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OSU / Engineering / GEOG 105 / What is the idea of globalization?

What is the idea of globalization?

What is the idea of globalization?

Description

School: Oregon State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Geography of the Non Western World
Professor: Shireen hyrapiet
Term: Winter 2017
Tags: Globalization
Cost: 25
Name: Geog 105, Week 1 Material
Description: These notes cover Chapter 1
Uploaded: 04/27/2017
6 Pages 186 Views 0 Unlocks
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"}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zdwwaobjc8h1-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-4,lower-latin) ". 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"}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_2mpbb84kwwx7-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_2mpbb84kwwx7-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xjxamzoevq6c-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dykdkei4w2t-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ttbl0o77q8ls-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_w992tdgilykt-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-5 0}ul.lst-kix_evux2byo6akn-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d68ecbwow2pk-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3kh7c5q9i7cb-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_gjblqbatx4cl-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_gx8ustyn6isw-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_gx8ustyn6isw-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_daapwlarokn-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_daapwlarokn-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_gx8ustyn6isw-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_gx8ustyn6isw-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_gx8ustyn6isw-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_daapwlarokn-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_daapwlarokn-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_daapwlarokn-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_j7qm24czynvu-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_knoea51mluyh-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_knoea51mluyh-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_xvqln5oozf6j-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_olnkjtc3m6dz-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-2 0}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k68wekyti7a-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_8bc5sbx5s552-3}.lst-kix_k3xxvwgwea70-8 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Globalization Diversity: Chapter 1If you want to learn more check out What includes purchases of new capital goods as well as new housing?

What is globalization?

  • The growing interconnectedness of people and places through converging processes of economic, political and cultural change

We also discuss several other topics like What are the two different types of research essays?

Consumer culture

  • Movies, videos, NBA T-shirts, McDonald’s, KFC, Internet, cable TV, cellphones

We also discuss several other topics like What is a cycloid?
If you want to learn more check out Why does hydrogen plays an important role in many industrial processes?

Hybridization

  • The blend of US popular culture with local traditions

E.g. Asian food, world music

Negative Effect

  • Erodes local diversity

We also discuss several other topics like What is the cathagliano's theorem?

Impacts of Globalization

  • Geopolitics
  • Environmental
  • Migration
  • Rise in crime

If you want to learn more check out Define bearing.

For and against Globalization

For

  • Increase economic efficiency
  • Wealth will have a trickle down effect
  • Spread of new technology and ideas

Against

  • Rich get richer, poor get poorer
  • Trickle down effect is yet to be seen
  • Local sustainable activities suffer

Middle ground

  • Unavoidable, but must be contained by efficient governments and watchdog groups

What’s geography got to do with it?

  • Human and physical
  • Thematic and regional
  • Scales - global, regional, local

  • A spatial science - the study of earth’s space - the uniqueness and similarities
  • Population growth in Africa, Latin America and South and East Asia

Global Demographics

  • Population growth in Africa, Latin America, and South and East Asia

  • From where? How?

Some populations has started declining; expecting most growth from Africa. Has seen most growth from Asia.

Population Growth Measures

  • RNI - rate of natural increase
  • Crude birth and death rates - divided by total population
  • TRF - Total Fertility rate (ex: avg woman has 7 children if TRF is 7)

  • Magic # 2.1 (balances out) - below 2.1, population is declining

  • Delaying marriage, entering workforce, choosing not to have kids - decline in population
  • Harder to drop birth rate, requires cultural change, easy to drop death rate (nutrition, medicine)

  • China - govt. Imposed one - child policy with fees - 1980
  • India - govt.sponsored policy,  informing families of risk

  • China banned policy - not enough people; most likely won’t replenish

Migration

  • Concepts
  1. Push factors and 2. Pull factors
  • Due to globalization, economic reasons
  • Due to war, famine, discrimination, environmental destruction

              3. Informational Networks

  • Cons
  • Over-urbanization - outpacing infrastructure changes
  • Squatters - makeshift housing, illegal development

  • Urban primacy - one dominant city
  • Brain Drain - from developing countries

A reverse brain drain today?

What is culture?

  • Culture is learned behavior, held in common by a group of people
  • Dynamic not static
  • It is described through, language, housing speech

Cultural Coherence and Diversity

  • Cultural imperialism
  • Promotion of one’s culture at the expense of others
  • Cultural nationalism
  • Defending one’s culture and promoting local values

  • Cultural syncretism or hybridization
  • The blend of two unique cultures

Globalization and sport 

  • NBA has the widest reach
  • Global brands: Nike, Adidas, Reebok, Puma

  • Soccer Formula 1 auto racing, and cricket biggest audience
  • ESPN channel, Eurosport

Geopolitical Framework

Geopolitics

  • The interaction between power, territory, and space at different scales, from the local to the global

Terrorism

  • No more local, now regional

Nation - states

  • A relatively homogeneous cultural group with its own fully independent political territory

  • Boundaries overlap

  Kurds of SW Asia

        Colonization and After

Colonization, Decolonization, Neocolonialism

3 shared characteristics of Asia and Africa

  • World’s oldest civilization: mesopotamia (Iraq)
  • Colonized by Europeans
  • Independent for last 75-100 years

Economic Development

  • 53% of world’s population lives on less than $2/day
  • Defining the world - problematic

  • First world vs. third (2nd - former soviet union)
  • Developed vs developing
  • Global north vs. global south
  • More and less developed countries
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