soul, which haunts him like a conscience. He slashes at it with a knife (appropriately the very same knife with which he murdered his ex-friend, Basil Hallward), hoping to do away with the evidence of his crimes