New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

3rd exam study guide

by: Adrianne Cameron

3rd exam study guide ATM 102- introduction to weather and climate

Adrianne Cameron
GPA 3.01
Intro to weather and climate
Dr. Hynes

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Last exam- chapters 6, 10, 11, 14
Intro to weather and climate
Dr. Hynes
Study Guide
atmospheric pressure, clouds, cloud, tornado, hurricane, anticyclone, pressure gradient force, equator, milankovich, little ice age, ice age, roll cloud, thunderstorm, hail, rain, precipitation
50 ?




Popular in Intro to weather and climate

Popular in Environmental Science

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Adrianne Cameron on Tuesday April 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ATM 102- introduction to weather and climate at University of Miami taught by Dr. Hynes in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Intro to weather and climate in Environmental Science at University of Miami.

Similar to ATM 102- introduction to weather and climate at UM

Popular in Environmental Science


Reviews for 3rd exam study guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/28/15
Chapter 6 Pressure Gradient Force the amount of pressure change that occurs over a given horizontal distance 0 Initial force that causes the Wind to blow o Directed from high l to low Gradient Wind blows at constant speed parallel to curved lines above level of friction Converge surface winds low pressure Diverge above the system Coriolis Force force created by the rotation of the Earth 0 Causes the wind to de ect to the right of its path in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere Coriolis force is strongest when wind speed is Mb and latitude is high 0 Zero at the equator Isobars lines of equal pressure 0 On a map closelv Spaced isobars means high winds because strong pressure gradient force Contour Lines illustrate highlow pressure like isobars Geostrophic Wind blows in a straight line at a constant speed parallel to isobars Winds aloft in midlatitude of both hemispheres blow west to east beca use air aloft above high latitudes is colder than the air aloft above low latitudes Cold air aloft low pressure 0 Warm air aloft high pressure o If the earth stopped rotating surface winds would blow directly from high to lower pressure Wind Rose percent of time that wind blows from different directions Wind Pro ler uses Doppler radar to obtain vertical pro le of wind speed amp wind direction Curved wind path is due to imbalance of the coriolis force and pressure gradient force Doppler radar measures speed at which precipitation is moving horizontally from you Aerovane indicates wind speed and wind direction Zonal wind ow west to east Aneroid barometer without liquid Barograph recording anemometer Anemometer wind measure instrument with 3 or more cups Psychrometer wet bulb Ceilometer cloud base measure Air pressure force exerted by air molecules Milibar most common unit of pressure Ridge elongated high pressure area Trough elongated low pressure area Altimeter measures pressure but indicates latitude MidLatitude Cyclone low pressure area Offshore surface wind from land to water Chapter 10 Thunderstorms and tornados Top part of thunderstorms are positivey charged Environmental lapse rate gt Adiabatic rate in order for air to be unstable Air mass ordinary thunderstorms generally form in warm humid weather and are short lived 1 Starts with convective uplift cumulus stage with an inversion cups the uplift 2 Massive updraft then precipitation falls down and kills the storm Don t last long 0 Form in the afternoon summer warm maritime o Downdraft in an air mass storm is created by evaporating raindrops that make the air cold and heavy Happens right before precipitation ENTRAINMENT cool dry air going up middle of cloud is strength of downupdrafts Severe thunderstorms form in unstable air where wind speed increases rapidly with height often in a Jetstream This strong wind causes a tilted updraft in the severe thunderstorm s mature stage 0 Wall cloud area of rotating clouds that extends beneath a severe thunderstorm amp from which a funnel may appear see illustration 0 Flash oods occur when severe thunderstorms stall or move too slowly Hail may come from the anvil Supercell and Squall line thunderstorms are capable of producing hail oods and tornados Supercell maintains itself for many hours Squall line line of thunderstorms that form out ahead of an advancing cold front Hailstorms are most common in Midwest Multicell thunderstorms develop in 1 line next to one another each in different stages of development Microbursts drywet a small downburst strong downdrafts rapid changes in wind speed and winddirectionshear Dry dust at surface 0 Wet rain shaft 0 Less then 4km wide 0 Main cause of airplane crashes Mesoscale Convective Complex individual thunderstorms that have grown into a large long lasting weather system Lightning visible electrical discharge in mature thunderstorms Can heat up air to 30000 degrees Celsius o More power in the lighting when it goes back up after striking and brighter Stepped leader travels down and return stroke travels up 0 1 mile away lighting seen and thunder heard 5 secs After 0 Heat Lightning associated with storms too far away for the thunder to be heard 0 Sheet Lightning cant be seen 0 Lightning can occur from one cloud to the other Thunder sound is from rapidly expanding heated air along the channel of the lightning strike During a storm if you were in open eld its best to crouch down as low as possible Gust front storms cold downdraft Roll cloud forms along the leading edge of a gust front Mesocyclone the rising and spinning column of air inside of a severe thunderstorm For a thunderstorm to spawn a tornado the updraft in the cloud must rotate Tornado rotating air around an area of intense low pressure that extends from a cumulonimbus cloud move 5W7 NE and form in afternoon Funnel cloud tornado that doesn39t touch the ground o Descends into surface as air rushes into its low pressure core expands cools and condenses at lower levels than thunderstorms o Composed of cloud droplets Waterspouts aren t as strong as tornados extend from cumulus cloud 0 St Elmos Fire corona discharge and blue halo above pointed objects most likely to be seen on top of a tree on top of hill 0 Suction Vortexes rapidly rotating small whirls that occur with tornados Fujita scales classify tornados by wind speed and potential damage Tornado warning when a tornado is spotted Tornado watch when a tornado is likely to form 0 Never open windows when tornado approaches 0 When spawned from the same storm its called a family 0 Hook shaped echo means tornado Dry Line where warmmoist air meets warmdry air Mesohigh small area of high pressure created by cold heavy air from storm s downdraft lOvershooting Top anvil o mesocyclone l


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.