×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Penn State - CHEM 210 - Class Notes - Week 12
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Penn State - CHEM 210 - Class Notes - Week 12

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

PENN STATE / Chemistry / CHEM 210 / What is the meaning of resonance?

What is the meaning of resonance?

What is the meaning of resonance?

Description

.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-4}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-4 0}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1 0}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7 0}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6 0}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-6}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8 0}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2 0}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-5 0}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5 0}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1 0}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3 0}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4 0}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-0}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5 0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2 0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3 0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-8 0}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6 0}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-5}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8 0}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-7 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-2}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-3}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-4}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3 0}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4 0}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-1}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-7}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-6 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-6}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4 0}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-3}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-0 0}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-3}.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7 0}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2 0}ol.lst-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_7cq8vuv8hnl2-0 0}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-3 0}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-0 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5}.lst-kix_7exed05q0lxf-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-0 0}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-2 0}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9pl9yw5hf5cv-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-8}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-1 0}.lst-kix_vpfo896wecri-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_vpfo896wecri-2}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qwdsz9jq70sv-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_b6rgh7j6u0rf-1 0}.lst-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mftq3376b1y2-1,lower-latin) ". "}

Valence bond theoryIf you want to learn more check out How do inquiry-based investigations support the ap physics 1 and 2 curriculum framework?

                 @1.39         but, all the sameWe also discuss several other topics like What are the three ways to convert resonance structures?

Does Not account for where e- cloud in proximity

Resonance : electron sharing

Cyanic acid(1) can be deprotonated to give the anion 3 A iso cyanic acid(2) can be deprotonated to give the anion AIf you want to learn more check out What are the different body cavities?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is meant by random experiment?

Which species are resonance forms of each other?

4 and 3Don't forget about the age old question of What is a cephalocaudal pattern of growth?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is social stratification?

Slide

electron  motion; no nuclear motion

Notes: chapter 1-1

  1. Simplest rep: Lewis dot structure(octet rule)
  2. Valence bond theory: geom correct 10 calized bond, hybridization, and resonance (ball + stick)
  3. Molecular orbital theory: delocalized molecular or orbitals (localized bonds and antibonds)

Lewis:

-8 rule                  lower rows

Tetravalent = forms 4 bonds ex.c

Divalent: 2 bonds = oxygen(2 lane parts)

Formal charge: diff. Between. Valence of neutral and 3 of (all unshared + half in bonds)

  1. Probability of  being there

→ geom is 2s 2p 3s 2d

  1. Schrodinger equation: wave functions describe - disturb

Norminilized :  hass to be somewhere around nucleus, all two infinite possibility

Orthogonal: orbitals distinct and have zero overlap

 has same E everywhere, but orbitas -dilt E

        Is and 2s dilt

        2px 2pz 2py all same

Hydrogen: is

2nd row: 2s,3-2p orbitals

  • More electroneg.(right) → smaller + lower E
  • Lower in per. table= larger orbitals.
  • Grow w/quantum # is <2s<3s.
  • Any orbital has 0,1 or 2

1.2:

2 waves have matching phases, new wave has more intensity and its square is large

  • Bond formation = ↑ density between the nuclei along the inter nuclear axis ~o bonds

Hybridized:

        Mix one 2s + three 2p

2p +7-                                2p+7 7

2s    1L        →                2s   7

1s    7L                        1s   7L

                = 2        is 7L upper val.

109.bonds angles         

                                        

  1. p orbitals mix with 1s
  2. = 1p issetasite (uncharged)
  3. Sp = 2p orbitals excluded from main

        Ex. carbon

        2 p orbitals mainly with the 2s orbital

sp= ⅔ s ⅓ p → low  because more “s” character -hold  closer to nuclear(+)

Sp

        7 2p → 1-2p orbital

        7 7 7

        7L is

Sp

        7 7 2p →two sp orbital

        7 7 2sp

        7L is -longer diff in lobe size.

0 bond: density between two nuclei @ axis

# bond: increased  density above / below the internuclear axis.

*Higher bond order, shared the bond*

                        Stronger the bond*

Triple >         double >         single

shortest         short                long

Strongest        strong         weak

Carbon - h

Tetrahedral ~ 109.5*

Trigonal planar ~120*

Linear         ~ 180*

Hybrid det by MULTIPLE BONDS

Atom makes

hybrids

Bond angles

No multiple bonds

109.5

2O NE double bond

120

Two double or one triple

sp

190

        Geometry specific hybridization

Lewis dot

#7

  1. # atomic = molecular always

        3 atomic = 3 moles +6

  1. How many

        2 in o

        2 in  = b

CI: #1 ble highest atomic #

        #: #4 ble lowest

        Carbon 2 - continue down chain

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here