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UCLA - IT 42 - Italian 42a Quiz 2 Answers - Study Guide

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UCLA - IT 42 - Italian 42a Quiz 2 Answers - Study Guide

School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Italian
Course: Early Modern Italy
Professor: Moudarres
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Name: Italian 42a Quiz 2 Answers
Description: Contain answers to the quiz questions for Quiz 2.
Uploaded: 05/10/2017
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background image Study Guide – Quiz 2 The 27 questions included in the quiz will be chosen from this list (the wording in the quiz might be slightly different) Donation of Constantine: 1) To whom does “Constantine” address the Donation? (I write “Constantine” because, as we all know by now, the Emperor Constantine the Great had nothing to do with the
Donation. The Donation is a forged document probably written in the 8
th  century, more than four centuries after Constantine died). o He addresses it to Pope Sylvester 2) What   was   “Constantine’s   illness?   And   how   was   he   supposed   to   treat   this   illness according to his pagan priests/physicians? How is “Constantine” cured? o His illness was leprosy o Priests told him to cure with the blood of innocent children o He is cured by baptism from the Pope (put in holy water) 3) In addition to Constantine, who else is involved in the decision to bestow “princely power” on the pontiff? o Satraps, Senate, Roman people, and successors 4) What kinds of gifts accompany the pope’s newly acquired “princely power”? o Power   of   the   empire,   and   the   four   chief   seats   (Antioch,   Alexandria, Constantinople, Jerusalem)  5) How does “Constantine” describe the relationship between pope and emperor? o The emperor is the Pope’s squire.  (So the pope is higher than emperor) Oration on the Donation of Constantine: 1) What makes the power of the “supreme pontiff” so impressive according to the beginning of Valla’s Oration? o Wields two swords – temporal power and ecclesial power Means wields both secular and religious power 2) What does Valla seek to achieve in writing the Oration (pages 3­4)?
background image o Argue against the Roman pontiffs – that the Donation wasn’t known to Sylvester and Constantine alike! That Donation was false 3) What is the “common sense” argument that Valla deploys (pages 6­7) to suggest that it would have been unreasonable for Constantine to relinquish half of the Roman Empire? o No ruler would give away land that he had conquered + Constantine was lustful for power and land 4) What are the risks of dividing the Empire (pages 11­12)? o People and Senate would have been against it for one, his children also o Cutting one body into two parts – divide minds of people ­> lead to war between the two of them (like the sibling rivalry) o Will be viewed as a weak emperor 5) What   does   Valla   imagine   that   Sylvester   would   say   to   Constantine   in   response   to Constantine’s gift (pages 15­21)? o Would view it as act of simony, using power of God to make money (selling sacred commodities) 6) What is the Biblical precedent of a Syrian general who suffered from leprosy that Valla suggests is behind the legend of the Donation? (See the slides and pages 8 and 16 of the
Oration).
o Naaman the Syrian (cured in the River Jordan) 7) True or False: Valla does not use irony in his Oration. o False ­> he does use irony o Roman empire acquired with bloodshed ­> but clergy gets it peacefully 8) What are the most evident historical (and geographic) inaccuracies in the  Donation  to which Valla draws our attention? o Satraps would not have been used in the time of writing – emperor would not say that o The fact that writer does not know about qualities of diadem o Scepter – there should be only one, but writer mentions several
background image o Called it Constantinople when it would still have been Byzantium 9) What is the discipline that Valla mastered and that allowed him to dissect the  linguistic flaws of the  Donation ? o philogy 10) What are the dangers in the pope’s exercise of temporal power to which Valla draws the reader’s attention (see for instance pages 42­45)? o Power to wage war – a warrior pope 11) Why   is   “Constantine”’s   use   of   scriptural   passages   like   the   one   from   the   Book   of Revelation (see Valla’s critique at pages 54­55) inconsistent with historical reality? o Constantine just converted and had no time to read Book of Revelation 12) Where had the Donation allegedly been hidden? o In the tomb of Christ or with body of Peter 13) True or False: Valla thinks that the growth of the Roman Empire was legitimate and resulted from Divine Providence. o False 14) What are, according to Valla, the “reasons for making war”? Which one of these reasons is “just”? o Avenge a wrong and defend friends (just) o Fear of letting others getting stronger and losing to them (just) o Loot and glory 15) How does he describe the popes’ rule over the city of Rome (see pages 72­80)? o He describes it as a tyrannical rule 16) What happened to Valla after he wrote the Oration? o No real consequence, after Nicholas V becomes pope, he becomes secretary  History of Italy: 1) When did Lorenzo de’ Medici (the Magnificent) die? When did Innocent VIII die? a. Both died on 1492

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Italian
Course: Early Modern Italy
Professor: Moudarres
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Name: Italian 42a Quiz 2 Answers
Description: Contain answers to the quiz questions for Quiz 2.
Uploaded: 05/10/2017
10 Pages 66 Views 52 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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