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PSY 350 Final

by: Michelle Bonnen

PSY 350 Final PSY 350

Michelle Bonnen
GPA 3.4
Abnormal Psychology

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Abnormal Psychology
Study Guide
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Popular in Abnormal Psychology

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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michelle Bonnen on Wednesday August 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 350 at Illinois State University taught by Kahn in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Illinois State University.


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Date Created: 08/19/15
4 clusters of DSM S criteria for substance use disorders 1 impaired control 2 social impairment 3 risky use 4 pharmacological criteria commonly used depressants and their effect the the CNS alcohol activates GABA which slows down the nervous system opioids binds to receptors ordinarily receiving endorphins typical effects of stimulants cocaine increases dopamine leading to euphoria and mania amphetamines e g methamphetamine gt increases energy and alertness short term effects of cannabis use short 1 feelings of joy and relaxation 2 become either quiet or talkative 3 become anxious suspicious or irritated sharpened perceptions 4 reddening of the eyes 5 fast heartbeat 6 increases in blood pressure 7 increase in appetite 8 dryness in the mouth etc long term effects of cannabis use I contribute to lung disease 2 tar and benzopyrene linked to cancer 3 lower sperm counts males 4 abnormal ovulation females cognitive behavioral therapy substance use expectancies of being rewarded by substance use the quotself medicationquot hypothesis biological theory substance use genetic predisposition higher concordance in M2 than DZ twins adoption studies biochemical factors NT39s vary by substance but maybe a common quotreward centerquot motivational interviewing treatment for addictions motivates patient to move through stages of change therapist develops discrepancies between client39s life goals and effects of substance use community treatments treatment for addictions Alcoholics Anonymous AA community prevention programs DARE the Big 5 taxonomy openness to experience conscientiousness extraversion vs introversion agreeableness neuroticism vs emotional stability 5 pathological personality traits negative affectivity vs emotional stability detachment vs extraversion antagonism vs agreeableness disinhibition vs conscientiousness psychoticism vs lucidity 4 areas of distress found in people with a personality disorder cognition affectivity interpersonal functioning impulse control quotoddquot personality disorders cluster A l paranoid 2 schizoid 3 schizotypal paranoid personality disorder a pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent schizoid personality disorder a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings schizotypal personality disorder a pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort With and reduced capacity for close relationships as well as by cognitive and perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior quotdramaticquot personality disorders cluster B l borderline personality disorder 2 histrionic personality disorder 3 narcissistic personality disorder 4 antisocial personality disorder borderline personality disorder i Pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships self image and affects and marked impulsivity that begins by early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts ii High risk of reckless behavior self harm and suicide iii Biosocial Etiology l Vulnerable biology high emotionality and invalidating social environments unresponsiveabusive caregivers iv Treatment 1 Medication may be helpful but has risk of overdose 2 Dialectical Behavior Therapy DBT a Combines change and validation strategies b Builds skills in mindfulness distress tolerance emotion regulation and interpersonal effectiveness histrionic personality disorder a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking narcissistic personality disorder a pervasive pattern of grandiosity need for admiration and lack of empathy vulnerable defensive insecure vs grandiose aggressive dominant narcissism antisocial personality disorder a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others described as quotpsychopathsquot or quotsociopathsquot and are often in prison The Hare Psychopathology Checklist Revised is the gold standard for assessment possible etiology psychodynamic absence of parental love behavioral modeling and reinforcement biological low serotonin low arousal gt risk taking amygdala dysfunction quotanxiousquot personality disorders cluster C l avoidant 2 dependent 3 obsessive compulsive avoidant personality disorder a pervasive pattern of social inhibition feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation dependent personality disorder a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation obsessive compulsive personality disorder a pervasive pattern of preoccupation With orderliness perfectionism and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of exibility openness and efficiency difficulties categorizing personality disorders some of the criteria cannot be observed directly clinicians differ widely in their judgements about when a normal personality style crosses the line and deserves to be called a disorder personality disorders are often similar to one another people with quite different personalities may qualify for the same DSM S personality disorder diagnosis the dimensional approach disorders classified by the severity of key personality traits rather than by the presence or absence of specific traits each key trait would be seen as varying along a continuum in which there is no clear boundary between normal and abnormal criminal commitment a process when people accused of crimes are judged to be mentally unstable they are usually sent to a mental institution for treatment incompetence to stand trial individuals are judged mentally unstable at the time of their trial and so are considered unable to understand the trial procedures and defend themselves in court not guilty by reason of insanity mental health professionals are brought into court to support their claim when found not guilty on this basis they are committed for treatment until they improve enough to be released M39Naughten rule person cannot distinguish between right and wrong irresistible impulse test someone cannot stop their fit of passion spouse cheating kill the person they are cheating with The Durham Test not criminally responsible if the crime was a result of mental disorder American Law Institute ALI Test tried to combine M39Naughten impulse test and Durham civil commitment involuntary commitment when individuals are dangerous to themselves or others two physicians certification ZPC predicting dangerousness no crime has occurred The Tarasoff Case practitioners must warn third parties if harm is reasonably foreseeable specific threats of violence a specific victim a therapist patient relationship disclosure must allow the potential victim to avoid harm and authorities to intervene What happened in the Tarasoff case a man presented psychotic symptoms and told his psychologist he planned to kill Tarasoff psych warned police gt police arrested him and he convinced him he wasnt going to gt let him go and he killed Tarasoff What are the major implications of the Tarasoff case Establishes that a therapist who knows that a client has harmful intent towards an identified person or persons has a duty to break confidentiality with the client to protect the endangered person duty to warn defendants who are actively hallucinating and experiencing delusions during the time of their trials committed for treatment until they improve enough to defend themselves in court borderline an individual with a diagnosed personality disorder is emotionally unstable impulsive and reckless the drug attaching to the sites normally receptive to endorphins the pleasant feeling called a quothighquot produced by using opioids is due to social anXiety disorder avoidant personality disorder seems MOST closely related to schizotypal personality disorders are categorized into three main clusters that include all but onewhich 1 odd 2 dramatic 3 anXious 4 schiztypal tolerance a frequent drug user finds that larger doses of a drug are necessary to produce the same quothighquot that much lower doses once produced that drug is developing cocaine Mario felt awake and alive as though he could conquer the world If this feeling is because of substance use the substance he most likely used was a dimensional approach quotLet39s try to figure out where clients fall on several key personality traits rather than using an all or none classification systemquot Someone saying this would most likely favor which approach to classifying personality disorders under the in uence of a mental disease or mental defect The Durham test judges a person not to be criminally responsible if he or she has acted alcohol any beverage containing ethyl alcohol including beer wine and liquor Alcoholics Anonymous a self help organization that provides support and guidance for persons with alcohol use disorder amphetamine a stimulant drug that is manufactured in the laboratory CAGE questionnaire 0Have you ever felt the need to Cut down 0Have you ever felt Annoyed by criticism of your drinking 0Have you ever felt Guilty about your drinking 0Have you ever felt the need to drink amorning Eye opener cannabis drugs produced from the varieties of the hemp plant cannabis saliva They cause a mixture of hallucinogenic depressant and stimulant effects cocaine an addictive stimulant obtained from the coca plant It is the most powerful natural stimulant known cross tolerance tolerance for a substance one has not taken as a result of using another substance similar to it delirium tremens DTs a dramatic withdrawal reaction experienced by some people who are alcohol dependent It consists of confusion clouded consciousness and terrifying visual hallucinations depressant a drug that depresses neural activity detoxification systematic and medically supervised withdrawal from a drug dual diagnosis when a person has an emotional problem such as depression and abuses a substance such as alcohol endorphins neurotransmitters that help relieve pain and reduce emotional tension They are sometimes referred to as the body39s own opiods GABA inhibitory AntianXiety drugs tend to facilitate GABA activity in brain heroin one of the most addictive substances derived from opium motivational interviewing i Motivates patient to move through stages of change ii Therapist develops discrepancies between client s life goals and effects of substance use opioid opium or any of the drugs derived from opium including morphine heroin and codeine polysubstanceuse the use of multiple mind and behavior altering drugs reward center a dopamine rich pathway in the brain that produces feelings of pleasure when activated stimulant substances that increase the activity of the central nervous system resulting in increased blood pressure and heart rate greater alertness and sped up behavior substance use disorder pattern of maladaptive behaviors and reactions brought about by repeated use of a substance sometimes also including tolerance for the substance and withdrawal reactions synergistic effect in pharmacologyan increase of effects that occurs when more than one substance is acting on the body at the same time synesthesia an effect where different senses cross ex colors may be heard or felt tolerance the adjustment that the brain and the body make to the regular use of certain drugs so that ever larger doses are needed to achieve the desired effects withdrawal unpleasant sometimes dangerous reactions that may occur when people who use a drug regularly stop taking or reduce their dosage of the drug personality disorder an enduring rigid pattern of inner experience and outward behavior that repeatedly impairs an individual39s sense of self emotional experiences goals capacity for empathy andor capacity for intimacy paranoid personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others schizoid personality disorder characterized by persistent avoidance of social relationships and little eXpression of emotion schizotypal personality disorder characterized by extreme discomfort in close relationships odd forms of thinking and perceiving and behavioral eccentricities antisocial personality disorder marked by a general pattern of disregard for and violation of other people39s rights borderline personality disorder characterized by repeated instability in interpersonal relationships self image and mood and by impulsive behavior histrionic personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking narcissistic personality disorder marked by a broad pattern of grandiosity need for admiration and lack of empathy avoidant personality disorder characterized by consistent discomfort and restraint in social situations overwhelming feelings of inadequacy and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation dependent personality disorder characterized by a pattern of clinging and obedience fear of separation and an ongoing need to be taken care of obsessive compulsive personality disorder marked by such an intense focus on orderliness perfectionism and control that the individual loses exibility openness and efficiency Big Five OCEAN Openness to experience Conscientiousness Extroversion Agreeableness Neuroticism biosocial etiology of borderline personality disorder vulnerable biology high emotionality invalidating social environments unresponsiveabusive caregivers dialectical behavior therapy a Combines change and validation strategies b Builds skills in mindfulness distress tolerance emotion regulation and interpersonal effectiveness Pathological personality traits Negative affectivity vs emotional stability Detachment vs extraversion Antagonism vs agreeableness Disinhibition cannot inhibit their impulses vs conscientiousness Psychoticism vs lucidity Psychopathy Scientific Study of Psychological Disorders Grandiose vs Vulnerable Narcissism characterized by in ated self esteem exhibitionism vs feelings of insecurity associated with depression and reactive agressionmore likely to show up for treatment voluntarily American Law Institute Test a legal test for insanity that holds people to be insane at the time they committed a crime if because of a mental disorder they did not know right from wrong or could not resist an uncontrollable impulse to act civil commitment a legal process by which an individual can be forced to undergo mental health treatment confidentiality the principle that certain professionals will not divulge the information they obtain from a client criminal commitment a legal process by which people accused of a crime are instead judged mentally unstable and sent to a mental health facility for treatment duty to protect the principle that therapists must break confidentiality in order to protect a person who may be the intended victim of a client forensic psychology concerned with intersections between psychological practice and research and the judicial system irresistible impulse test a legal test for insanity that holds people to be insane at the time they committed a crime if they were driven to do so by an uncontrollable quotfit to passionquot M39Naghten rule a widely used legal test for insanity that holds people to be insane at the time they committed a crime if because of a mental disorder they did not know the nature of the act or did not know right from wrong not guilty by reason of insanity a verdict stating that defendants are not guilty of committing a crime because they were insane at the time of the crime Privilege A type of defense in which the defendant claims immunity from punishment for an admitted violation of the law because it was related to his or her official duties two physicians certificate 2 PC need two physicians to agree on your necessary treatment before put into treatment against one39s Will General Psychiatric Management used to treat Borderline Personality Disorder proven to be just as effective as Dialectal Behavior Therapy DBT Durham test a legal test of insanity that holds people to be insane at the time they committed a crime if their act was the result of a mental disorder or defect


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