HIST 2340W Final Study Guide
HIST 2340W Final Study Guide HIST 2340W
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Thursday April 30, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 376 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/30/15
HIST 2340W Study Guide Summaries for Documents from section 14 on George Kennan s Long Telegram This entire telegram is basically summarizing how seriously the United States should take the USSR as a threat It spends some time comparing it to Hitler s Germany in order to really get across that the USSR is a viable threat and a force that we should take seriously Churchill s Iron Curtain Speech Talks about the inherent evil of the USSR Talks about how there are innocent people behind the iron curtain and that the Communists must be stopped on all fronts Truman Doctrine Wants to support free peoplesquot who are fighting against those who oppress them namely the Communists Wants to provide assistance to these peoples Different from the lingo of modernization less walking hand in handquot more just providing aid NSC 68 Conclusions and Recommendations This is the initial disarmament of Japan where they have to give up their weapons and are no longer able to use war as an op on Senator William Knowles ArgumentAgainst Recognition Argues that we shouldn t recognize the CCP after the Chinese Civil War because communism is inherently dangerous and this would go against what America stood for during the Cold War Metaphors about tigers and references to the Chinese john Leighton Stuart Report on Mao s Overture Argues that we should be having talks with the CCP because there must be some liberals with whom we can discuss democracy Believed that discussion was the only way to preserve some in uence over China in the long run George C Marshall on China Here George Marshall blames the lack of negotiations between the CCP and the GMD on weak leadership and argues that they should be empowering the minority leaders they are more liberal and would be more open to democracy Chen jian The Myth ofAmerica s Lost Chance in China He is talking about how China is establishing a relationship with the USSR and doesn t want relations with the West He argues that this is because the US essentially ignored the Chinese perspective Dean Acheson Defense Perimeter Speech Here Acheson is talking about where the defense perimeter for the US lies in Asiatic Region This draws on what areas are important for trade and causes skepticism as to whether or not the US will defend the Phillippines CIA Analysis of the North Korea Invasion These are essentially summaries of what is happening with North and South Korea what the US and the USSR are going to do and how this will impact the chances of global war Look for cues on the Korean War john Foster Dulles on Massive Retaliation He talks a lot about defense and America s ability to defend herself from the USSR in this piece His main focus is that we must have massive retaliatory power in order to be able to a deter the Communists and b be able to defend ourselves adequately NSC 158 This is a plan by the US to introduce antiCommunist sentiment in the Soviet Bloc of Eastern Europe by encouraging free elections Eisenhower s Military Industrial Complex Speech Warns against the military becoming the sole focus of American Industry Wants to encourage liberty and prosperity without giving the military too much power President Sukarno Speech at the Opening of Bandung He is talking about how colonialism has changed from occupation into economic and intellectual control He talks about how this is still unmistakably common and dangerous to Indonesia and other Southeast Asian and African countries Rostow and Millikan A Proposal Rostow and Millikan are the ones that came up with modernization They write about the theory in this paper and how it would ultimately be good for the US to operate altruistically and for the good of other countries which in turn would be good for us jFK s Inaugural Address Talks again about modernization but more broadly and not in specific context of Latin America jFK on the Establishment of the Peace Corps This is IFk s speech where he establishes that the US will be sending American s overseas around 500 to create a Peace Corps The Cuban Problem This is only an outline of the current situation and different ways it is affecting Americans and Cubans I truly don t think this will be on the exam jFK s Speech on the Alliance for Progress Here IFK is talking about modernization in Latin America Wants to focus on the American Continent Look for cues about modernization and geographic location Most important to look for cues that will point you to Latin America as to not confuse with his Inaugural Address Interview with Fidel Castro This was written recently and is Castro looking back on the Cold War In his interview he essentially states that the Cold War was brought into Cuba after the Cuban Revolution by the United States In this way he blames the US for all of the tensions between them Aid Document on Nicaragua Eisenhower Eisenhower s Domino Theory Here he is talking about how if one Southeast Asian country falls then the rest of them will follow suit Emphasizes how there are many millions of people who would be affected Historical context is the end of the Vietnam War Ho Chi Minh Speech This is essentially the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence from France Talks about opposition to French involvement johnson The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Here he is talking about Southeast Asia and the future of the region The purpose of this speech is to reiterate that the US purpose in the region is peace The Vietnam War is not a jungle war but a struggle for freedom Kissinger on the National Interest If its talking about American Folklore its probably Kissinger Also mention of altruism and disliking broad foreign policy In this address he insists that we need to focus our foreign efforts and not be so altruistic NSC Options Paper on Chile This is talking about the Allende Marxist government that is going to be established in Chile what the US think will happen in the country how this will effect US policy and how they are going to counter Allende s support 0n the Global Centers of Power Nixon Here he is talking about d tente in that the US should be focusing more on negotiating rather than confronting Zbigniew Brzezinski Re ections on Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan Brzenzinski is arguing that it is important that the Afghani resistance against the Communists continue He wants to give more money and arms to the rebels to ensure that their regime does not become overtaken by the Soviets He wants to make sure Pakistan continues to aid the rebels so we in turn must aid Pakistan This is really the only document about Afghanistan and Pakistan so it should be a gimme Carter Letter to Brezhnev This is in the midst of Carter s attempts to make the world a more humanitarianfriendly place He essentially is calling Brezhnev out for breaking tons of humanitarian codes and for being a terrible person when it came to respecting human rights All the while he made sure to use language that aimed to be reconcilable in an attempt to still be able to work towards peace with Brezhnev Reagan Star Wars Speech Very farfetched and talking about American retaliatory forces Wants to be able to intercept and destroy Communist missiles before they even reached the earth This would require being shot down using satellites which everyone compared to Star Wars Reagan on Nicaragua This speech is all about aiding the Contras in their fight against the Sandanistas and the reasons why this will be good for American Foreign Policy Essentially he talks about how a soviet regime in Nicaragua threatens all of the surrounding countries all of who are essentially already aiding the Contras He talks about how it is a threat to America far greater than that of Vietnam because of how close it is You can really tell it is Reagan based on how dramatic the whole speech is Reagan Evil Empire Uses a lot of religious language to contrast the purity and goodness of America and the evil of the USSR Asks Americans to pray for those under Communist rule and continues to insist that the USSR is nothing but evil Bush Sr on Tiananmen Using Tiananmen as an example to show that the people of the world even those in China are committed to Democratic Change no matter the cost Bush on South Africa This is an address before the G7 Committee regarding the US stance towards South Africa He makes it very clear that the Apartheid needs to end and there needed to be more movement towards racial equality in South Africa He also talked about how he repealed the sanctions placed on the country because he felt that they had met all of their conditions This is the only document talking about South Africa Clinton WTO Speech He is defending his idea of the WTO initiative He firmly believed that a more interconnected global economy would allow for the world to move in a more prosperous direction together and that the US and those involved in creating the WTO should be prepared to answer questions and defend the organization Clinton Address on Somalia In his Address on Somalia Clinton talks about why the American troops were initially there what they are doing now why he hasn t yet pulled out and how he will eventually He makes a clear argument that the troops were initially there for nonviolent humanitarian aid but now must defend bases from Somalian Gangs in order for this aid to continue According to this document Clinton wants to pull out of Somalia but won t until things improve out of fear that if the US withdraws then the other support given Pakistani UN etc would withdraw too Clinton Speech on the Dayton Accords He is speaking about why America must implement the Bosnian Peace Agreement He is trying to ensure that the leadership will follow through with the agreement so that the government doesn t look weak which would hinder their abilities to secure American interests abroad He speaks about how other nations who share US goals are willing to follow our lead but when we don t speak up we run the risk of a failing to help other countries in need b not being able to pursue our goals and needs in those countries either Bush at West Point Bush is speaking to the graduating class of West Point about what it means to graduate the Academy He also talks a great deal about what it means to be in the military while fighting the War On Terror He talks a lot about uncertainty and a need for intelligence and how American Troops will be a symbol of freedom and democracy BushGore Debate This is all said by Bush He is talking about when it is of national interest to use US force Bush answers with when our territory people defense alliances or our friends in the Middle East are threatened He also states that the mission must be clear and whether we were trained and prepared to win He also makes a point that there must be an exit strategy BushKerry Debate Also only Bush is answering On whether Kerry being elected president would increase the chances of another terrorist attack He answers by saying that no that wouldn t happen but that he believes that he will win because the American people know that he can lead He talks about how we must defeat the ideology of hate and achieve peace He emphasizes that we could never waver and that his strategy is in fact working in Afghanistan based on voter turn out
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