SOC 101 Final Exam Study Guide
SOC 101 Final Exam Study Guide SOC101
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Akea Kahikina on Tuesday April 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC101 at University of Miami taught by Katelyn Rozenbroek in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 303 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 04/28/15
SOC 101 Katelyn Rozenbroek Spring 2015 Final Exam Famix Family vs Household Family 1 an organized system of social relationships that re ect societal norms and expectations and meet societal needs 2 two or more individuals who live together and have a normatively or legally recognized relationship based off of marriage birth or adoption Household people you live with Nuclear Family 2 parents opposite sex married living together with children 19 of families fall in this category factors singe divorced not married cohabilitation civil union guardianship extended family living alone adopted blended ctive kin people who are considered family but are not biologically related Family is a social institution always changing Marriage ga my marital relationship Normative relationship typically between two individuals Monogamy between 2 individuals Polygamy individual has more than 1 spouse 0 polygymy man with 2 or more wives polyandry woman with 2 or more husbands Polyamorous relationship where 3 or more individuals have equal standings with one another Endogamy relationship between 2 very similar individuals race culture religion Exogamy relationship between 2 different individuals race culture religion Divorce statistics of marriage licenses in a year 50 of divorces in a year Realistic divorce data total of marriages 35 of divorces in a year Average marriage age Men 287 years Women 265 years factors to support age difference kids breadwinner immaturity 48 of rst births are out of wedlock By age 25 44 given birth 38 are married Great Crossover having kids then getting married Cultural changes shift ideas of marriage and family Less educated gt more likely to divorce Less educated gt more likely to cohabitate Reason for cohabilitation nance Reason for divorce nance Marriage trends Motherhood trends Great Crossover Parenting As of 2013 60 of married couples had dualincome households 8 of people think kids will be better off with dad at home 1 reason for stay at home dads ill or disabled Ch 15 Health Health wellbeing Physical ability for ADL Activities of daily life Mental cognition and comprehension Social function in a social environment Medicine social institution that deals with diagnosis treatment and prevention of disease Mortality death rate 11000 Morbidity disease rate 11000 Sick role the rights and responsibilities of those who are ill Rights exempt from social roles not responsible for illness Obligations try to get better seek medical attention acute v chronic temporary v no recovery Health Disparities difference in health outcomes in different groups Health Gradient Lower SES gt lower health outcomes Average life expectancy 787 years White women 813 years White men 766 years Black women 766 years Black men 721 years Highest of STD s in elderly people Asians have highest life expectancy Black adult obesity rates are higher than whites in almost every state AfricanAmerican diabetes 15 Whites 8 Asthma most concentrated in AfricanAmerican Infant mortality for Blacks 13 whites 6 Hispanic women contract cervical cancer 2x more than white women Hispanics live longer than all other Americans lowest infant mortality Obesity is not an Asian problem 110 people in Korea or Vietnam are underweight Older AsianAmerican women over age 65 have highest suicide rates 3 biggest stressors of life death divorce moving Social Discriminants of Health Economic Stability Poverty Employment Food Housing Education gt literacy linked with better health outcomes Social Context social cohesion incarceration social institution Health Care access to it 2008 13 million young adults 2029 did not have access to healthcare 2009 51 of unemployed individuals did not have healthcare coverage Environment Fundamental Cause Theory Link amp Phelan 1995 Correlation between SES and health outcome SES is a direct cause of health money knowledge power prestige social connections gt social capital CDC classi es obesity as a disease epidemic Body Mass Index obesity 30 or higher 2530 BMI overweight 18525 BMI appropriate 2 of 3 adults are considered overweight or obese 1 of 3 adults considered obese Morbid obesity BMI 40 or higher 1 of 20 adults are considered extremely obese Kids 619 13 considered overweight or obese 80 of Hispanics considered overweight or obese Men have higher obesity rates than women In the next 10 years 50 of the population will be considered overweight Ch 6 Deviance amp Social Control Deviance breaking of a norm changes between type and context Characteristics of Deviance 1 Criminal and NonCriminal 2 Not restricted to group 3 Not consciously chosen illnesses handicap 4 Label applied to people by people Merton s Strain Theory gt anomie goals gt deviance means Anomie state of confusion when people lose sight of valuesrules held by society accept reject Goals Means Conformity Innovation follows de nition Ritualism Retreatism I Rebellion Opportunity Theory not everyone has the same access to deviance solutions Control Theory believes to control people to prevent them from committing crime social impulsive self deviance is exacerbated from a lack of social bonds Everyday v Criminal Deviance Academic Dishonesty consists of any deliberate attempt to falsify fabricate or otherwise tamper with data information records or any other material that is relevant to the student s participation in any course laboratory or other academic exercise or function Cheating an intent to deceive Plagiarism the practice of taking someone else s work or ideas and passing them off as one s own It is possible to plagiarize yourself ie using a paper twice for different courses Collusion secret or illegal cooperation or conspiracy especially in order to cheat or deceive others Noncheaters have higher GPA s Medicalization of Deviance refers to the tendency to de ne deviance as a manifestation of an underlying sickness to nd the causes of deviance within the individual rather than in the social structure and to treat deviance through the intervention of medical personnel Types of deviance which can be viewed through the lens of med icalization include 0 Mental illness 0 Alcoholism Opiate addiction Delinquency Hyperactivity Child abuse Homosexuality and o The biological study of crime JudgmentAction Gap when what you think and what you do are different things Neutralizing Techniques Denial of Responsibility put blame outside of your control and on someone else Denial of Injury cheat if you re not harming anyone else Denial of Victim form of retaliation Condemning the Condemner you did it so I can too Appeal to Higher Loyalties based off of loyalties to social group Criminal Deviance 3 ways to retrieve crime data UCR uniformed crime report witnesses Index 1 Crimes m Robbery steal from person Murder Assault x Rape Property burglary steal from property arson re larcenytheft steal from store large portion of goods motorvehice theft crime peaked in 1980 s National Crime Victimization Survey victimsgt Dark Figure of Crime unreported crimes Recall bias recalling something in the last year inaccurately SelfReports criminals Triangulation compile and look at all 3 data
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