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FAU / Physical Education Major / PEM 1145 / What is the difference between macronutrients and micronutrients?

What is the difference between macronutrients and micronutrients?

What is the difference between macronutrients and micronutrients?

Description

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NutritionWe also discuss several other topics like What are the sources of variability?

Breakfast                

Don't forget about the age old question of Why does Nutrition Matter?

macronutrients                        micronutrients                        Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of cubic?

Carbohydrates                        vitamins                        

Protein - amino acids                minerals                If you want to learn more check out What are types of work teams?

Fat; polyunsaturated                        

Fatty acids

  • Protein -  essential for skeletal muscle formation and reformation (4Kcal / 1g)
  • Carbohydrate - stored in skeletal muscle A3 glycogen, transported in blood as glucose (4Kcal / 1g)
  • Fat - essential for many metabolic and structural functions (9Kcal / 1g)

If you want to learn more check out Enumerate the characteristics of Science.

Protein , CHO, and Fat are each required for energy storage as well as fuel for exercise and life.If you want to learn more check out What is the philosophy on which bahavior analysis is based?

  • Bouts of exercise 30 secs and 2 mins rely on CHO.
  • Skeletal muscle fibers that become injured require an assimilation of amino acids (protein)
  • Fat is used as a source of energy.

Protein

  • Makes up 20% of body mass.
  • Made up of amino acids.
  • 20 amino acids.
  • 9 essential: lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, throenine, tryptophan, arginine, valine.
  • Leucine, isoleucine, valine = BCAAS
  • 11 non - essential.
  • Histidine is naturally occurring in adults, but not children.
  • Complete Vs. Incomplete Protein.
  • Complete: all amino acids.
  • Incomplete: not all amino acids.

  • Carbohydrates.
  • Major source of body's energy and used to manufacture some cell components such as DNA.
  • CHO`s are not considered essential nutrients.
  • But...
  • Diets low in CHO can force the body to break down skeletal muscle tissue to synthesize the glucose necessary for life functions
  • Excess calories from added sugar often gets converted.
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