CLASS NOTE FOR WEEK 2 Install Software Help! How Do I Install Software on a New PC? A new PC often comes with lots of pieces of in-built software. However it is inevitable that you will need to install lots of additional pieces to have the machine how you want it. This could involve adding drivers for pieces of hardware such as your printer, it coulWe also discuss several other topics like sona usf
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d be games or office software. 1. Check to see that you have the right disc which is required for the install. You can also obtain installation software off the Internet. This has to be downloaded and then installed off the hard drive. Make sure you are not required to download anything additional to make the software work, and if you do need to download this at the same time, before you get started. 2. You might have to turn off your anti-virus software in order for the installation to complete. It’s a good idea to scan your PC before you turn this off and then once more after the installation is complete and you have turned the anti-virus back on. 3. Place the disc in the PC or start the installation by clicking run on the downloaded software. When you need to install anything on the PC you will need to ensure it is heading in the right place. You will need to select or create an appropriate folder and place it somewhere where you are able to find it if there are any problems. You will also have to make sure that the operating system and capacity of your PC is able to handle what you are installing. 4. The set up wizard will run and from there you can simply go through the processes as prompted on screen. After you have completed the wizard it is a good idea to restart your PC even if you are not asked to do so.Microsoft® 2.Windows 10 HOW TO USE WINDOWS 10 1. WINDOWS 10 – OVERVIEW Windows 10 is the most recent version of the operating system from Microsoft. Officially it was released in 2015 and was initially offered free of charge to legitimate users of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1. This new version combines features from those two previous installments to suit the users in a better way for both desktop/laptop computers as well as mobile devices. The most notable change in Windows 10 is that Microsoft replaced the Start screen tiles from Windows 8, and brought back the Start Menu. They also removed the vertical toolbars (or “charms”) that appeared from the sides of the screen. These changes make this Windows version easier to use for users of both desktop/laptops and mobile devices. Windows 10 8 2. WINDOWS 10 – INSTALLATION There are two approaches you can take for installing Windows 10 in your computer: Upgrade or a Clean Install. Typically, when you upgrade your operating system, all your documents and applications remain unchanged, whereas with a clean install you would be starting again from scratch. But one important thing to verify first is if your computer has the necessary hardware to support Windows 10. System Requirements Although most computers nowadays probably have the necessary requirements for Windows 10. It will certainly be useful to know them in case you want to upgrade from an older system. The main requirements are: A processor (CPU) with a clock rate of at least 1GHz. At least 1 to 2GB of memory (RAM), but Microsoft recommends 4GB. At least 16GB space in your hard disk. One important thing to note is that the installation process itself will verify your computer hardware and let you know if it qualifies for a Windows 10 upgrade or not. If not, then you will need to upgrade your hardware. Upgrade If your computer qualifies for a Windows 10 upgrade, then you can follow these steps to perform the upgrade: Step 1: Look for the Windows 10 notification in the lower-right corner of the screen. This is a one-year-only offer that Microsoft is extending to valid users of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1. Windows 10 9 Step 2: By clicking on the notification, it will start the download and installation process of Windows 10 in your system. The download required for the upgrade is quite large, so make sure you have a stable Internet connection and continuous power for your computer to avoid interruptions during the process. Windows 10 10 Step 3: After the download is complete, it will prompt you to accept Microsoft’s license terms. Step 4: After agreeing to the terms, it will ask if you want to install the upgrade at that moment or schedule it for later. Windows 10 11 BY PROFESSOR VINCENTSince the upgrade process can take approximately 2 hours, it will be helpful to schedule it for a time, that will be more suitable to you. Step 5: Once the upgrade starts, the system will perform a series of tasks, during which you will see the following screen. During this time, your computer will reboot a couple of times, so don’t worry. The process itself will take you through the steps to complete the upgrade. Windows 10 12 Step 6: As the upgrade approaches its end, it will ask you to configure some basic Windows settings. You can choose to use Express settings, which will apply the most common or recommended settings, or you can choose to customize the settings as you please. Step 7: After the upgrade finishes, you’ll see the Windows welcome screen. Clean Install If your computer has an older operating system like Windows XP or Vista, you won’t be able to upgrade for free. In these cases, you’ll need to buy a boxed copy of Windows 10 to have a valid license for the installation. Windows 10 will have a starting price of $119. Windows 10 13 But take in consideration that old computers that have either XP or Vista installed might have obsolete hardware components and might not be suitable for Windows 10. In this case, make sure you review the system requirements listed at the beginning of this chapter to check if your computer is qualified for a Windows 10 upgrade. If you choose this type of an installation, just insert the disc in your computer and turn it on. Most computers will ask you to press a specific key to boot from the CD/DVD, but most systems use the F12 key. After accessing the disc, you just have to follow the steps which are very similar to the ones from the upgrade. Windows 10 14 3. WINDOWS 10 – GETTING STARTED After you have installed or upgraded your Windows, you will get a Welcome Screen with the time and date. Just click anywhere to go to the User Accounts Screen. USERS This screen lets you choose which user you want to log in to from the lower-left corner. After choosing the right user, and entering a password if necessary, you will see the Windows Desktop. Windows 10 15 NOTIFICATION AREA SEARCH START MENU TASKBAR The Windows Desktop is simply your operating system main screen. Here you have access to an array of tools like the Start Menu, Taskbar, and other icons. Windows 10 also introduces a search box in the Taskbar, which facilitates browsing both your computer and the Web. Windows 10 16 Once you get to the Windows Desktop screen, here are some basic features you will see. START MENU TASKBAR NOTIFICATION AREA One of the most important parts of your Desktop is the Taskbar. By default, it sits at the bottom of your screen giving you access to the Start Menu, several application icons, and the Notification Area. Windows In Windows 10, if an application is active or opened, you will see a green line below its icon. Clicking the icon will bring the application window up. Every open window features three buttons in the upper-right corner. These are used to minimize, maximize, or close the window: 2 1 Minimizing means that the window will hide in the Taskbar. Maximizing will bring the window to a full-screen size. Windows can be moved around or resized as you please: To move a window, just click on its Title Bar on the upper side of the window and drag it. 4. WINDOWS 10 – GUI BASICS To resize a window, move your mouse to any corner until you see a double-sided arrow. Then click and drag until you reach the desired size. Windows 10 17 Icons Most Windows versions will feature different icons on the background. An icon is simply a graphic representation of an application or a file. To open or access an icon, just double click on it. Although the amount and type of icons will vary, depending on the computer, you can add more icons by following these steps: Step 1: Right-click on the Desktop Background Step 2: Choose “New” and “Shortcut”. Step 3: Browse for the application or file you want to create a shortcut to. Step 4: Assign a name to the shortcut and click “Finish”. Icons can also be moved around by clicking on them and dragging them to another place in the screen. Windows 10 18 Desktop Background Another component of your Desktop is the Background. This is simply an image that appears at the back of your screen. Most computers come with a pre-selected background, but you can change it to any image you want. To change the background, follow these steps: Step 1: Right-click on the background and choose “Personalize” Windows 10 19 Step 2: From the Personalization window, choose from a series of pre-selected pictures or browse for your own. Browse for your own picture After choosing a picture, the Background will change automatically. Windows 10 20 5. WINDOWS 10 – NAVIGATION To navigate your Windows, you can simply type what you are looking for on the Taskbar search. It can be the name of a document or application, or just any information you are looking for. Start Menu If you are looking for a specific application, you can also open the Start Menu and click “All Applications”. This will open an alphabetical list of all the applications installed on your computer. Windows 10 21 File Explorer If you are looking for a specific document, another alternative is to use the File Explorer by clicking on the Folder icon on the Taskbar. In the File Explorer window, you can browse all your folders and documents. Windows 10 22 Virtual Desktops One of the new features of Windows 10 is the addition of Virtual Desktops. This allows you to have multiple desktop screens where you can keep open windows organized. To add a virtual desktop, follow these steps: Step 1: Click Task View on the Taskbar TASK VIEW Step 2: Click the “New desktop” option on the lower-right corner. You can access or delete the new Desktop by clicking Task View again. Click for a New Desktop Windows 10 23 6. WINDOWS 10 – START MENU The Start Menu is the main point of access to your applications. There are two main ways to open it: Step 1: Use your mouse to click Windows icon in the lower-left corner of the taskbar. Step 2: Press the Windows key on your keyboard. The Windows 10 Start Menu features two panes. The left pane resembles the traditional Start Menu from Windows 7 and earlier, while the right pane features live tiles that were used in Windows 8. Windows 10 24 Left Pane Among the things you can do in the left pane are: 1. Click the username at the top of the menu to change account settings or log in with another user. 2. Access the applications you use more frequently. 3. A small arrow next to an application will open a sub-menu with a list of recent documents opened with that application. 4. Open the “File Explorer” to navigate your folders and files. 5. Change the settings of your computer like your Internet connection or changing your background. 6. See different options to shut down your computer. 7. See a list of all the applications installed in your computer. Windows 10 25 Search Box The “Search box” on the Taskbar will allow you to search within your documents and files or on the Web for anything you write. The initial results will appear within the Start Menu itself. The results will be grouped according to the closest match (or matches) labeled “Best match” at the top of the list. Windows 10 26 The remaining results will be grouped according to what they are or their location: Web results Documents or folders Apps System settings The icons on the left side of the menu do the following: The Gear icon will allow you to configure the settings of your Search. This icon will let you send Feedback to Microsoft on what you like or dislike about Windows. Windows 10 27 The Cortana icon will activate Windows’ new personal assistant. Clicking “My stuff” or “Web” at the bottom will expand the Start Menu and limit your results to the location you choose, as well as streamlining the search. Right Pane The right pane features a varied array of tiles, similar to the ones that were seen on the Start Screen of Windows 8. These tiles can be moved and dragged to different places by holding the mouse button. Windows 10 28 You can also configure them by right-clicking on them to see options to resize them or “unpin” them (remove them) from the Menu. The whole Start Menu can also be resized by dragging the borders with the mouse to the desired size. Windows 10 29 7. WINDOWS 10 – TASKBAR The Windows 10 taskbar sits at the bottom of the screen giving the user access to the Start Menu, as well as the icons of frequently used applications. On the right-side, the Taskbar features the Notification Area which informs the user of different things like the state of the Internet connection or the charge of the laptop battery. NOTIFICATION AREA Pinned Applications START MENU The icons in the middle of the Taskbar are “pinned” applications, which is a way to have a quick access to applications you use frequently. “Pinned” applications will stay in the Taskbar until you “unpin” them. Pin an Application to the Taskbar Step 1: Search for the application you want to pin in the Start Menu. Step 2: Right-click on the application. Step 3: Select “More” option at the top of the menu. Step 4: Select the “Pin to taskbar” option. Windows 10 30 This will attach or “pin” the application icon to your Windows Taskbar. Unpin an Application from the Taskbar To “unpin” it, just right-click the icon in the Taskbar and select “Unpin from taskbar”. You can “pin” it back again any time you want. Notification Area The Notification Area is located at the right side of the Taskbar. It shows different types of notifications from your computer like your Internet connection, or the volume level. At first, the Notification Area shows a limited amount of icons. But you can click the upward arrow on its left-side to see other icons as well. Windows 10 31 Task View Task View allows you to quickly move within your open windows and applications. You can access it by clicking the “Task View” button from the Taskbar. TASK VIEW You can also press and hold the Windows key, and then press Tab to achieve the same result. By pressing the Alt+Tab keyboard shortcut also serves a similar purpose. Windows 10 32 8. WINDOWS 10 – TABLET MODE The Tablet Mode is a new feature in Windows 10, which allows the user to switch the system interface, whenever a tablet is detached from a base or dock. When the Tablet Mode activates, the Start Menu goes full-screen. During Tablet Mode, many other windows like the File Explorer or the Settings window also open at full screen. How to Activate the Tablet Mode? Step 1: Open the Start Menu and select “Settings”. Windows 10 33 Step 2: Select the “System” option. Step 3: Turn the Tablet Mode switch from “Off” to “On”. Turn Switch to ON Windows 10 34 9. WINDOWS 10 – FILE EXPLORER File Explorer is the file management application used by Windows operating systems to browse folders and files. It provides a graphical interface for the user to navigate and access the files stored in the computer. The main way to access the File Explorer is by clicking the folder icon in the Taskbar. After clicking the icon, the File Explorer window will open. 4 3 2 1 The initial File Explorer window is comprised of the following sections: 1. The File Explorer ribbon, which resembles the ribbon featured in Microsoft Office. The ribbon contains buttons for common tasks to perform with your files and folders. 2. The Navigation Pane gives you access to your libraries of documents and pictures, as well as your storage devices. It also features frequently used folders and network devices. 3. The Frequent folders section on the right features the folders you’ve worked with recently to allow for quick access to them. 4. The Recent files section in the lower part of the window features files and documents that you’ve opened recently. Windows 10 35 The File Explorer Ribbon In Windows 10, the File Explorer features a new ribbon toolbar, similar to the one featured in the recent versions of Microsoft Office. This ribbon contains buttons and commands for the most common tasks. The Ribbon features four tabs, each with different commands. Among the tasks you can perform from the Home tab are: Copying and pasting files and folders from one place to another. Moving files and folders to another location. Copying files and folders to another location. Deleting a file or folder permanently or sending it to the Recycle Bin. Renaming a file or folder. Creating a new folder or other new items. Verifying or modifying the Properties of a document or folder. Opening a file or folder. Different options to select one or various files and folders. The Share ribbon gives you different options to share your files and folders. For example: E-mailing or messaging a file. Compressing (“Zip”) a folder to take less space. Printing or faxing documents. Sharing with other users or networks. Windows 10 36 The View ribbon allows you to change the way Windows displays your files and folders. Some of the changes you can make here are: Adding additional panes to show a preview or details of your files. Changing the layout of the files and folders from icons to list, and others. Sorting and arranging the contents of your folder. Hiding selected folders or files. The File tab opens a menu with different options like: Opening an additional File Explorer window. Opening command windows for advanced users. Changing or configuring options about how File Explorer behaves. Windows 10 37 10. WINDOWS 10 – CORTANA Cortana is Microsoft’s intelligent personal assistant. It is included in Windows 10, as well as with other Microsoft systems and devices like Windows Phones and Xbox, among others. Cortana will help you find things in your computer, set appointments, answer questions, and many other things. To use Cortana simply type a question in the search box in the Taskbar, or click the microphone icon and talk to Cortana. The icons on the left-side are for: 1. Home 2. Notebook 3. Reminders 4. Feedback Home is the initial Cortana window where you can type or ask questions. Windows 10 38 Activating Cortana If Cortana isn’t active, you can turn it on by typing “Cortana” in the Taskbar search to access the Cortana settings, or just clicking the “Gear” icon on the left-side of the menu. Activate Cortana Windows 10 39 After activating Cortana, it will start gathering information about you to personalize the experience. You can also customize how Cortana responds to you. Windows 10 40 Personalizing Cortana To further customize Cortana and personalize your interactions with it, you can also access the Cortana Notebook. This notebook stores what Cortana knows about you. Windows 10 41 You can also add reminders by either typing them or talking to Cortana. Windows 10 42 11. WINDOWS 10 – NOTIFICATIONS Windows 10 features a new way to present notifications. You can see them in the Notification Area in the lower-right corner of your screen. Clicking the Notification icon will bring up a sidebar called the ACTION CENTER. The upper part of the sidebar features Tips and App notifications, while the lower part of the sidebar presents a series of Quick Action buttons. Windows 10 43 Customizing Notifications You can customize what notifications Windows 10 presents you in the sidebar by following these steps: Step 1: Go to the SETTINGS window and choose System. Step 2: In the SYSTEM window, select Notifications & actions. The screen will then show you different settings where you can customize what notifications Windows 10 will show. Windows 10 44 12. WINDOWS 10 – QUICK ACTIONS Quick Actions are a set of tiles that give you access to frequently used settings and tasks (like Wi-Fi connection, or screen brightness). Most of the actions can be configured simply by clicking or tapping on the tile. Additional settings and options can be accessed if you right-click the tile. Selecting the All settings tile will take you directly to the SETTINGS window. Customizing Quick Actions With these Notifications, you can customize the Quick Actions tiles by going to the SETTINGS window. Windows 10 45 After opening Settings, you can choose SYSTEM and then select Notifications & actions. Windows 10 46 13. WINDOWS 10 – CLOUD Windows 10 allows you to sign in using an Outlook account. By doing this, Windows synchronizes your documents, contacts, and other things to the cloud. To sign in with Outlook, follow these steps: Step 1: Go to SETTINGS and choose Accounts. Step 2: In the ACCOUNTS window, choose “Sign in with a Microsoft account instead”. Windows 10 47 Step 3: After that, Windows will ask for your username and password. If you don’t have a Microsoft or Outlook account, it will also provide a link to create one. Using a Microsoft account will allow you to sync your documents and personal files to any compatible device, where you use that account. Using OneDrive By signing in with a Microsoft or Outlook account, you have access to OneDrive from your Windows 10. OneDrive is a free storage space in the Cloud given to every user of a Microsoft account. To access your OneDrive from Windows, simply click on the File Explorer icon in the Taskbar. When the File Explorer window opens, you will see the link to OneDrive on the left side of the screen. Windows 10 48 You can move documents from your local folders into OneDrive by dragging them with your mouse or your finger. OneDrive uses different icons to show you the status of your files and folders: A green checkmark means that the document or folder is in sync with the online version. A blue double-arrow means that the document or folder is currently syncing. A red X means that there was some issue or problem syncing the document or folder. Windows 10 49 14. WINDOWS 10 – UNIVERSAL APPS With Windows 10, Microsoft has launched an initiative for applications to be “universal” across their different platforms. This means that an application designed for your computer can also work in a Windows Phone, an Xbox, or any other Windows-compatible devices. To achieve this, Windows developed the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) and improved the Windows Store to serve as the unified storefront for all Windows apps. To access the Windows Store, users can click the icon on the Taskbar. This will open the Windows Store allowing the user to browse for any app he wants. Windows also allows “cross-buys”, which means that buying the license for an application on one device, also applies to any other compatible device the user has. Windows 10 50 15. WINDOWS 10 – MULTIPLE DESKTOPS One of the innovative features of Windows 10 operating system is the addition of Virtual Desktops. This allows you to have multiple desktop screens, where you can keep open windows organized. To add a virtual desktop, follow these steps: Step 1: Click Task View icon on the Taskbar. Step 2: Click “New Desktop” option on the lower-right corner. You can access or delete the new Desktop by clicking Task View icon again. Windows 10 51 16. WINDOWS 10 – USERS MANAGEMENT Like most Windows versions since XP, Windows 10 allows you to log in to different user accounts when using your computer. Like we discussed earlier, you can choose which account you want to log in to after turning on the computer. Windows 10 52 But you can also configure or manage your user account after you’re logged in. To do this, follow these steps: Step 1: Open the Start Menu Step 2: Click on Settings. Step 3: From the SETTINGS window, choose Accounts option. Windows 10 53 Step 4: In the ACCOUNTS window, choose the account setting you want to configure. If you want to change your sign-in options, like your password, select Sign-in options. Under Sign-in options, Windows 10 lets you change your password. It also lets you choose when the computer will ask you to sign in. Windows 10 54 17. WINDOWS 10 – SECURITY Windows 10 features a series of tools to help you protect your computer from threats like viruses and other malware. The three main security tools are: User Account Control Windows Defender Windows Firewall User Account Control The Windows User Account Control is a tool that warns you when someone or something attempts to change your computer system settings. When this happens, the screen will alert you until an Administrator can confirm the change. This helps protect your computer against accidental changes or malicious software altering your settings. Initially, this User Account Control is set at a moderate to high level, which means it will notify you only when an application tries to make changes to your computer. However, you can change this setting to your desired level by following these steps: Step 1: Open the Control Panel by searching for it in the Search bar. Windows 10 55 Step 2: After the Control Panel is open, choose User Accounts. After choosing User Accounts, click on “Change User Account Control settings”. Windows 10 56 In the User Account Control Settings, you can move the slider to the desired position. Windows 10 will give you a summary of how your system will behave under that level. Windows 10 57 Windows Defender Windows Defender is an antivirus and malware protection included in your operating system. It allows you to scan your computer for malicious software, while also checking each file or program you open. To configure Windows Defender, follow these steps: Step 1: Go to SETTINGS and select Update & security. Step 2: In the UPDATE & SECURITY window, select Windows Defender. Here you can customize settings like turning off real-time protection or activating cloud based protection, which allows Defender to send Microsoft information about security threats it finds. Windows 10 58 Windows Firewall Windows Firewall prevents unauthorized access from outside to get into your computer. By default, it is turned on to protect your computer and your network. If you want to customize your Firewall, follow these steps: Step 1: Open the Control Panel by searching for it in the Search bar. Step 2: When the Control Panel is open, choose Windows Firewall. Windows 10 59 Step 3: In the Windows Firewall window, you can customize the settings of it by turning it on or off or choosing when to protect your computer. Windows 10 60 18. WINDOWS 10 – PARENTAL CONTROL Windows 10 allows you to set up a child’s account for your children. This account will allow you to establish restrictions on how the account is used and monitor what your child does. To create a child’s account, follow these steps: Step 1: Go to SETTINGS and choose Accounts. Step 2: In ACCOUNTS, select the Family & other users option. Step 3: Click the “Add a family member” button. Windows 10 61 Step 4: Choose what family member you want to add (child or adult) Step 5: You will then be prompted to create an account for your child. If they don’t have an e-mail account, you can create an Outlook account for them: Windows 10 62 Step 6: Provide a phone number for account security. This will be used in case the account is hacked or inaccessible. Step 7: Choose from some notification and experience options, for example, if you want to receive promotional offers from Microsoft. Windows 10 63 After creation, your child can log in to his own Windows 10 account. In addition, you can choose to monitor what your child does in his account by turning on reports on his activity: You can also choose to block “inappropriate websites” to limit your child’s browsing only to allowed websites. Windows 10 64 Finally, you can also establish when your child is allowed to log in by establishing a schedule: Windows 10 65 19. WINDOWS 10 – APPLICATIONS Windows 10 lets you access your applications in several ways. The easiest way is to search for the name of application using the Search box in Taskbar. Windows 10 66 Another basic option is to open the Start Menu and click on All Apps. Windows 10 67 After selecting All Apps, Windows 10 will present an alphabetical list of all the applications installed in your computer. Windows 10 68 Windows 10 includes the first version of Microsoft’s new browser: Edge. By default, Edge can be accessed by clicking on the icon placed on the taskbar. When Edge opens, it presents a window similar to most browsers. The toolbar, however, is more simplified than the Internet Explorer. It features the following buttons: 20. WINDOWS 10 – WEB BROWSING 1. Back – Takes you to the previous web page. 2. Forward – Takes you to the next web page. 3. Refresh – Reloads the web page. 4. New tab – Add another tab to see a different web page. Windows 10 69 5. Hub (Favorites and History) – See lists of favorite web pages and history of visited web pages. 6. Web Notes – Make Web Notes on the web page. 7. Share – Share the web page via e-mail or other methods. 8. More options – See more options to configure the browser. Adding a Web Page to your Favorites Like most browsers, Edge allows you to store pages that you visit frequently as “Favorites”. To do this, follow these steps: Step 1: Go to the page you want to add as a “Favorite”. Step 2: Click on the “Star” button on the right-side of the browser. You can then access your list of Favorite websites by clicking the “Hub” button on your browser. Windows 10 70 Reviewing Browsing History The same “Hub” button can also present you a list or “History” of web pages you’ve visited. If you wish, you can clear the history by clicking on the “Clear all history” option in the menu. Windows 10 71 21. WINDOWS 10 – NETWORKING Like previous Windows version, Windows 10 will let you know the status of your network connection in the Notification Area. If the connection is wireless, you will see this icon. If the connection is wired, you will see this icon. Wired Connection (Ethernet) If your network connection is through cable, you can access its settings by going to the SETTINGS window, and selecting Network & Internet. Windows 10 72 In the NETWORK & INTERNET window, click on Ethernet to see the settings of your connection. Wireless Connection (WiFi) If your connection is wireless, clicking on the wireless icon will show you details of your connection as well as other wireless networks available. Clicking on Network settings will take you to the Network & Internet window, which presents more specific details about your connection, and options to configure it. Windows 10 73 In the NETWORK & INTERNET window, you can turn your Wireless Network Connection on or off. Windows 10 74 22. WINDOWS 10 – VIRTULIZATION One of the features that Windows 10 has included is the capacity of creating virtual machines. A virtual machine is the software emulation of a computer system. They are created within a real or physical computer, allowing you to create multiple separate “computers” that can run different operating systems and programs. These virtual machines are handled using a special software called a Hypervisor. In this case, Microsoft’s own Hyper-V. Due to the advanced nature of virtualization, not all computers can run virtual machines. In the past, this feature was reserved for servers. But with operating systems like Windows 10, users can create their own virtual machines too. Prerequisites in Windows 10 The basic pre-requisites for creating and running virtual machines in Windows 10 are the following: A 64-bit edition of Windows 10 Pro or Windows Enterprise. Hyper-V isn’t available for Windows 10 Home edition. Your computer processor needs to support virtualization, or more specifically SLAT (Secondary Level Address Translation). Virtualization has to be enabled in your computer’s BIOS. This is a small program that handles the boot-up of your computer making sure everything is in the right place. Windows 10 75 What Windows version do you have? To find out what specific Windows version you have, follow these steps: Step 1: Open the Control Panel by searching for it in the Search bar. Step 2: After the Control Panel is open, choose System Windows 10 76 Step 3: In the System window you can see what specific Windows version and what type of processor (CPU) your computer has. Enabling Virtualization in the BIOS The BIOS is a small program that runs whenever you turn on your computer. Its basic function is to help the computer boot up by making sure everything is working properly. However, it also controls some advanced features within your computer, some of which have to be enabled in order to work. One example is Virtualization. To enable virtualization, follow these steps: Step 1: Restart your computer and enter the BIOS setup. This is done by pressing a key just as the computer is turned on. The key you have to press varies from one system to another, but it usually is F2, F10, or Delete. Most systems tell you which key to press to enter the setup, or you can consult your computer manual. Windows 10 77 Step 2: After entering the BIOS setup, you must enable all virtualization settings. The BIOS also varies greatly from system to system, depending on the brand. Step 3: After enabling all necessary settings, save and exit the BIOS setup. This is usually done by pressing F10. After this, the computer will restart. Windows 10 78 Setting Up HyperV To create and manage virtual machines, you need to set up Microsoft Hyper-V. To do this, follow these steps: Step 1: Open the Control Panel by searching for it in the Search bar. Step 2: After the Control Panel is open, choose Programs and Features Windows 10 79 Step 3: In the Programs and Features window, click “Turn Windows features on or off”. Step 4: In the Windows Features window, look for the Hyper-V feature and check all the boxes. Windows 10 80 Windows will then install and configure Hyper-V, after which it will ask you to restart and confirm the changes. It will then go through a series of restarts to finish configuring your system. Using HyperV to Create a Virtual Machine After Hyper-V finishes installing, you can open it and use it to create virtual machines in your Windows 10 computer. To start Hyper-V and create a virtual machine, follow these steps: Step 1: Enter Control Panel and select Administrative Tools. Windows 10 81 Step 2: In the Administrative Tools window, click on Hyper-V Manager. Step 3: When Hyper-V starts, you will see the name of your computer on the left-side of the application. Select the computer to work on it. Windows 10 82 Step 4: On the Action menu, select New and Virtual Machine. You can also do this from the sidebar on the right-side of the application, under Actions. Windows 10 83 Step 5: Hyper-V will open the New Virtual Machine Wizard to help you in the process of creating a virtual machine. Here you can click the Finish button to create a virtual machine with some basic configurations. Advanced users can click Next to go through the steps of creating a customized virtual machine. Step 6: After the virtual machine is created, you will see it inside the Hyper-V window. Like real, physical computers, virtual machines need to have an operating system installed in order to work. Hyper-V allows you to turn them on or shut them down using the buttons on the right side. Windows 10 84 23. WINDOWS 10 – REMOTE ACCESS Remote Desktop is a feature that allows you to access another computer on a remote location from your computer. Allowing Remote Access to your Computer To use Remote Access, the remote computer must be configured first to accept remote connections. This setting is turned off by default to avoid unwanted connections, but to turn it on, follow these steps: Step 1: Open the Control Panel by searching for it in the Search bar. Step 2: After the Control Panel is open, choose System Windows 10 85 Step 3: In the System window, note the “Computer Name”; you’ll need it later. Step 4: After that, click the “Change settings” link to open the System Properties window. Step 5: In the System Properties window, you can review the “Computer Name” again, and then click on the Remote tab. Windows 10 86