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UCLA / Italian / IT 42 / madrake root

madrake root

madrake root

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3) Where did Callimaco live before returning to Florence?




2) What are the characters’ professions?




1) Where does the story take place?



Study Guide – Quiz 3 The 27 questions included in the quiz will be chosen from this list (the wording in the quiz might be slightly different)  The Madrake Root: Prologue:  1) Where does the story take place? o Set in Florence, Italy  2) What are the characters’ professions? Do they remind you of another work we have read thisIf you want to learn more check out geology 101 final exam
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quarter? Which one? – Decameron o Callimaco is a Parisian merchant  o Ligurio is the adviser working for Callimaco o Nicia is the dumb old lawyer o Timoteo is a priest o Lucrezia is the beautiful wife of Nicia o Sostrata is Luc’s mother o Siro is Callimaco’s servant  3) Where did Callimaco live before returning to Florence? o He is from Paris  4) What does the author write about his condition in the Prologue? o Says that he is lovesick Act 1:  5) To which historical events does Callimaco refer in 1.1 (Act 1, Scene 1)? o 1494 attack on Florence by Kiing Charles  6) Why does Callimaco decide to leave Paris? o To see if Italian women are more beautiful than Parisian women – to meet this Lucrezia that he has fallen in love with  7) What makes Callimaco believe that he might achieve his goal (that is, to sleep with Lucrezia)? o Her husband is dumb, and both Nicia and Lucrezia want children, the mother might be a wildcard as well 8) What role does Ligurio play? What role does Siro play? o Ligurio is the sneaky adviser – parasite, or playmaker – convinces Nicia to follow plan  Kind of like the devil over shoulders o Siro is the servant that talks to him – holds him back – more safe route – tells him to be careful  Kind of like the angel over shoulders  9) What does Ligurio say about Lucrezia? Does Ligurio think that Nicia deserves to be with Lucrezia? o She is the fine lady – matched with the old fool o No  10) What will Callimaco pretend to be in order to deceive Nicia? o Pretend to be a doctor with exp in herbology  Act 2:  11) How does Callimaco manage to impress Nicia? o Latin phrases  12) How does Callimaco suggest that Lucrezia’s sterility be cured? o Take the potion from mandrake root  13) What is the (fictional) harmful side effect of the cure that Callimaco prescribes? o First person to have sex with after the potion will die  14) Why does Nicia hesitate to accept Callimaco’s suggestion? o That his wife has to sleep with another man Act 3:  15) What does Sostrata assert at the beginning of act 3? o It is fine – she just wants an heir – lesser of two evils  16) How does Ligurio trick Timoteo into accepting his offer (3.4-7)? (And why does Ligurio trick him?) o The first story about the abortion to make him affable first? Then talk to him in private o First story was to see if he would be willing to listen 17) How do Sostrata and Timoteo convince Lucrezia to sleep with a stranger who might die as a result of their “encounter” (3.10-11)?  o Mother tells her to listen to the priest o Priest tells her – certain good and uncertain evil, go for the good o True sin is to displease husband o Story of Lot Act 4:  18) What characterizes Machiavelli’s portrait of Callimaco? If Callimaco were a prince, would he be an effective leader? Consider 4.1 and 4.4, for instance. o He does have characteristics of the prince o Was given inheritance at a young age -> given the title of a prince early on o Driven by his goal, don’t care about how he gets it -> like how ruthless Cesare was o He uses threats to continue his goal -> with Lucrezia o Live and die by the thing for Lucrezia – very weak willed it seems – don’t know if this makes him good Act 5:  19) What does Nicia ask that Lucrezia do in 5.2? o To sleep with the dude? (callimaco) o And get her purified  20) What does Callimaco say to Lucrezia in 5.4? o That he loves her and will marry her when Nicia dies  21) What does Lucrezia propose in her dialogue with Callimaco? o To continue their relationship after this – be friends with Nicia so they can do it easily  22) True or False: Lucrezia is described as if she were reborn after the night spent with Callimaco. o Yes, some spiritual rebirth  23) Where does the play end? o It ends in the churchRaphael: 1) Which moral qualities, according to Vasari, distinguish Raphael from other artists? – He had good manners and social skills – gentle and affable 2) Where was Raphael born? – Born in Urbino, Italy 3) Who was his first master? – Was Pietro Perugino  4) Why did Raphael travel to Florence? – To see the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo? 5) How did Raphael react when he saw the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo in Florence? – Amazed and delighted 6) Who was the pope when Raphael arrived in Rome? Pope Julius II 7) Who helped Raphael gain the favor of the pope? Bramante 8) Who commissioned the paintings Raphael made in the Room of the Segnatura? –julius 9) What are the subjects depicted in these paintings? – theologians and astrological figures + evangelists  o Diogenes, Aristotle, Plato o Federigo, Bramante, Rapael  o Saint Matthew o Cybele, Diana Polymastes 10) Who are the philosophers at the center of the School of Athens? – Plato and Aristotle 11) One writer appears in two of the paintings of the Room of the Segnatura: who is he? – saint matthew 12) Who is the pagan god at the center of the Parnassus? - Apollo 13) Who is the Dominican friar that had been excommunicated by Alexander VI (and then executed in Florence) and that appears in the Disputation of the Sacrament? - Savonarola 14) Who are the two male figures depicted seated (one on each side) in Raphael’s Justice (p. 317)? – He drew Justinian and Pope Julius II 15) What is the painting, with a mythological subject, that the banker and merchant Agostino Chigi commissioned to Raphael? - Galatea 16) Who becomes Raphael’s main patron after the death of Julius II in 1513? – leo x  17) Who are the two saints who brandish a sword in The Meeting of Leo III [actually Leo I] and Attila? - they are saint peter and saint paul 18) What is the “respectable reason” for which, according to Vasari, Raphael postponed (or continued to postpone) getting married? - he wanted to be made a cardinal – some reward at the end 19) How did Raphael die? – apparently from too much sex – didn’t get restorative for his sickness Michelangelo: 1) Did Michelangelo’s father support his son’s artistic disposition? – No,  2) Who was Michelangelo’s first master? How old was Michelangelo at the time? -Domenco Ghirlandaio, he was 133) Who is the powerful Florentine man who treated Michelangelo as if he had been his son? – Lorenzo de Medici 4) How did this powerful Florentine come to appreciate Michelangelo’s talent? – he was found while working as apprentice for Ghirlandaio – sent to garden and rival torrigliao 5) What is the discipline that Michelangelo (like Leonardo) studied carefully and that allowed him to represent the human body with such realism in his works? - anatomy 6) What does Vasari say about the comparison between ancient and modern (that is, from Vasari’s standpoint, the 1400s and 1500s)? (especially p. 423) – modern works are just as good as acient ones when they are ancient – bad to chase just for reputation 7) What is the sculpture that cardinal Rouen commissioned to Michelangelo during the artist’s first stay in Rome? What does Vasari say about what some critics said about this sculpture? – he commissioned M to carve the Pieta – they criticized lady for being too young, but virgins are young 8) What does Vasari tell us about the block of marble from which Michelangelo made the David? – it was ruined by mastr simone 9) Who commissioned the David? What does the David symbolize according to Vasari (p. 427)? – piero soderini? – is symbol of palace, like how david defended his people and governed with justice 10) Who summoned Michelangelo to Rome in the year 1503-04 after the death of Alexander VI? – summoned by Julius II 11) What is the project that this patron assigned to Michelangelo (and that Michelangelo never completed)? – His tomb? 12) Who is the Hebrew prophet whose figure Michelangelo sculpted as part of the tomb of Julius II? - Moses 13) How would you describe Michelangelo’s relationship with Julius II? – not that good, they had a lot of arguments – seemed persecutory almost 14) What happened to the bronze statue of Julius II that Michelangelo made in Bologna? – was taken down 15) What are the circumstances that led Julius II to request that Michelangelo paint the vault of the Sistine Chapel? – Artists of the time felt jealous of M. and tried to make him fail 16) What kind of work did Michelangelo do for the Florentine government in 1529 while the Medici were (briefly) out of power? Who was the pope at the time? – Pope at time was Clement VII, and Michelangelo was working to reinforce fortification of city 17) Who commissioned the Last Judgment? – Clement VII 18) Who was the pope when Michelangelo completed the Last Judgment? – Paul III 19) Who is the figure that appears as a judge at the center of the Last Judgment? – Mary and Christ 20) In what context does Vasari mention Messer Biagio da Cesena? – That he talked badly about the Last Judgement 21) Who was Michelangelo’s favorite poet (p. 463)? - DanteCellini: 1) What did Cellini (like all other men) have to struggle with in his life (p. 1)? – struggle hard with fortune 2) On which day was Benvenuto Cellini born? – born on all saints day  3) What is the relationship between Cellini’s birth and his encounter with the scorpion? – apparently it was a good omen 4) Who is the great Roman general and political leader for whom Cellini’s ancestor, Fiorino, served as an office? What is the city that Fiorino helped found? – Julius Caesar – helped found Florence 5) Why were Benvenuto Cellini and his brother exiled from Florence? – left with brother for safety?, fought the people 6) How old was Cellini when he arrived in Rome and how did he earn his first money there? – made a salt cellar 7) What does Cellini write about the influence of the stars on our lives? – stars rule our lives, not just influence it Bernini: 1) What was the pivotal event that determined Gian Lorenzo’s fortune? What was his father’s profession? – His father was a sculptor. His fortune was decided by his father’s move to Rome 2) What did Gian Lorenzo study in the Vatican? – he studied antique statues and paintings of Rap, M. and romano 3) What was Gian Lorenzo’s first work? How old was he? – was goat Amalthea – it was when he was 10 or 11 ish 4) Who commissioned the Martyrdom of St. Sebastian? – cardinal barberini 5) Which famous artist apparently influenced the St. Sebastian and St. Lawrence? - Michelangelo 6) What are the four famous statues that Bernini made for Cardinal Borghese? What are the literary sources from which Bernini drew the subjects of these works? – Aeneas and Anchises, Pluto and Persephone, Apollo and Daphne, David – from Greek mythology and Bible 7) What is the work that we have studied earlier in this course and that Bernini imitates in his Aeneas and Anchises? – Michelanglo’s Risen Christ 8) What is the main difference between Bernini’s characterization of his David and that of Michelangelo’s David? – Bernini depicted the moment of the shot, M depicted moment before the fight 9) Pp. 68 and 115: How does Hibbard describe Bernini’s status during the papacy of Urban VIII? – his position is like a prince and minister truly 10) What were the main challenges in making the Baldachin? And how did Bernini and his patron overcome these challenges? – they needed a lot of metal, and they achieved by taking metal from other works 11) In which part of St. Peter’s Basilica does the Baldachin stand? – over St. Peter’s grave, under the dome, right in the center 12) What are the heraldic symbols of the Barberini family that we can find on the Baldachin (p. 79)? – bees and suns13) What is, according to Hibbard, the symbolic significance of Bernini’s statue of Matilda of Tuscany? (See also the papal tiara and the key that she holds in her left hand). – shows insight into Pope Urban VIII’s thoughts (Barberini) 14) What do the female figures sculpted on the Tomb of Urban VIII personify? – signify his lovers

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