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GSU - SOCI 105 - Study Guide - Midterm

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GSU - SOCI 105 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Georgia State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Social Problems
Professor: Mindy Stombler
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: concepts
Name: Exam 1 Study guide Intro to social problems
Description: Detailed study guide
Uploaded: 07/13/2017
0 5 3 52 Reviews
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background image Exam 1 Study Guide  Social problem: a social problem is a social condition, event, or pattern of 
behavior that negatively affects the wellbeing of a significant number of 
people (or a number of significant people) who believe the condition, event, 
or pattern that needs to be changed or ameliorated. Social problems are 
socially constructed – society decides what a problem is 
Social Location- the social position an individual holds within their society 
which is based upon social characteristics (statues/ identity) deemed 
important by that society. 
Social Problems Process-  1) Claims making – people make claims that there is a social problem
with certain characteristics causes and solutions 
2) Media coverage- media report on claims makers so that the news 
of the claims reaches a broader audience 
3) Public reaction- public opinion focus on the social problem 
identities by the claims makers 
4) policy making-lawmakers and other with power to set policies 
create new ways to address the problem 
5)social problems work- agencies implement the new policies, 
including calls for further changes. 
6) policy outcomes- various response to policy changes  Sociological Imagination- A form of self-consciousness that allows us to go
beyond our immediate environments of family, neighborhood, and work and 
understand the major structural changes that have occurred and are 
occurring. 
Sociological Theory  Research Methods:  Qualitative – method that uses people experiences and perceptions to
study a social problem. 
Quantitative- method that uses statistical analysis to study a social 
problem. 
background image Agency – the capacity for an individual to act independently and make their 
own choices. 
Structure- the pattern of interrelated social institutions. Like religion, 
government, family, culture, mass media etc 
Social construction- an idea that has been created or defined by a society- 
defining something into existence 
Social Self - how our self-knowledge affects our interactions and 
perceptions- self we show the world through our interactions. 
Looking Glass Self - individuals ultimately gain their social identity by 
viewing themselves through other’s perceptions. 
Intersectionality- the ways in which several demographic factors (social 
statuses/identities) combine to affect people experiences 
Objectivist- based on the empirical conditions or facts that point to 
concreteness of social problems- no biases 
Subjectivist- based on what is defined a problem by society or people.  Social Status- what position you occupy in society, who you are in society. 
These can be ascribed (with you since birth like race) or achieved (status you
receive over time like a college degree and wealth) 
Social Roles- what is expected of you based on your social status.  Social Location- the social position an individual holds within their society 
which is based upon social characteristics (statues/ identity) deemed 
important by that society, where you are located has its disadvantages and 
advantages. 
Symbolic Interactionism- sees society as a product of symbols that are 
given meaning by people through their interactions with others, meaning is 
imposed on things by people, thus society is socially constructed by 
individual interpretation. 
Structural Functionalism- considers how various social phenomena 
function or work together to maintain unity and order in society. Focuses on 
relationships between institutions- they are the pillars that hold up society. 
Conflict Theory- focuses on dissent, coercion and antagonism within 
society this theory claims that society is in a state of constant perpetual 
conflict due to competition for limited resources. Social order is maintained 
background image by domination and power rather than consensus and conformity. Those in 
power maintain the system to keep benefiting from the poor’s oppression. 
Privilege- special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to
a particular person or group of people. Dominant group, especially white 
males have ascribed privileges that blacks and other minorities do not have. 
Costs of Privilege  Majority Group  Minority Group:  * Members experience disadvantage, inequality  * Share characteristics, traits, culture  * Self-conscious of their social status  * Membership is ascribed at birth  * Intimate relationships with member of group  Sex- biological identity of being male or female assigned at birth. Sex 
chromosomes, reproductive organs, hormones. 
Gender- social meanings assigned to people based on their sex  Gender Expression- the way you demonstrate your gender to the outside 
world- hobbies, interests, work, makeup and dress 
Patriarchy- male dominance: values traditional male qualities, considers 
other qualities to be subordinate. Values the gender binary, seeing men in 
higher, more powerful positions in society and reinforce oppression in 
society. Built structure of society. 
Gender Inequality- the way in which the meanings assigned to sex and 
gender as social categories create disparities in resources such as gain 
income, power and status. 
Gender Wage Gap- gap in earnings between, men and women: usually 
expressed as a percentage or proportion of what women are paid in 
comparison to men. 

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School: Georgia State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Social Problems
Professor: Mindy Stombler
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: concepts
Name: Exam 1 Study guide Intro to social problems
Description: Detailed study guide
Uploaded: 07/13/2017
9 Pages 86 Views 68 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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