EXAM #2 TEST The broadcasting philosophies of the United States and the United Kingdom are as follows: a. The United StaWe also discuss several other topics like scsu accounts receivable
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tes has a public service broadcasting system while the UK has a commercial broadcasting system. b. The BBC has a public service broadcasting system while the US has a commercial broadcasting system c. Both the United States and the UK have public service broadcasting system. d. Both the UK and the US have purely commercial broadcasting systems. The original mission of the BBC and the VOA were as follows: a. The BBC was an instrument of colonial linguistic and cultural proximity and connection while the VOA was an instrument of counter-propaganda b. The VOA was an instrument of linguistic and cultural proximity and connection while the BBC was an instrument of counter-propaganda c. The BBC and the VOA were founded as instruments of linguistic and cultural proximity d. The VOA and the BBC were founded as instruments of colonial cultural proximity and counter-propaganda. The following phenomena exemplify cultural and linguistic continuity between the United Kingdom and the United States: a. The English language, the King James version of the Bible, the Common Law, and geographical names b. The English language, the Internet, The Common Law, and identical systems of government c. The English language, The King James version of the Bible, Hollywood and baseball d. The English language, the internet, The Common law, identical systems of government and geographical names Diffusion of media innovation across the globe operates as follows: a. Innovations diffuse only from a geometric center to the periphery b. Innovations always diffuse from a geometric periphery to the geographic center c. Innovations diffuse from one geometric center to another geometric center. d. Innovations diffuse from a center to the periphery to the center. Freedom of expression is a human right. From an international perspective, the following statement is true of free speech: a. All nations of the world have a uniform concept of free speech a. Free speech is purely an American concept b. Free speech is interpreted in different ways by different countries c. All of the above The most important trend in mass communication is convergence. This means that: a. Each medium functions alone, to the exclusion of others. b. Viewers are now flooded with infotainment rather than information. c. All the media are blending together to deliver information, entertainment and other content. d. There is a lot of confusing and misleading information on the Internet. What do the following international broadcasting networks–Al-Hurra, Radio Liberty, Radio Liberty, Radio Marti, VOA, Radio Sawa–have in common? a. They are all owned and funded by the US government b. They are all funded by Saudi Arabia c. They are owned and operated by the Organization for Islamic Cooperation d. They are owned and funded by FranceIn communication, the term “digital divide” refers to: a. The difference between digital and analog systems b. The divide between circuit-switched and packet-switched systems c. The gap between those who have access to technology and those who don’t d. The gap between authoritarianism and socialism The World Wide Web was: a. Developed by US Department of Defense b. Invented by Tim Berners-Lee of CERN, Geneva, Switzerland c. Developed and diffused by the International Telecommunications Union d. All of the above The Arba World has a number of broadcasters. The most influential one is: a. Al-Arabiya b. Al-Jazeera c. Al-Ahram d. Al-Hurra Under the First Amendment free speech system of the United States, the following statements are true: a. There is no such things as “hate speech”, the right of the speaker trumps the feelings of the listener if the speech is not fighting words said “in your face.” b. Hate speech against minorities and homosexuals is illegal; the feelings of the listener trump the right of the speaker at all times. c. Fighting words are illegal, and the right of the speaker does not trump the feelings of the listener. d. Both A & C Google’s search system is based on a secret algorithm. The words algebra and “algorithm” originated from: a. Early Arabian & Persian mathematicians b. Early Greek mathematicians c. Roman mathematicians who created Roman numerals d. All of the above Under the First Amendment, the following statement are true: a. America is a marketplace of ideas; all views are allowed. b. Hate speech and other types of offensive speech against religion are legal. c. Hate speech, homophobia, transphobia, and blasphemy against Islam are illegal d. Both A & B In Internet studies, “diffusion” of network technology means: a. Spread of the Internet from Europe, where its architecture and the protocols of the WWW were invented, to the United States and other parts of the world. b. Spread of the Internet from ARPANET, where its architecture and protocols were invented, to the Department of Defense c. Spread of the Internet from the United States, where its architecture and protocols were invented, to other parts of the world. d. All of the above The first amendment guarantees us the following: a. Freedom from state religion, freedom of speech, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government. b. Freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom from hate speech c. Freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom from rude and offensive speech d. Freedom from biased journalists and manufactured consent. One of the major issues in contemporary global communication is the demand for respect for religious sentiments. It comes down to: a. A clash between freedom of religion and freedom of expression b. A clash between human rights and religious rites c. Violation of the freedom of expression of all believers. d. Both a & b. The first live broadcast transmission of a major global sports event was: a. The Apollo moon landings of 1969 b. The first launch of the NASA space shuttle c. The 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games d. The 9/11 Terrorist attacks The expression “cultural appropriation” means: a. Making illegal and insensitive parodies of other cultures b. Deliberately taking elements of specific cultures out of context, presenting them inaccurately, and making money from those presentations. c. Using words like “avatar”, “karma” “algebra”, “algorithm”, “telenovela” and “Tsunami” from other cultures without permission from those cultures d. All of the above The BBC and the VOA are international broadcasters. The difference between the two is that: a. The BBC was started to maintain cultural and linguistic links within the British Empire, while the VOA was started to encourage unity among the states. b. The VOA was started to maintain linguistic continuity in North and South America, while the BBC was started to link the British Empire c. Both the BBC and the VOA were started to maintain linguistic and cultural continuities d. The BBC was started to maintain cultural and linguistic links within the British Empire, while the VOA was started to counter NAZI propaganda in Latin America. The first major international news event that was broadcast and watched live across the world was: a. The Apollo moon landings of 1969 b. The first launch of the NASA space shuttle c. The 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games d. The 9/11 Terrorist attacks The Cornerstone of freedom of speech and of the press in the United States is: a. Congress, which makes laws to band hate speech in America b. The First Amendment c. The civil Rights Act of 1964 d. The Communications Decency Act of 1996The Universal Declaration of Human Rights considers freedom of religion, freedom to hold opinions and transmit them across national borders, and freedom of expression as: a. Human rights that should not be curtailed by governments b. Human rights that are applicable in certain countries but not in others c. Human rights but religious rights trump human rights d. Human rights that do not include hate speech and homophobia When technological innovations diffuse from the center to the periphery: a. They are “reinvented” to suit cultural conditions in different countries b. They are modified to suit the political ideologies of different cultures c. They remain untouched in order not to damage the original technology d. Both a & b The international broadcasting philosophies of the United States and the United Kingdom are as follows: a. The United States has a public diplomacy system while the UK has an information and cultural exchange broadcasting system. b. The BBC has a cultural and information exchange broadcasting system while the US government has a commercial system c. Both the United States and the UK have purely public diplomacy international broadcasting systems. d. Both the UK and the US have purely commercial broadcasting systems The Internet can be defined as: a. A network of telecommunications networks b. A network of computer networks exchanging files in packets c. A network of authoritarian intranets d. A network of circuit-switched networks. In Cuba, the communist government has patterned its national intranet after: a. The neo-merchantilist model of the United States b. The developmentalist model of the Third World c. The Gateway model of China d. The culturist model of France Globalization can be thought of as: a. Interconnection of the world through telecommunications b. Americanization and Westernization of global culture. c. Homogenous and standardized culture transmitted by the media d. All of the above What do CNN en Espagnol, UNIVISION, and TeleMundo have in common? a. They are all Mexican international braodcasters? b. They are all international Brazilian broadcasters c. They are all American governmental broadcasters d. They are all American commercial Spanish language broadcasters The Microsoft technology localization project in Africa involves: a. Translation of Microsoft’s software and applications into African languages. b. Competing against Apple and Samsung for cellphone market share in Africa. c. Joint ventures with other companies to produce cheap smartphones in Africa. d. Both a & c The technological differences between telephones and the Internet is that: a. The internet is packet-switched while telephones are circuit-switched. b. Telephones are packet-switched while the Internet is circuit-switched. c. Both telephones and the Internet are packet-switched. d. Both the Internet and telephones are circuit-switched. The following are known for using international propaganda in the 20th Century: a. The United States pioneered international propaganda to promote capitalism b. Lenin and Trotsky pioneered international propaganda to spread communist ideas c. Goebbels was the master of Nazi propaganda in Hitler’s government d. Both B & C. Global consciousness was triggered in the 1960s by: a. NASA’s “earth rise” or blue marble photograph shot from space b. NASA’s space image of a moonrise c. NASA’s space image of the sunrise d. Star Trek and Star Wars movies about extraterrestrial adventures Culturalist regimes like France and Brazil seek to: a. Counter the domination of English in cyberspace b. Create new words to replace English words that emerge with new technologies c. Protect their cultures in real space and cyberspace d. All of the above The first amendment grants Americans freedom of the “press.” This means: a. Freedom for printers and book publishers b. Freedom for the traditional media in real space c. Freedom for social media, blogs, and other media in cyberspace d. All of the above The international organization that sets the audio and video standards to facilitated global interconnection is called: a. The international Telecommuncations Union b. The federal communcations commission c. The Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) d. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences What do the following broadcast organizations–Al-Hurra, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Marti, VOA, Radio Sawa–have in common? a. They are Middle Eastern stations broadcasting to America b. They are U.S. government funded international communication channels c. They are joint ventures between the United States and Al-Jazeera d. They are funded by the Sheikh of Qatar who funds Al-Jazeera Mexican and Brazilian media products are broadcast on Spanish-language American TV channels like Univision and NBC Telemundo. This demonstrates the following cultural phenomena: a. Linguistic proximity b. Counter-diffusion c. Cultural proximity d. All of the aboveThe broadcasting model of the BBC is: a. Multilingual and multicultural broadcasting b. Social responsibility broadcasting with a global outlook c. Commercial international broadcasting d. Government-controlled broadcasting In the grand scheme of cultural globalization and the exchange of ideas and technologies, what do the following phenomena–Jack Ma’s Alibaba, Telenovelas, and the World Wide Web–represent? a. Diffusion of communication “technologies” and content from the center to the periphery b. Counter-diffusion of technologies and content from the peripheries of the world to the center (the United States and Western Europe) c. Economic globalization and American cultural domination d. Technological and media convergence Firewalls are security devices that serve as gateways to networks. They work as follows: a. Authoritarian countries use them to lock their citizens into government intranets. b. Democratic governments never use them to keep out criminals, hackers, and spies. c. Information technology companies use them to keep out hackers and identify thieves. d. Both a & c Fill in the blank What are Intranets? Give one example: A closed network. The great firewall of china is a closed network called an intranet. What is the origin of the word paper? Papyrus Name five international broadcasters or communicators from anywhere in the world that we have discussed in this course: 1. BBC(British Broadcasting Corporation) 2. VOA(Voice of America) 3. Radio Free Europe 4. Al Jazeera 5. Al Hurra Name three networks run by the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG): 1. Voice of America 2. Radio Free Europe 3. Al Hurra What is the global lingua franca of our age of globalization and information technology: English What is knowledge or linguistic capitalism: Internet based algorithmic search business model What is the United States government station that broadcasts to Central Asia? Voice of America Where was the earliest evidence of advertising found in the ancient world? Hieroglyphics, papyrus What is the name of Islamic law or diverse cultural interpretations of the Koran? Sharia Matching Freed African American slaves who returned to Africa in the 19th century: Founders of the West African press and publishers of African anti-slavery newspapers Jamming: Electronic interference with broadcast that is illegal under international lawConfucianism: Ancient Chinese philosophy that influences Chinese media and Internet regulation TASS: The soviet and Russian News Agency Alibaba: Chinese electronic commerce company that is the biggest online commercial platform The Voice of America in Special English: American international radio and TV program that reaches non-English speakers the English language Developmentality or development communication: Media philosophy where the media are seen as instruments of development rather than criticism of the government The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG): Federal government agency that supervises US government’s international broadcasting activities around the world The Great Firewall of China: Chinese architecture of censorship that filters the content of the open Internet Linguistic capitalism: Another name for the Internet-based algorithmic search business model A royal charter that guarantees its independence: An instrument that shields the BBC from political and interest group pressure Radio Marti and Marti TV: United States Spanish language media directed towards Cuba Editorial and literary journalism that emphasizes opinions and ideas: The journalistic style of the Francophone countries of Africa Congregatio de propaganda fide: Catholic Church body whose name communists and Nazi’s transformed into misinformation, disinformation and deceptive communication Reporters Without Borders: International organization that protects journalists around the world The Tower of Babel: Biblical structure that stands as a metaphor for lack of linguistic and cultural diversity Mobile Telephony: Technological innovation that has boosted communication and business in Africa Yandex: The largest Internet search company in Russia Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty: US international broadcasting stations directed towards Eastern Europe and Central Asia The Indian film industry (bollywood): The largest film industry in the world; its products diffuse to all parts of the world Media convergence: Fusion of different media technologies and systems on the Internet Packet-switching: Technology that runs the Internet and makes it difficult to shut down Russia Today Networks: Mouth-piece of Russian government, that presents news from a Russian perspective Knowledge Gap:The divide between those who have access to intellectual and knowledge resources and those who don’t Wikipedia: Commons-based knowledge development platform that is the opposite of knowledge and linguistic capitalism The zero: Numeral invented by Hindi mathematicians that is now a key component of the binary digital system The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC): The World’s first national and international broadcaster (Radio and TV) The Federal Communications Commission: US Government agency that regulates telecommunications, radio and TV France24: The international satellite TV broadcaster of France Xinhua: The Chinese News Agency Avatars: In Hinduism, a word that refers to the forms Hindu gods take when they descend to earth Deutschewelle Radio and TV: International Radio and TV broadcaster of Germany Bose Corporation: International acoustics and sound company founded by Indian immigrant Public Diplomacy: Objectives of American international broadcasting that include reaching publics in other countries to present America’s side of the story Rede Globo (O Globo, Brazil): The largest media conglomerate in Latin America Major Mexican broadcasters:Televisa and TV Azteca XI Jinping: What is the name of the Chinese President who visited the US last week? La Prensa de opinion: Spanish name for the literary, editorial, journalistic style of Latin America Sina Weibo: The most popular social media platform in China The gateway model of Internet regulation: The internet regulatory model of China, Russia, and Cuba Algorithms: Computer applications that program computers and determine Internet search results Baidu: The main internet search engine in China Karma or “the act”: Hindu religious idea which states that humans are chained to the wheel of existence Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya: Major Arab language satellite broadcasters in the Middle East Section 230 of the Communications decency Act: Law that classifies considers YouTube and other social media platforms as content distributors rather than speakers or content producers US Agency for International Development (USAID): United States government agency that started Internet connectivity in AfricaBBC World News TV: The 24-hour International TV newscaster of the United Kingdom The People’s Daily: The official newspaper and mouth piece of the Chinese Communist Party Lingua Franca: A common language adopted and used by speakers whose native languages are different Banglore: The IT innovation hub of India where numerous American companies are based