Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide Com 212
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathleen Welling on Sunday May 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Com 212 at Purdue University taught by Douglas Edward Pruim in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 492 views. For similar materials see Approaches to the Study of Interpersonal Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Purdue University.
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Date Created: 05/03/15
Com 212 Spring 2015 Unit 4 Exam Chapter I 0 Family structures Powerauthority for dealing with family discipline problems Positional based on position in family My decision because I am Dad Person oriented Me because I am good at this thing this is the better option at some times Decision making structure for determining how the family will deal with changes or make use of its free time Consensus everyone agrees Accommodation people do like to talk about things but there is one person who is a pain so we just give in and let that person have their way so we don t have to deal with it Defacto one person at the top makes the decisions for everyone Interaction structure indicates which family members are more likely to talk to one another about problems share secrets or form coalitions in order to increase their in uence Centralized There is one person who is the messenger type person and keeps everyone informed on everything Decentralized Everybody talks and shares news with everyone Internal functions of families The extent to which you act like a family Functions that keep the family running 0 Care food shelter food clothing love 0 Socialization teaching children how to act in society 0 Intellectual development teaching ABCs and new things 0 Recreation do fun things 0 Emotional Support sense of belonging to the family and help when needed External functions of families Functions that provide services to the larger society 0 Cultural transmission parents pass on cultural myths and legends and guidelines that they learned when they were young Instill cultural values o Accommodating cultural change in addition to passing on unchanging cultural values the family also teaches children how to adapt to many of the changes a society goes through Humor styles from PPT posted on Blackboard Selfdefeating humor negative at self Self enhancing humor positive at self Aggressive humor negative at others Afflilative humor positive at others Email doug Chapter I 1 Environmental factors on intimacy Proximity physical distance Shared episodes doing things together Readiness for intimacy not always ready at the same time Romantic feelings Just friends or nah Types of dominance messages Oneup messages disagreements interruptions topic changes You challenge someone else give me that Onedown messages apologizes agrees okay Oneacross not a challenge or agreement just a statement What is the name of that state equivalence Patterns of messages Dominance messages become patterned in relationships Healthy relationships should have a balance of all of these Complementary bring me that up Okay down Competitive Bring me that up No up Submissive I really screwed up across Yeah me too across Stages of relational development Initiating that person is cute I would like to get to know them Experimenting they start talking to each other and get to know each other Flirting Intensifying tests 4 types of tests 0 Indirect suggestion jokingly talking about how much I love owers and they re so pretty 0 Separation tests purposely not seeing each other for an amount of time to see if the other person tries to contact 0 Endurance purposely spending a lot of time together to see if they stick around 0 Triangle going out to test for jealousy Integrating couples begin to organize their everyday lives around each other 0 Behavioral action symbols rituals such as names inside jokes games exclusively used by the couple Eventstimes references to the first date first kiss etc Physical objects gifts that signify important steps in the relationship Symbolic places places that have special meaning Symbolic cultural artifacts songs books films that the couples claims as their 3 OWl l OOOO Bonding private commitments are formalized Covenant talk two people work out what they want believe or hope for from the relationship and from each other Stages of relational deterioration l Differentiating we are separate people We need to do this Well we are different people you know I can make my own decisions I don t care what you think Circumscribing start restricting communication within or outside of the relationship Where were you Friday I thought we were going to hang out Well FINE Silence Or Phone rings and you don t answer it subtweeting don t know how long this will last Stagnating you feel like you are stuck Nothing great in the relationship just in it cuz you re in it Avoiding physically avoiding him Terminating end it Cognitive dissonance happens People think of you as a couple and you deal with it by saying yeah he was a bitch anyway Or I can do a lot better so I dumped him Types of relational tests Indirect suggestion jokingly talking about how much I love owers and they re so pretty Separation tests purposely not seeing each other for an amount of time to see if the other person tries to contact Endurance purposely spending a lot of time together to see if they stick around Triangle going out to test for jealousy Types of perceptual biases l Perceive our relationship communication as more positive than the other person thinks it is Overestimate similarities think they are more like us than they actually are kindergarten complexegocentric Disagree on who makes relationship decisions When you describe relationship problems in general not speci c terms using the terms always and m The dialectical tensions of relationships 1 51 ratio Expressiveprotective sharing just enough as the situation calls for Not oversharing when you rst meet someone but not holding back everything from a signi cant other either If you don t agree on how much to share it can cause TENSION Autonomyconnectedness not spending too much time together but spending enough time together Do you agree on how much is too much If not this can cause TENSION Noveltypredictability don t let the routine become too predictable you never surprise me anymore bad sign Masculinefeminine who is being the man and who is being the woman Is it okay for the man to do the cooking and cleaning and the girls hair in the morning Despite major differences in interaction style of couples one notable pattern of interaction is the 51 ratio Successful couples have 5 positive interactions for every 1 negative interaction Gottman s Four Horsemen Criticism carries blame with it instead of solving it Contempt the intention to insult or psychologically abuse your partner Defensiveness deny our responsibility or claim our innocence whining making excuses Stonewalling emotional distance or silence Shut the person out and become non responsive Effective feedback 1 Own your messages use 1 language eu area jerk I am upset right now 2 Don t apologize for feelings 3 Make message speci c and behavioral I am upset because you missed my birthday speci c and behavioral 4 Make sure verbal and nonverbals match 5 Avoid Evaluating or interpreting the other don t piss them off by telling them why they are upset 6 Express the expectation I expect you to do this next time Chapter 12 Con ict management styles Selection the couple opts for an extreme ex spending time apart a lot autonomy over togetherness Cyclic alternation alternate between extremes This week we will be together more next week we will be apart more Topical segmentation some activities the couple is more autonomous and some activities the couple is more together Distinct areas of your life work I need to be autonomous Moderation compromise This week applebeesyour fave next week burger king my fave Disquali cation hinting at problems rather than discussing them openly Reframing couple transforms the issue so it is viewed to have a different meaning CLASH OF CLANS It used to annoy me so instead I decided to play and made it something that we could do together Communication Accommodation Theory lecture When we are with old friends or different subgroups of people we begin to talk like them My friends I talk with certain lingo while when I am with grandma I talk WELL HELLO GRAMMA and when I am with Kim I pick up her accent Convergence when you try to converge with a group If you re talking to smart people so you feel the need to talk smart Divergence intentionally pull back Chillen with the coworkers laughing then suddenly realize you need to be acting professional and stop the conversation Okay everyone back to work Overaccommodation The grandma trying to be hip on twitter Or when talking to grandma you talk VERY LOUD AND VERY SLOW And she says something like I can hear you dammit Im not dead yet Problem solving strategies Cost cutting literally cutting costs One person doesn t want to go out to eat because it costs too much so they decide to cook together at home or go to mcdonalds which is cheaper Also this can include saving face psychological costs The teacher doesn t have any issue moving the test except for that he may lose some professional status The kids may think he is a pushover or that games are more important than school Compensating go out to eat and your friend pays once so you pay the next time IF your mother lets you borrow the car you decide that you will pick up dinner for the family on your way home Logrolling Each side makes concessions to the other that are important to the other but not so important to them I want your house but I want the red drapes A LOT and I guess a lower price too Well I REALLY wanna keep the same price but heck yeah the red drapes are all yours man Bridging nding a new option that that satis es both parties without either side having to concede The third option Parents are getting a divorce ghting over who gets the kids one lives in LA and one in DC okay well lets both move to cali so we can share them Expanding the Pie if a con ict arises over sharing resources you can eXpand the resources Well lets make waf es AND pancakes then since we cant decide Rules for establishing problem solving strategies Assess personal and relational goals there are times to give in and times to have your way Make sure you choose your battles Understand the other person s interests and emotions they may not be being as unreasonable as you might think Realize emotions run high Focus on issues not positions This construction site is dangerous I demand you put up fences or we will le a lawsuit DON T do that Instead focus on the issue and say I am concerned for the safety of my children What can we do together that will help us accomplish this problem Consider turning to 3rd parties for help STAR method for interview answers lecture Situation who what where Task what was being done The job responsibility trouble etc Action what action did you take Response what was the outcome How did this affect you or others Chapter 13 Worldview and presuppositions and how they relate to intercultural interpersonal communication Worldview Platform on which we stand by which we perceive reality 0 Shaped by where we grow up our physical limitations tall short etc Presuppositions Belief behind the belief foundation of belief Unconscious beliefs about how the world works The concept that divinity can exist Is human nature ultimately good or ultimately bad Dimensions of culture Control free will work to get ahead constraint determinism Actionoriented Doing work hardtry new things being just livin life Time Mculture time is linear go go go Pculture more chillax Others individualistic take care of yourself collectivistic everything for the fam Communication Styles low context people mean what they say high context a lot of hidden meaning Gender masculine feminine 0 America is more control Doing Mculture low context individualistic masculine However keep in mind that these are on a spectrum Social identity theory matrix lecture People nd worth by putting themselves into groups In group Out group Exclusive Nuance similarities Highlight differences not everyone at purdue is amazing some people are just IU sucks at everything okay at sports and not really that cool of people Inclusive Highlight similarities Nuanced differences PURDUE IS THE BEST AT EVERYTHING YEAAAAH WE ROCK BOILER UPPPPP not everyone who goes to IU sucks terribly
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