Final Study Guide
Final Study Guide Biology 230
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alejandra Brito on Sunday May 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 230 at San Francisco State University taught by kimberly Tanner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 186 views. For similar materials see Biology 230 in Biology at San Francisco State University.
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Date Created: 05/17/15
Final Study guide 1 Four culture zones gunpowder empires 2 Mecca a city in and the capital of Hejaz in w Saudi Arabia birth place of Muhammad spiritual center of Islam 3 Muhammad Arab prophet founder of Islam 4 Sunnis quotTraditionalistquot the most popular branch of Islam Sunnis believe in the legitimacy of the early caliphs compared with the Shiite belief that the only descendent of All can lead 5 Shi39a Islamic minority in opposition to the Sunni majority their belief is that the leadership should reside in the line of descended from Ali 6 Su s Islamic mystics who placed more emphasis on emotion and devotion than on strict adherence to rules 7 Dar allslam the quothouse of Islamquot a term for the Islamic world 8 Abbasids cosmopolitan Arabic dynasty 7501258 that replaced the Umayyads founded by Abu alAbbas and reached its peak under Harun alRashid 9 Baghdad a city in and capital of Iraq in the central part on the Tigris 10 Sundiata founder of the Mali empire r 12301255 also the inspiration for the Sundiata an African literary and mythological work 11 Mali west African kingdom Sundiata it reached its peak during the regin Mansa Musa 12 Mansa musa Musa I was the tenth Mansa which translates as quotKing of Kingsquot or Emperor of the wealthy Mali Empire 13 Swahili city states east African city sate society that dominated the coast from Mogadishu to Kilwa and was active in trade 14 Tang dynasty was an imperial dynasty of chima preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the ve dynasties and ten kingdom pedod 15 Song dynasty Chinese dynasty 9601279 that was marked by an increasingly urbanized and cosmopolitan society 16 Grand canal a canal in e china extending s from Tientsin to Hangchow 900 miles long 17 Mahayana Buddhism the quotgreater vehicle a more metaphysical and more popular northern branch of Buddhism 18 NeoConfucianism philosophy that attempted to merge certain basic elements of Confucian and Buddhist thought most important of the early NeoConfucianists was the Chinese thinker Zhu Xi 19 Zheng he formerly Romanized as Cheng ho was a Hui court eunuch mariner explorer diplomat and eet admiral during China s early Ming Dynasty 20 Byzantine empire sometimes known as the eastern roman empire was the predominantly Greekspeaking continuation of the eastern half of the roman empire during late antiquity and the middle ages 21 Constantinople was the capital city of the roman byzantine Latin and ottoman empires It was inaugurated in 324 ad at ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the roman empire by the Constantine 22 Eastern orthodox one of the three great divisions of Christianity the others are the protestant church and the roman catholic church 23 Cyrillic Alphabet the alphabet based principally on the Greek uncials that was originally used for writing old church Slavonic and that in its modern form with minor variation among different Slavic languages and for some nonSlavic languages of the soviet union 24 Charlemagne king of the franks 76881 as Charles emperor of the holy roman empire 800814 25 Holy roman empire a Germanic empire located chie y in central Europe that began with the coronation of Charlemagne as roman emperor in 800 and ended with the renunciation as the continuation of the western empire and as the temporal of a universal dominion whose spiritual head was the pope 26 Manorial system feudalism the political military and social system in the middle ages based on the holding of lands in ef or fee and on the resulting between lord and vassal 27 Raman Catholicism the Christian church of which the pop or bishop of Rome is the supreme head 28 Crusades any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of the Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries for the recovery of the holy lands from the Muslims 29 Iberian states 30 Renaissance the activity spirit or time of the great revival of art literature and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century making the transition from the medieval to modern worls 31 Reconquista crusade ending in 1492 to drive the Islamic forces out of spain 32 Toltecs central American society 9501150 that was centered on the city of Tula 33 Mexica 34 Tenochtitlan capital of the Aztec empire later Mexico city 35 ltzcoatl the fourth emperor of the axecs ruling from 1427 to 1440 the period when the Mexica threw off the domination of the Tepanecs and laid the foundations for the eventual Aztec empire 36 Moctezuma the last Aztec emperoe of Mexica 150220 37 Pachacuti the ninth sapa inca of the kingdom of cusco which he transformed into the empire tawantinsuyu ot the inca empire 38 Cuzco is a city in southeastern peru capital of the cusco region as well as the Cuzco Province 39 Machu picchu 15th century inca site located 2430 meters abour sea level in cusco 40 Castas 41 Columbian exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the new and old worlds Exvhange of plants animals diseased and technology transformed European and native American ways of life 42 Atlantic economy triangle trade slave trade trade between the country on the Atlantic
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