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utep sociology

utep sociology

Description

School: University of Texas at El Paso
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to Politics (C) - 14426
Professor: Robert webking
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: final, review, Politics, Cigdem, UTEP, and pols
Cost: 50
Name: POLS
Description: FINAL REVIEW for introduction to Politics Cigdem UTEP not finished
Uploaded: 05/11/2017
5 Pages 214 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT EL PASO  POLS 2310: Introduction to Politics  REVIEW FOR THE FINAL EXAM  For Professor Cigdem 5/11/2017  Lecture 16: International Politics: General Overview  ∙ The subject matter of International Relations (IR)  - Relationships between world governments. Involvement of one country to another  results in cooperation or conflict as debates are crucial but sometimes unresolved. - The multiple branches of International affairs one can study:  Sociology IR- Social problems in other states such as economy, human society.  Domestic Politics vs Sociology IR (French peacekeepers in Bangui)  Economics IR- Global trade of goods and services.  History IR- Historical relationships between governments.  and many more branches.   - International relations have become more prominent with globalization through  media and technology.  - Subfields  o International Security Studies  o International Political Economy  - Reef Poll: Traditionally, the key focus of International Relations (IR) has been on…  Ans: interactions between sovereign states ∙ Collective goods problem (AKA “collective action, free riding, burden sharing, the tragedy of  commons, or the prisoner’s dilemma”) o Reef Poll: A collective goods problem is… Ans: the problem of how to provide  something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member  contributes to it  The Collective Goods Game: Global Warming  Small Group Large Group Easy to detect  free-riders Hard to detect free riders.  No authority to hold  international groups responsible  for not contributing.


o Reef Poll: What can the permanent members of the UN Security Council do that nonpermanent members cannot?




What was the predecessor of the UN?




o Reef Poll: What is neo-realism?



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- Core principles in IR to manage collective goods problem: o Dominance- Power of Hierarchy  Hegemon/Superpower (enforces common good, less conflict)     Lower Ranking Members (might feel oppressed, resentment, conflicts over position) Example: In the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) - the  “big five are the enforcing superpowers.  o Reciprocity – No need for authority ∙ Positive  o Rewarding Contributors. Arms Control (“you scratch my  back; I scratch yours”)  ∙ Negative  o Punishing self-interest, “eye for an eye”  ∙ Problem: “people underestimate others good intentions and tend to  overestimate their own”   Examples: Iran - Israel or Pakistan – India   o Identity- Sacrifice ∙ The identity community does not seek self-interest and does  not care about benefits they only care about others and  benefiting them. The most reliable core principle.  Examples: Sweden, Germany, South Africa, Japan 2 Main Principles:  ∙ Principle of self-determination  o A nation has the right to determine its political fate independently from other  nations.  ∙ Principle of state sovereignty  o A sovereign state has the right to exercise supreme authority over their own land.  ∙ Principle of Non Intervention- only states can legally claim a monopoly of jurisdiction  within their borders   Responsibility to Protect Principle  A sovereign state is responsible for protecting its people from harm due to failed  government, war at home…. Failure to do so will allow the principle of non intervention (non use of force) to be voided and allows the international  responsibility to protect to become effective.  The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS), 2001: xi) Lecture 17: International Order, Security, and Foreign Policy  ∙ The concept of bounded rationality  ∙ Main tenets of prospect theory  ∙ “Government bargaining” model of decision making  ∙ “Organizational process” model of decision making  Lecture 18: Theories of International Relations  Traditional Theories  ∙ The meaning of “Raison d’état”  ∙ Realism  ∙ Liberalism ∙ Neorealism  o Reef Poll: What is neo-realism? Ans: An attempt to restate the basic ideas of  realism in a more “scientific” and modified form.  ∙ Neoliberalism  ∙ Realist perception of the international system  ∙ Realist perception of alliances  ∙ The meaning of anarchy in the international system  ∙ Fundamental assumptions of neorealism  ∙ Game theory  ∙ The prisoner’s dilemma  Alternative Approaches  ∙ Marxism  ∙ Constructivism  ∙ Orientalism  ∙ Types of feminism in IR: empirical, analytical, and normative feminisms  o Reef Poll: Which type of feminism specifically critiques existing forms of power  and seeks to construct an agenda for global reform? Ans: Normative feminism  Lecture 19: International Organizations  ∙ Inter-governmental versus non-governmental organizations (definition, examples,  characteristics)  o Reef Poll: Inter-governmental organizations (IGOs) are set up by... Ans: states  ∙ The history of the United Nations (When was it established? What was the predecessor of  the UN?)  o Reef Poll: The United Nations is the successor to… Ans: The League of Nations  ∙ The structure of the UN and functions of each organ (General Assembly, Security  Council, Secretariat, World Court)  o Reef Poll: Which of the following is one of the United Nations’ best known  organizations? Ans: WHO  ∙ The headquarters of the UN  ∙ Know the permanent members of the UN Security Council  ∙ The difference between permanent members and non-permanent members of the UN  Security Council (= veto power)  o Reef Poll: What can the permanent members of the UN Security Council do that  nonpermanent members cannot? Ans: Veto resolutions  ∙ Issues regarding reform in the structure of the UN Security Council  ∙ Mission of the Amnesty International  ∙ The link between the non-governmental organizations (NGOs), realism, and liberalism.  o Reef Poll: Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of non-governmental  organizations (NGOs)? Ans: They are usually dependent on governments. ∙ The concept of cosmopolitanism  ∙ Definition of “social movement”  Lecture 20: International Political Economy ∙ What do scholars of International Political Economy study?  ∙ The tension between states and markets (= sovereignty versus openness)  ∙ The meaning of “laissez-faire”  ∙ Mercantilism- belief in the benefits of profitable trading ∙ The meaning of the term “beggar-your-neighbor”  o Reef Poll: In the context of International Political Economy, the term “beggar  your neighbor” refers to… Ans: mercantilist policies that seek benefits for  one’s own country at the expense of others.  ∙ The Bretton Woods agreement  o Reef Poll: The Bretton Woods agreement... Ans: led to the establishment of the  International Monetary Fund (IMF).  ∙ The Brandt Report  o Reef Poll: As of today, what is the world's population? Ans: Approximately 7.5  billion people  ∙ Microcredit    o Reef Poll: Microcredit… Ans: provides small loans to poor people, especially  women, to support economic self‐sufficiency.  ∙ The New Political Economy  ∙ The main arguments of John M. Keynes
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