UGC 112 Exam 4 Study Guide
UGC 112 Exam 4 Study Guide UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
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UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
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Date Created: 05/01/15
41415 Society Science Culture in Late 19th C Europe Medeival cities 0 Near rivers for water source and sewage o No city planning 0 No lighting 0 No public services 0 City inside of a stone wall C 1800 Cotton mill muilt near river 0 Workers move from countryside 0 City population increases but city size stays the same Cholera 1846 epidemic in London caused by Bacillus 0 Symptoms fever amp diarrhea o Spreads from person to person and carried by water 0 Medical community thought that it was being spread by miasma by air Parliament shut down in the summer because of the smell of sewage in the Thames 1840 s 60 s Parliament began regulation drinking water and installing proper drainage 1870 Louis Pasteur o microscope creates new way of looking at disease 0 Germ Theory 0 Studies of fermentation and anthrax Ioseph Lister 0 British surgeon o Pioneers antiseptic surgery clean surgery George Haussmann 0 Designed bread boulevards o Destroyed medieval Paris 0 City is more accessible garbage collectors firemen troops etc 0 Public parks were created 1830 s Western Europe amp US begin to build railroads from city to city to transport goods and commuters o Omnibuses for commuting and shopping pulled by horses and cheap low price 1890 s Electric trolleys streetcars appear 0 cheaper and easier to work that horsecars 18th C Class Structure in order of wealth and power from greatest to least 0 Land holders 0 Small Merchantclass o Makers of things 0 Everybody else Upper Class landholder shrinks Industrialists Middle Class technical support for industry bureaucrats business owners Lower Class skilled laborers support workers those who fetch and carry Middle class grows in number and financial power In west upper 20 has more than 50 of the wealth Gap between rich and poor is large 190039s 0 elevators electric lights Middle class moves away from city commuting Lower class continues to live in the city Cities are healthier and safer Science and technology electricity experiments Dynamo led to steady production of electrical power Chemistry experiments gasoline artificial dyes Typical Medieval City usually near water which served as drinking water sewage and washing narrow haphazard streets buildings overhanging the streets no night lighting no public services like fire police sewers garbage collection work at small craftsmen s job or small manufactories of 210 men Recitation 42 01 5 Then in the 19 Century durng 305575 35 t 3ft LSCCV ms 5 bunt on quote 39 239 WOFKEY S 3 39 quot39 f quot5 5 poouia guns 5 5 quot t as LS9 may as 2 39 s 35 Recitation 42 01 5 Recitation 42 01 5 Disease a new plague called cholera caused by bacillus bacterium 1846 epidemic in London symptoms of fever and diarrhea carried by water so easily spreads at the time the medical community thought disease spread by a miasma something bad in the air London Thames so polluted with sewage parliament had to close during the summer London had miles of closed in densely packed houses all with overflowing privies only sewers dated back to the Roman city in 1840605 parliamentary investigations begin changes regulating drinking water installing proper drainage and sewage systems Recitation 42 01 5 Father Thames mun 5mm lib tum lu HHqu Tll Nb mnwmmmwmumww Recitation 42 01 5 Recitation 42 01 5 Science in 1870 Louis Pasteur and his early microscope led to new way of looking at disease Germ Theory he also studied fermentation and anthrax Joseph Lister a British surgeon was a pioneer of antiseptic surgery led to reduced disease Paris an example of urban renewal Georges Haussman w the backing of Napoleon Ill thought rebuilding would create jobs make the city better and glorify his empire he designed broad boulevards and other improvements but was very authoritarian he essentially destroyed medieval Paris but now city was more accessible to fireman and garbage man but also to troops Recitation 42 01 5 Recitation 42 01 5 Other Improvements People worry about the appearance of their cities public parks in 1830 western Europe and eastern US begin to build railroads from city to city they were used to transport goods and commuters omnibuses also appear for commuting and shopping they were low priced and pulled by horses then in 1890 s electric trolleysstreetcars appear trains also used underground for commuting bedroom communities appear Society 39 before landowners gt merchants gt craftsmen gt everyone else then Industrial Revolution created even more social groups the upper class of landowners shrinks in power and wealth and are joined by industrialists as the upper class 0 middle class now also includes technical support for industry a bureaucratic class and business owners Recitation 42 01 5 Recitation 42015 Recitation 42 01 5 More Science 0 in 18th century science was considered a segment of philosophy but in the 19th century it was the source of technology electrical experiments like the dynamo led to steady electrical power chemistry experiments led to gasoline engines artificial dyes etc a 9 a o E o 3 3 UGC Lecture 42115 Trade Must be constant and cyclical Industrialists produce goods as cheaply as possible Efficient factories Cheapest raw materials They sell products for as much as they can in order to Buy raw materials Run factories Create more factories sze comfortably in their Class UGC Lecture 42115 I Ei39 I I 3quot Usquot 1quot 539 SW8 I Iquot UGC Lecture 42115 7 ij An 4 3 H151 3E4 I1 J i i J vI 5 inJFEWVim ig Ewawi w wum M e n e m n W 0 m N UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 Military Improvements m UGC Lecture 42115 Railways Connected the coast to the interior Used to take goods I from the interior rather than promote intra colom39al trade UGC Lecture 42115 prOVementS to Colonization Indus 1m Suwmhips made with steel carry raw maten39als from and products to the colonies more quickly and e cien y UGC Lecture 42115 Like Workers in factory Colonies cog in moneymaking machine Locals had no say in Being colonized or not What they would give sell or buy Europe Indu Europe and us industrialize and use Britain forced to rely on m j i old colonies A i39 18305 on France colonizes 39 Africa SE Asia gt Pacific islands 3 l l 75 18803 Italy and Germany 39 Ifquot 9 1 colonize 2 242 39zK 3 European nationstates defined in part by overseas possessions I aquot u qr v I a lt1 aquot UGC Lecture 42115 strializes and Colonizes r Vix MW v k 2 UGC Lecture 42115 threatened Japan into 3931 atrade treaty Gunboat Diplomacy UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 British Wanted to expand trade Chinese wanted to Fee1 opium out 17 1353p meagn Ela 39l imr out lave modern q gun 1 with UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 Indian Cotton Cloth In18 Centurymajor exportforlndia Comguhndmu39y UGC Lecture 42115 By 1820 Britain exporting 50 of cotton cloth 239 to Europe 6 to India Most of the rest to US Europe and us enter I Q 39 the market and use 54 N mtg taxes on imports andor exports 39 quot By 1850 cotton booming in Britain 16 Europe 25 to Endia UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 5th and 16th Centuries Traded AND Set 11P or conquered trading colonies Colonies Controlled Markets Take raw materials Sell finished goods More colonies in more desirable places richer merchants After Industrialization richer Industrialists Portugal in 1 UGC Lecture 42115 Begins locallY am md factories Quickly saturated o Competition Threatens supplies Underprices Expand trade to increase pro ts 17501850 most trade was transEuropean Needed to expand further UGC Lecture 42115 UGC Lecture 42115 Trade Must be constant and cyclical Industrialists produce goods as cheaply as possible Efficient factories Cheapest raw materials They sell products for as much as they can in order to Buy raw materials Run factories Create more factories Live comfortably in their class 42315 Slave Trade 0 African Lords selling own people 0 Depopulation o Warfare 0 Single tradegood system British AntiSlave Squadron 0 To prevent slave trade through Middle Passage 0 Not completely effective 0 Rise in new goods Palm Oil Religions 0 Spread of Islam through Africa 0 Mainly concentrated along coast but move inland somewhat Sayyid Said amp Zanzibar o Iman of Oman moved base of power to Zanzibar to control trade along coasts and to the Ottomans o Emergence of Indian Clove Plantations with slaves Scramble for Africa 0 Many trading colonies 0 Portuguese 0 Dutch take South Africa but lose it o Boers Dutch farmers 0 Move inland called Great Trek discovered gold diamonds Who can get the most colonies 0 British defeat Zulus O o Boer War 0 Sieze Egypt Mahdi o Redeemer of Islam 0 Defeated at battle of Omdurman The French in Africa 0 One major colony in East and Madagascar 0 Germans capture parts of South West and South East Africa 0 Italians fail to capture Ethiopia Colonialism in Africa 0 White Authorities Belgian French German Dutch 0 Local Authorities British Gold Coast Ghana 0 British add Cocoa Beans to economy 0 Locals grow crops Kenya East Africa 0 Sparsely settled region connected by British railway British Domination in India 0 Take over French India in 18th C o Defeat of Sikh revolts o Sepoy revolt put down 0 Indian soldier under British command 0 Local government encouraged o Commanded by Civil Service 0 Locals are put into government at lower levels Japan 0 Civil wars led to creation of Shogunate I Military dictatorship ruling in name of emporer o Forbidding Christianity 0 Antiforeigner Laws Modernization 0 Emperor Meiji 18671912 0 Feudalism 9 Capitalism amp Industrialization o Defeats Russian Army China 0 Forced to open trade 0 Taiping Rebellion 18501865 0 The Boxer Rebellion I AntiWestern I Boxers are defeated by West I Final Emperor of China Pu Yi Sun Yat Sen WESTERN IMPERIALISM I factories maintain factories but raw materials maintain their style of living Trade trade begins locally but beco quickly competition 014 Umted ngdom I From Mugu Spam I Unwed sum Ruwa I n I Gummy I Tu oy oys local Indian troops Brits and the lndian Civil controlled by the Service Wanted silver fro trade to Canton I China Britain wanted increased trade but China wanted to keep opium and foreign influence out results in the First Opium War 18391842 0 Britain wins w its modern navy results in the Treaty of Nanjing where Brits get Hong Kong and china pays 21 million ounces of silver Africa SE Asia a en newly unified Italy and Germany colonize European states defined b these colonies are co making machine loc give sell or buy nd Pacific islands and in 1880 s ev y oversees possessions gs in a greater money als have no say in what they more efficiently in colonies railways connect the interior to the coastal ports rather than between colonies industrialization of weapons rifle breech loading guns machine guns and multi shot rifles Africa African chiefs sold their own people into slavery led to problems of depopulation warfare paranoia and an economy based on one item slaves so what happens when it falls apart 0 there was ban on slave importation in 1807 in Britain using antislavery squadrons but it wasn39t completely effective Africa rise of new goods in Africa like Palm Oil used for soap and candles western Africa begins to westernize since late 18th century Africa dominated by the spread of lslam mostly along the coasts Coionies the imam of Oman Sayyid Said moved his base of operations to Zanzibar he made deais w indian traders and controiied the trade aiong the Ciove Piantations aiong the coast aiready many trading colonies in Africa iike those of the Portuguese Africa rise of new goods in Africa like Palm Oil for soap and candles to westernize 0 since late 18th the spread of I used western Africa begins century Africa dominated by slam mostly along the coasts ca but Britain ling over the Boers s O dissatisfied with Briti inland in what s call then discovered gold and diamonds Brits defeat the Zulus in the south in 1879 then move inland and fight the Boer War which they win sh rule Boers move ed the Great Trek they I v n lrv 2 I i I 4 7H 1 did have one major colony Madagascar 0 Germans take parts of SW and SE Africa but Italians come up empty w a filed invasion of Ethiopia in the east Methods of Control z Direct control by Ite European authorities Belgium France ermany and the Dutch 2 Indirect control Britain in Ghana aka Gold Coast Brits add cocoa beans to economy locals grow crops and develop economy partnering with w the British colonial government in Kenya the sparsely settled region was connected by British railways while farmers were encouraged while locals remained poor down by the West last Chines e Emperor was Pu Yi Sun Yat Sen establishes a republic of China 39 EmPeror Meiji Capitalism and i 4282015 Portugal was unable to find gold silver Agriculture on coast tobacco amp cotton amp sugarcane hard to produce Had to import SLAVES When they did find gold and silver they needed slaves to work in the mines Last to outlaw in 1888 perhaps 4000000 slaves 40 slaves Area of Portugal Brazil was very stable In the very beginning TRADE was restricted Portugal and Portuguese colonies In late 18th C things started to deteriorate 9 Napoleonic Wars The French army invaded Portugal in 1805 Forced the royal family to ee 7000 of the nobility ed to Portuguese territory Declared free trade Napolean was defeated in 1815 most of the royal Portuguese family returned to Portugal but they left one guy behind Dom Pedro I In 1822 he Pedro declared Brazil Independent 0 Constitution 0 Emperor Successor Dom Pedro II also became emperor and was very popular had a good working system with citizens 0 Civil liberties 0 Stable economy 0 Military victories 1889 politicians got together and overthrew government coop detatquot Republic oligarchy 1 2 3 SPAIN more land Not restricting in trade Traded with other Spanish colonies Had their own goods and food 0 Self sufficient 0 Problem for Spain point of colony is to bring money and stuff back to motherland Spain had to come up with methods to regain control of rapidly growing self sufficient colonies Casa de Contratacion house of commerce that oversees all trade collects taxes Spanish King Charles 111 institutes a type of free trade but it has a negative impact on colonies because it makes colonial goods more expensive than European goods this destroys local economy and damages selfsufficiency Divides all the big Spanish territories into much smaller provinces called viceroyalties less united easier to control Each viceroyalty has an audiencia which is a group of counselors advisors to the viceroy governor Members of the Audiencia were all peninsulares men born in mother country of spain Creoles are men who are born in a Spanish colony not given powerful positions in the audiencia Doubt your loyalty Racial identity is very complicated 1500 s Spanish men came to the new world with no women had relationships with native women and African women Mestizo mixed European father and native mother Mulatto European father African mother Castas category of mixed any type of mix Both Peninsulares and creoles looked down on people who were mixed but they also believed in concept called Whitening MestizoMulatto denied civil rights job opportunities etc Comes to a head in a native uprising mestizo renames Tupac Amaru 11 mixed army warfare Captured and executed His revolt leads to another revolt price of warfare means higher taxes so peasants revolt against higher taxes and elect El Commun Which is a central committee to run the rebellion Comuneros THEY WIN war leads to taxes Spanish people in Spain cant control the colonies people in the colonies are waiting for the moment to rebel Comes from unlikely source Napolean invades Spain removes king Ferdinand and Joseph Boneparte replaces him Kills Creole allegiance to Spain Massive Creole led rebellion And achieved independence Nothing changed for most people instead of peninsulares creoles are now in charge Exclusion for others Chaos because creoles don t know how to govern leads to wars and dictatorships chaos British and Americans start to pour money into South America and become in control of industry in South America Neocolonialism political independence but economic domination to a colony 1920 s 3rd essay Cuba peurto rico Nicaragua etc Monroe Doctrine christonller Illaminl the Spanish ag in me quot quot 1 92 q Spain 1 1 i man at Iomesillas oi I 3 E 53 539 339 a High 0 me Portuuese naval family in 1805 39W I 16 1H Iquotwm iuww Tm I up In L m 39 39 an 339quot quot A g quot f 39 a r k h r ow x39 WWWquot w quot139quot quot I ma it 3 438 Pavia 4amp4542 31 J a v39 bees 8 a 85 53525 2 as A 4 O O I r I a w 3 g b w 51 Social Hierarcllv in latin America f gi Mixed Marriages aml 3 children In Win Q n 3 R K 639 I I I 39 comunero Peasant Revolt 039 I8 17808 ill IIIB Vicerovaltv of New Granada Yr Mastizalo creole Generals ghting tor Peruvian Independence Simon Bolivar e lose San Martin sneak sonlv and carry a his stick and you will 90 fat Tll80l0I39e MOSHE occunation of Nicaragua from 1912 101933 43015 The Young Republic 1780 s 1900 In the latter years of the Am Rev the sort of central government The Continental Congress spun off committees to discuss federal government after the war 0 Articles of confederation 0 Most power to the remain with the 13 states 0 Federal government to have no money no navy no major economic powers 13 states tried and failed to be a federation Things really begin to go wrong economically too many interstate tariffs no central money system To deal with this a group of concerned gentlemen met 1786 Annapolis Philadelphia 1787 Constitution operating papermission statement 1787 1791 ratifying new system with a president 0 Bicameral legislature 0 Supreme court 0 Economic power to raise money through taxes a tiny army and a tiny navy and even post officer At the center a festering sore slavery Some times disguised as states rightsquot Southern slavery tolerated for the sake of southern raw materials North tolerated because main customer for southern raw materials Treaties with great Britain had opened land to the west but the native Americans who already lived there resented US interlopers a series of small Indian Wars is 1790 s As settlers went west took slavery with them remember this But 1803 Napoleon 15t consul needed by bucks made a deal with government of Thomas Jefferson 12000000 for Louisiana But expansion leads to new states new states lead can now be either slave or free states 0 BUT must be a balance between slave and free states 1820 Missouri compromise 1821 Spain is out of Mexico Mexico becomes a republic 0 Very unstable army used more for civil war than for peace keeping at the boarders Mexican authorities recruited mostly southern US citizens to colonize Texas land in return for 1 Giving up slavery 2 Becoming catholic 3 Swearing allegiance to Mexico 0 If you did those things you were given land First Settlers obeyed the rules next waves began to have ideas of independence December 1835 April 1836 Texas independent 1836 1845 Ioin US 1845 and there s war with Mexico 0 Major territorial losses And so US has now grown 3000 miles across continent but still there s a problem South saw north as one big city full of factories North saw south as one big slaveholding plantation Economic differences 0 North had bigger more diverse population 22000000 farms and factories 0 South 9000000 3000000 were slaves and was primarily an agricultural community Tensions grew as the north grew as well 1840s big waves of immigrants Irish Germans Polish Czechs political refugees amp refugees from hunger 1860 election Abe Lincoln 0 This was symbolic of a great threat to the slaveholding ruling classing Calling it states rightsquot to have slaves 186165 south lost 1865 into 1870s quotReconstructionquot But North continued to grow and expand and people moved west By 1898 US was huge solid about to become a world power needed colonies war with Spain US gets Cuba Puerto Rico Philippines our colonies for years to come Post 1898 US on the edge of world power what will push it over Questions To Help You Understand and Remember Lecture 18 Society Science and Culture in Late 19thC Europe Describe a medieval city a Near rivers unorganized no lighting no public services garbage filthy What happens to a medieval city when circa 1800 someone builds a mill in it a City population increases drastically 9 overpopulation How did the population of Britain shift between 1801 and 1891 What caused that shift What is cholera and how does it spread a Cholera was a terrible disease epidemic that was spread through the water Began in London c Caused by Bacillus d Symptoms include fever and diarrhea How did doctors in the first half of the 19th century understand the spread of disease to happen and why might it have been logical for them to have though so And what London doctor figured out where a cholera outbreak was coming from a Doctors thought that it was spread by miasma by air b What was London s sanitation like in the early 19th century a There was hardly any sanitation at all until 18401860 when parliament began to regulate the quality of drinking water Who was the French scientist who began the process by which a new way of looking at communicable diseases was discovered What had he been working on a Louis Pasteur germ theory How was Paris changed in the mid 19th century a Public transportation options railways omnibuses etc 9 What big change did the introduction of cheap public transport bring about in cities a Cities became more accessible suburbs were created more opportunity 10 How had class structure changed from 1700 to 1900 11 What was the sharing of wealth like in 1900 a Upper 20 of population has over 50 of the wealth 12 What importance would the middle class have for the coming 20th century 13 Contrast a city in 1900 with its medieval ancestor 14 How had science moved from the sidelines to the center of the field by 1900 a Science became a source of technology b Led to electrical power gasoline power engines dyes etc Lecture 19 19thC Western Imperialist Expansion I 1 What major political changes had occurred in Western Europe from 1750 to 1850 2 What further political changes had occurred by 1880 3 What economic changes had occurred between 1750 and 1850 4 Describe the necessities for trade to be successful 5 Why must trade need to expand beyond its local area to survive a Trade becomes saturated if it stays in the same place competition threatens supply of raw materials and price expansion increases profits 6 What did Portugal do to expand its trade How did this affect a the locals B other trade and traders 7 In a capitalist sense what are colonies for a Colonies exist to make money for the mothercountry through trade and raw materials 8 Describe the destruction of the Indian cotton cloth trade from the 18th through the 19th centuries 9 How did Britain open upquot China to trade in the period 18301860 a OPIUM was a British good that was smuggled into China from India resulted in opium wars 10 How did the US open upquot Japan in 1853 11 Why did colonization become a race among the western European countries from 18801900 12 How was the treatment of colonial subjects like the treatment of factory workers in colonial capitalism 13 Explain the pattern technology industrialism capitalism colonialism a Colonialism Technology Industrialism 9 Capitalism 9 more colonization and Technology 9 ETC 14 How did technology aid the Europeans in their colonializing a Development of steam ships helped carry raw materials and finished products railways connected colonies weapons Lecture 20 19thC Western Imperialist Expansion 1 The Scramble for Africa 1 Why was the slave trade a bad way to gain wealth for western African kings a The slave trade was quick money for them it led to depopulation and a onecrop trading system they also became dependent on other powers for economic stability 2 How did Britain work to abolish the slave trade along the western African coast a The British put together an Anti Slave Squadquot that monitored the Middle Passage to prevent slave trade b It was not very effective 3 What agricultural product provided a decent economic substitute for the slave trade a Palm Oil used for soaps candles etc 4 Who was Sayyid Said and how did he gain control over the eastern African slave trade 423 5 What was the SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA What was behind it a All different powers were trying to colonize parts of Africa MONEY 6 Who were the BOERS What and to where was their TREK a Farmers Dutch settlers in Africa b The Great Trek 7 When the Boers made mineral discoveries in their new homeland what danger were they then in 8 Brie y describe the British marches of conquest across Africa 9 Where had the French begun their seizure of Africa Where did they end it 10 What parts of Africa did the new German Empire grab 11 What were the two main methods of colonial rule 12 What kept the new Kingdom of Italy from becoming a major colonial power 13 Contrast colonial rule in the gold Coast GHANA with that in British East Africa KENYA a In Ghana British add cocoa beans to economy locals grow crops and economy while working with British colonial government b In Kenya only a few farmers could grow crops but the locals remained poor 14 Brie y describe the British conquest of India from 1750 to 1850 a Take over French India b Defeat Sikh s c Put down the Sepoy revolt d Indian Soldiers were commanded by British command 15 What was the British method of ruling India Of what earlier ruler s attempts to rule northern India does it remind you 16 How did the British themselves sow the seeds for their loss of India 17 What had Iapan been like before 1600 18 What new form of government controlled Iapan after 1600 How did it deal with foreigners 19 What began the great change in Japanese society in the 1850 s and where did it lead by 19041905 20 How did the British and French deal with China in the period 184060 21 What else was going on in China at the time 22 What brought the brief Chinese revival of 18651894 to an end 23 Who were the SOCIETY OF RIGHTEOUS FISTS How successful were they a The society of righteous fists is what the BOXERS called themselves they believed that the west had too much power b Created the secret society to reject farmers c Unsuccessful revolt 24 What was the end of the Qing Dynasty What happened in China after its fall Lecture 21 Latin America Gains Its Freedom 1 In the era of exploration where had Portugal acquired colonies Where had Spain 2 How had Brazil moved from a Portuguese possession to an independent empire after 1822 3 Define peninsulares creoles mestizos mulattos and describe the social order of which they formed parts a Peninsulares People born in the mothercountry of Spain i Highest class of people b Creoles People who were born in Spanish colonies i Below peninsulares but above mestizos amp mulattos c Mestizos Mixed European father and native mother i Denied civil rights looked down upon d Mulattos Mixed European father and African mother i Denied civil rights looked down upon 4 During the period 15501750 how had the Spanish colonies in the Americas developed in relation to Spain 5 What happened in the 18th century to change all of that How was Carlos III involved 6 What were the local consequences of these changes 7 Define and discuss the role of the audiencias a Audiencia group of counselors advisors to the Viceroy made of peninsulares 8 How did Spanish taxthinking in the later 18th century mirror English tax thinking in regard to their colonies 9 What kinds of grievances did mestizos and mulattos have a Denied civil rights lowest class least respected 10 Why did Spain have to grant the colonies some autonomy during the Napoleonic Wars 11 Describe the first two big revolts in Latin America circa 1780 a Tupac Amaru 11 led a revolt that led to another revolt against higher taxes b Creole Rebellion 12 How did Napoleon in uence the second wave of revolts against Spanish rule a When Napoleon removed King Ferdinand from the throne the creole allegiance to Spain was lost and they led a massive Creole rebellion 13 How did things change in the new countries after their revolutions What seems to have remained the same 14 What s neocolonialism and how does the term apply in Latin America in the later 19th century a Neocolonialism is political independence but economic dependence domination by a mothercountry b America and Britain poured a lot of money into South America and had control over their economy 15 What stimulated immigration to South America in the 19th century How did it resemble immigration to North America during the same period Lecture 22 The Republic the US 1783 1900 1 What major problem did the 13 colonies face in the first years after the American Revolution a Failed to be a federation no central system 2 What did the Constitutional Convention solve 3 What is States Rightsquot Why was the south in particular so touchy about this issue a States Rights was the South s belief that it was their right to own slaves 4 Why didn t certain northerners protest too loudly about slavery a The northerners needed raw materials from the south and they did not want to jeopardize losing them 5 What was the major problem about admitting new states to the Union a New States must be either SLAVE or FREE states there must also be a balance between the of free and slave states 6 How did US territory benefit from treaties with Britain in the 1780 s and 1790 s How did it benefit from France a Treaties with Britain opened up land to the west b 7 How did the politicians in Congress try to keep slavery from dividing the country in the years before the Civil War 9 Why did large numbers of US citizens come to Texas in the 1820 s and 1830 s a Mexican Authorities recruited US citizens to colonize Texas in return for obeying their requests 9 How did these US citizens change the fate of Texas in the 1820 s and 1830 s a Texas became independent then joined the US and caused war with Mexico 10 Why was there some reluctance in the US to annex Texas What happened when it was annexed 11 Describe the large differences between north and south in the period 1840 1860 a North was nothing but factories b South was nothing but slavery c ALSO had population differences 12 What sorts of events brought on the Civil War at last 13 Why were the Confederates unsuccessful 14 What were the consequences of Lincoln s death for the south a Abolition of slavery 15 What was the balance in the US between 1870 and 1900 16 How and when did the US join in the wave of colonialism which swept Europe in the years 18801900 a US colonized many places such as Cuba Puerto Rico and the Philippines 17 What act by Theodore Roosevelt demonstrated American determination to claim a larger place on the world stage 5 90gt 9 Lecture 23 The End of the World Part 11 What western European nations between 1400 and 1500 AD began to spread out across the world trading and colonizing What European countries moved from being feudal states to nations between 1500 and 1700 AD What did the Seven Years War do for Britain What caused her to lose some ground Name the first 3 world wars How did the industrial revolution change Western Europe and the US A very big question How did the US enter the world stage Which were the Central Powers Which are the Allies How did Britain and Germany show off their power Where did the First World War begin 10 What was Germany s plan against France and how did it fail 11 What two technological developments changed old fashion warfare in the fall of 1914 12 What did the two sides do in France to protect themselves 13 What did the two sides do to make the other side move 14 What finally won the war for the Allies 15 Was the First World War really the war to end all warsquot Whywhy not
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