Final Exam Review
Popular in Music 162
Seong Yong Park
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Popular in Music
This 18 page Study Guide was uploaded by Seong Yong Park on Friday June 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 162 at University of Washington taught by Dudley in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see Music 162 in Music at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 06/05/15
How have Djs expanded their creative role in musical performances in disco hip hop dancehall and other styles I Disco 9 Constant beat and speed of beat 9 Read the crowd I Hip hop 9 Scratching hip hop 9 Looping break beat two songs So people could sing o This is what distinguishesjamaican song 0 RappingUS vs toastingJamaica l Dancehall I Electronica How do club music practices shape commercial genres eg how does discoteque culture shape disco music as a genre how do dancehall production techniques relate to dub music Discoteque as a place vs disco as a genre Same tempo DJs wanted to talk Jamaica and dub music was developted How do community scenes shape commercial music and how does commercialization impact community scenes think of hip hop and grunge especially Movie Hype Seattle Scene with Nirvana Sub Pub Stereotype l Genre Hip Hop DJ vs MC What is the role of independent record labels in supporting a local scene and perhaps changing it Sub Pub is the main independent label Mistrust of commercialcorporate music business and the ideology of DIY Punk music Commercial vs community Motown Development of pop music in a context of international sharing back and forth glam rock reggae disco various club music world music David Bowie Eric Clapton Paul Simon TA talked about it German musician with Donna Summer How does music create stereotypes and how does music challenge stereotypes racial gender etc African Americans had to follow how they were shown on the media just like it was for minstrel show music Commercial Puerto Rican as a rapper When did the term World Musicquot come into use and what does it mean to people How does the marketing of world music in uence how musicians perform and record How is collaboration between artists of different nations affected by imbalances of power and in uence 1986 late 19805 market for world market Paul Simon did not have to make much money Change of a language so the music can reach to the world Representing cultures Marketing colorful exotic I Reality vs music industry Comparisons across time topics for the 5 bonus questions What has changed and what has stayed the same in the popular music business ie how way popular music is produced marketed The Same I Mass dissemination of stereotypes The difference I Technology I Community Commercial people get sick of it Community something new Commercial l l l l Consider the role of popular music in de ning and representing racial or ethnic identities what patterns persist and what has changed Mentioned above What are some of the most signi cant models for form and style in popular music and how are they related historically Past I Verse and chorus I Strophic I 12 barblues I Call and response From West African gospel church music latin music son montuno l AABA professional song writers Ex Stephen Foster Turning point I Cyclical form James Brown Present How is popular music related to dance and what is the history of this relationship and of speci c dance styles Waltz 18805 partner dance Cake walk 19th century minstrel show Charles Lindy hop Swing Swing early 20th century Michael Jackson What is the relation of local scenes to the national pop music culture Think about how community practices independent labels and national media have interacted to shape popular music in different eras Midterm 2 Study Guide Music 162 Spring 2015 Songs YMCA Love to Love you Baby Good Times Wake the Town Night Fever Rapper s Delight The Message Guns of Navarrone The Harder They Come Get Up Stand Up I Shot the Sheriff Video Killed the Radio Star Billie Jean Sweet Dreams Like a Prayer Diamonds on the Soles of her Shoes You Can Call me Al Theme From Harry s Game Orinoco Flow Allah Hoo Allah Hoo Smoke on the Water Jump Johnny B Goode Judas Priest Smells Like Teen Spirit Fight the Power Fuck the Police UNITY Rock and Roll Wicked inna bed Vamo a portarnos mal Gasolina King Tubby Meets Rockers Uptown Hai Lachea Artistscomposersgroups The Village People Donna Summer The Bee Gees Chic Afrika Bambaata Jimmy Cliff Bob Marley Eric Clapton Michael Jackson Madonna Eurythmics The Buggles Paul Simon Ladysmith Black Mambazo Clannad Enya Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Judas Priest Eddie Van Halen DaVid Bowie Kiss Nirvana NWA Queen Latifah Mos Def Calle Trece GenresDancesEnsembles Disco Ska Reggae J awaiian Qawwali World Music Isicathamiya Grunge Heavy Metal Riot Grrl Glam rock Hip hop Break Dancing Dancehall Reggaeton Dub Bhangra Alternative Indie Rock Rave House Techno Drum and Bass Instruments Banjo Bones Tambourine FiddleViolin Piano Trumpet Saxophone clarinet Guitar steel guitar slide guitar electric Trombone Drumset Conga Bongos Clave Guiro Maracas Bass Moog synthesizer Sampler Dual turntables ukelele Musical terms Texture monophony Homophony Polyphony Polyrhythm F orm Strophic Verse and Chorus Call and response AABA Sectional 12 bar blues Harmony Chord 12 bar blues Timbre Rhythm Meter Syncopation Stop time Riff Clave Tumbao 4 on the floor Other Hook Montuno Slap bass Distortion Feedback Sampling Break beats Dem bow One drop GuestsMovies One exam question for each Scratch Hype Gabriel Teodros Michael O Neal Other ideas concepts facts developments African conceptual approaches to music making Rastafarianism Saturday Night Fever movie MTV World Music Sub Pop Rave DJ as creative artist Jamaican sound systems Important stories we ve traced in the last part of the course How have DJ s expanded their creative role in musical performances in disco hip hop dancehall and other styles How do club music practices shape commercial genres eg how does discoteque culture shape disco music as a genre how do dancehall production techniques relate to dub music How do community scenes shape commercial music and how does commercialization impact community scenes think of hip hop and grunge especially What is the role of independent record labels in supporting a local scene and perhaps changing it Mistrust of commercialcorporate music business and the ideology of DIY Development of pop music in a context of international sharing back and forth glam rock reggae disco various club musics world music How does music create stereotypes and how does music challenge stereotypes racial gender etc When did the term World Music come into use and what does it mean to people How does the marketing of world music in uence how musicians perform and record How is collaboration between artists of different nations affected by imbalances of power and in uence Comparisons across time topics for the 5 bonus questions What has changed and what has stayed the same in the popular music business ie how way popular music is produced marketed Consider the role of popular music in defining and representing racial or ethnic identies what patterns persist and what has changed What are some of the most significant models for form and style in popular music and how are they related historically How is popular music related to dance and what is the history of this relationship and of specific dance styles What is the relation of local scenes to the national pop music culture Thank about how community practices independent labels and national media have interacted to shape popular music in different eras Midterm Exam 1a KEY Music 162 American Popular Song Spring 2015 Shannon Dudley NOTE Before you do anything else please enter your name ID and exam version on the scantron Read each question carefully before answering Then choose the single best answer for each question You might want to mark the correct answers on your question sheet first and transfer them to your scantron form after you have double checked and made corrections All questions must be answered on a scantron form using 2 pencil Part I 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Jazz Singer was the first film to a be shown in commercial theaters b include a performance of blackface c include Vaudeville performers d include recorded singing Which African American jazz musician made numerous appearances in Hollywood films sometimes controversial in terms of racial imagery including a Betty Boop cartoon a Louis Armstrong b Duke Ellington c James Reese Europe d Count Basie Which of the following musical activities built community among Filipino Americans from widely separated neighborhoods in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1970s and 1980s a Performances of traditional Filipino rondalia music b DJ crews c Church singing d All of the above Which of the following dances was a direct precursor to the Lindy Hop a Cakewalk b Charleston c Ballad d Jitterbug quotMaple Leaf Ragquot by Scott Joplin is an example of a Sectional form b Monophonic texture c lining out d all of the above Which instrument would you have been least likely to hear in the performance of a minstrel show song in the 1850s a tambourine b banjo c saxophone d fiddle 7 8 9 Which of the following is a family singing group that recorded in the late 1920s and is revered as a model of faith and family values in country music a Gil Tanner and his Skillet Lickers b The Virginia Minstrels c The Everly Brothers d The Carter Family This woman was known as the Empress of the Blues and starred in the 1928 movie St Louis Blues a Sophie Tucker b Ella Fitzgerald c Bessie Smith d Maybelle Carter This bandleader from Chicago the son of Jewish immigrants became a sensation after a national tour in 1935 and was nicknamed the King of Swing a Duke Ellington b Irving Berlin c Paul Whiteman d Benny Goodman 10 Which of the following is associated with the New Orleans style of jazz a Intricate arrangements with musicians reading their parts b The popularity of the tenor saxophone as a solo instrument c Improvised polyphony d All of the above 11 In the 1880s music publishers that specialized in popular songs for variety shows and theater were concentrated in downtown Manhattan they created a business model for songwriting and publishing that became known as a Vaudeville b Tin Pan Alley c The singing school movement d Jim Crow 12 In what year did the Victor Talking Machine company introduce the first gramophone marketed primarily for home use a 1887 b 1901 c 1917 d 1928 13 Which of the following is the name of a character portrayed by Ethiopian delineator TD Rice in the late 1820s a character that was an early model for the Sambo stereotype of the minstrel show Rice also composed a song that used this character s name a Jim Crow b Cab Calloway c Uncle Tom d Zip Coon 14 This singer fronted Chick Webb s band in the 1930s and brie y led the band after he died She is known as the first lady of jazz a Bessie Smith b Ella Fitzgerald c Sophie Tucker d Ma Rainey 15 Which of the following music venues in Seattle did Even Flory Barnes recommend for under 21 shows a Royal Room b Egan s c Vera Project d All of the above Part IILISTENING Each example will be played twice Read the questions carefully before listening Example 1 Old Folks 020059 16 Who is the composer of this song a Scott Joplin b Stephen Foster c WC Handy d Charles Harris 17 What elements of this song connect it with the minstrel show a dialect b banjo accompaniment c idyllic representations of plantation life d all of the above 18 Which of the following best describes the form of this excerpt a AABA b AA c sectional d call and response Example 2 West End Blues 1st minute 19 Who is the soloist who plays at the beginning a Jimmie Rodgers b Lester Young c Benny Goodman d Louis Armstrong 20 Which of the following best describes the form of this performance a AABA b 12bar blues c Sectional d Call and response 21 Which instrument begins its solo at the end of this excerpt a clarinet b trombone c saxophone d ute Example 3 Waiting for a Train 22 Who is this singer a Bill Monroe b Doc Carter c Jimmie Rodgers d Al Jolson 23 Approximately when was this recorded we changed this question to have two correct answers 1930 was the correct answer because he recorded in the m 1920s But many students got confused and thought it meant 1920s 1930s etc a 1920 b 1930 c 1940 d 1950 24 What sounds in this song were not commonly associated with the genre of hillbilly music a yodeling b trumpet c Hawaiian steel guitar d all of the above Example 4 Mambo Gozon 25 Who is this bandleader a Don Aspiazu b Tito Puente c Duke Ellington d Perez Prado 26 Which of the following terms describes the pattern played by the piano at the beginning a montuno b clave c tumbao d coro 27 Which of the following terms best describes the form of the singing section a strophic b call and response c polyphony d verse and chorus Example 5 One O Clock Jump 022053 28 What instrument is playing an improvised solo in the second half of this excerpt a trombone b trumpet c tenor saxophone d clarinet 29 Which of the following terms best describes what the accompanying instruments are playing a stop time b riff c bridge d AABA 30 Where did this band get its start a New York b Chicago c Kansas City d New Orleans Bonus Questions 31 The musical genre known as bluegrass got its name from a A band led by Bill Monroe in the 1930s b A style of dance from the Appalachian region c The idea of mixing blues and hillbilly styles 1 All of the above 32 This blues musician was rumored to have sold his soul to the devil to acquire his extraordinary skill on the guitar a Big Bill Broonzy b Count Basie c Scott Joplin d Robert Johnson DRAFT Midterm Exam 2a Music 162 American Popular Song Spring 2015 Shannon Dudley NOTE Before you do anything else please enter your name ID and exam version on the scantron Read each question carefully before answering Then choose the single best answer for each question You might want to mark the correct answers on your question sheet first and transfer them to your scantron form after you have double checked and made corrections All questions must be answered on a scantron form using 2 pencil Part I 1 2 3 4 5 6 What made the business model of Motown di erent from other record labels at the time a It took a chance on artists who were not already well known b It provided training and musical direction to help Black artists become popular with White audiences c While most of the artists were Black the management was White d All of the above Which US punk band toured England in the mid 1970s and inspired the punk movement there a The Ramones b The Sex Pistols c The Talking Heads d The Plugz This British guitarist was in uenced by the recordings of Robert Johnson and B B King a Eric Clapton b Little Richard c Phil Spector d Chuck Berry Compared to Tito Puente s 1963 original version of Oye Como Va what changes did Santana make in their 1970 cover version a Added bluesin uenced guitar and organ b Sang different lyrics c Changed the original cha cha cha beat to more of a rock and roll beat d All of the above Which of the following styles did Ray Charles incorporate into his own music a Mambo b Gospel c Country d All of the above This musician made his first recordings at Sun Studios in Memphis in 1954 and became known as the King of Rock and Roll a Little Richard b Elvis Presley c Chuck Berry d John Lennon 7 This musicianband created a new paradigm for mainstream American music by popularizing songs that were based on a polyrhythmic groove rather than a chord progression a James Brown b Elvis Presley c Little Richard d The Beach Boys 8 Which of the following did the Beatles do in 1966 a They hired a new drummer b They switched to amplified instruments c They stopped playing live concerts and concentrated on studio recording d All of the above 9 Which of the following technological changes was most directly related to the increasing popularity of albums as supposed to single songs in which a group of songs are related thematically and are sometimes much longer than the traditional 3 minute radio format a Magnetic tape recording b CDs c FM frequency modulation radio broadcasting d The Moog synthesizer 10 Which of these family bands recorded on the Motown label and launched the career of one of the greatest international stars of all time a The Beach Boys b The Temptations c The Jackson Five d The Wonderkids 11 Which of the following changes in the 1940s paved the way for rock and roll by exposing White teenagers to the music of African American artists a The proliferation of independent record labels b Television c Stricter enforcement of copyright law d All of the above 12 This bandartist s sophisticated song writing and studio production was an inspiration to the Beatles and others in the mid 1960s a J imi Hendrix b The Beach Boys c Led Zeppelin d Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five 13 Which of the following is an American musician who formed a power trio in London and pioneered new techniques for the electric guitar including controlled use of distortion and feedback a Chuck Berry b J imi Hendrix c Larry Graham d Eric Clapton 14 What new technique did Larry Graham pioneer in his recordings with Sly and the Family Stone a Walking bass b Synthesized bass c Slap bass d Electric bass 15 Which of the following is a singer and multi instrumentalist who got his start with Motown and who was one of the first mainstream musicians to feature synthesizers prominently in his songs a Stevie Wonder b Michael Jackson c George Clinton d James Brown Part IILISTENING Each example will be played twice Read the questions carefully before listening Example 1 Stairway to Heaven fr 615 16 Who is this band a Parliament b The Beatles c Led Zeppelin d The J imi Hendrix Experience 17 What kind of music did this guitarist specialize in before joining this band a punk b rock c blues d jazz 18 In terms of vocal style timbre form and instrumental virtuosity this band set an important precedent for what kind of music a heavy metal b punk c funk d all of the above Example 2 Long Tall Sally fr 015 19 Who is this artistband a Ray Charles b Sly and the Family Stone c James Brown d Little Richard 20 Which of the following terms best describes this ensemble a Big band b Jump band c Rock quartet d String band 21 Which of the following do you hear in this song a l2 bar blues b stop time c back beat d all of the above Example 3 La Bamba 22 Who is this singer a Buddy Holly b Little Richard c Ritchie Valens d Carlos Santana 23 This is a rock and roll cover version of a song that is originally from a Havana Cuba b Veracruz Mexico c South Texas d Spain 24 Which of the following elements in this song represents an in uence of Latin Caribbean music a Tumbao rhythm played on the drums b Clave rhythm played on a cymbal c Call and response coro d All of the above Example 4 Your Cheatin Heart 25 What is the first instrument you hear a Fiddle b Steel guitar c l2 string electric guitar d Indian sitar 26 What is the instrument that answers the first few vocal phrases a Fiddle b Steel guitar c l2 string electric guitar d Indian sitar 27 Which of the following vocal techniques contributes to the emotional quality of this singer s voice and has a history in country music a scatting b yodeling c bel canto d homophony Example 5 Flash light fr 410 28 Which of the following in uenced this artistband a Soul music b Psychedelic rock c The elaborate stage productions of metal and glam rock d All of the above 29 Which of the following best describes the form a Cyclical with improvisations by a single soloist b Cyclical with brief improvisationsvariations by different musicians c Verse and Chorus d Sectional 30 The bass player for the band you are listening to also played bass for this earlier ground breaking artistband a James Brown b Stevie Wonder c Led Zepellin d The Jackson Five Bonus Questions 31 In what year was the Moog synthesizer introduced into pop music a 1959 b 1967 c 1978 d 1984 32 What was the record label that Ruben Blades first recorded with a Chess b Atlantic c Fania d Decca
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