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UA - HY 101 - HY 101 Week 1 Notes - Class Notes

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UA - HY 101 - HY 101 Week 1 Notes - Class Notes

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: History
Course: Western Civ to 1648
Professor: Thomas Jennings
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: western and history
Name: HY 101 Week 1 Notes
Description: These are the notes I took from the lectures on August 28th and August 30th.
Uploaded: 09/02/2017
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background image HY ​ ​101  08/28/2017 
 
Lecture
​ ​and​ ​Textbook​ ​Notes    ● Beginning ​ ​of​ ​Civilization  ○ Agriculture ​ ​began​ ​to​ ​become​ ​popular​ ​around​ ​8,000​ ​BC.  ○ Around ​ ​this​ ​time​ ​people​ ​began​ ​settling​ ​down​ ​and​ ​creating​ ​cultures.  ○ It ​ ​is​ ​believed​ ​that​ ​the​ ​existence​ ​of​ ​settlements​ ​and​ ​population​ ​growth​ ​put  pressure ​ ​on​ ​food​ ​supplies,​ ​so​ ​people​ ​turned​ ​to​ ​the​ ​creation​ ​of​ ​agriculture.  ○ The ​ ​existence​ ​of​ ​agriculture​ ​also​ ​allowed​ ​people​ ​to​ ​make​ ​sites​ ​habitable​ ​instead  of ​ ​searching​ ​for​ ​habitable​ ​sites​ ​in​ ​which​ ​to​ ​live.  ○ Chester ​ ​Star​ ​​ ​states​ ​there​ ​are​ ​four​ ​key​ ​elements​ ​to​ ​a​ ​civilization:  ■ The ​ ​presence​ ​of​ ​a​ ​political​ ​unit.  ■ The ​ ​existence​ ​of​ ​social​ ​classes​ ​(​ ​poor,​ ​rich,​ ​middle​ ​class,​ ​etc.)  ■ Economic ​ ​dependence​ ​(​ ​each​ ​person​ ​in​ ​a​ ​society​ ​has​ ​their​ ​own​ ​job​ ​that  contributes ​ ​to​ ​the​ ​civilization​ ​as​ ​a​ ​whole).  ■ The ​ ​development​ ​of​ ​the​ ​arts​ ​(sculptures,​ ​paintings,​ ​books,​ ​etc.).   ○ Star ​ ​also​ ​states​ ​that​ ​civilization​ ​is​ ​imitative,​ ​and​ ​that​ ​group​ ​get​ ​ideas​ ​from​ ​each  other.  ● Ancient ​ ​Near​ ​East  ○ Mesopotamia ​ ​(​ ​“between​ ​the​ ​rivers”)  ■ Mesopotamia ​ ​is​ ​the​ ​area​ ​between​ ​the​ ​Tigris​ ​and​ ​Euphrates​ ​Rivers.  ■ It ​ ​is​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​original​ ​homes​ ​of​ ​civilization.  ■ The ​ ​Sumerians,​ ​the​ ​Akkadians,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Babylonians​ ​lived​ ​here.  ■ The ​ ​Akkadians​ ​were​ ​the​ ​first​ ​to​ ​form​ ​what​ ​it​ ​thought​ ​of​ ​as​ ​civilization.   ■ They ​ ​did​ ​this​ ​under​ ​King​ ​Sargon.  ■ When ​ ​Sargon​ ​died​ ​the​ ​empire​ ​slowly​ ​crumbled.  ■ The ​ ​Babylonians​ ​are​ ​known​ ​for​ ​the​ ​law​ ​code​ ​written​ ​under​ ​King  Hammurabi.  ■ Babylonians ​ ​developed​ ​a​ ​sophisticated​ ​mathematical​ ​system​ ​to​ ​handle  the ​ ​economics​ ​of​ ​business​ ​and​ ​government​ ​administration.  ■ The ​ ​Babylonian​ ​empire​ ​began​ ​to​ ​fall​ ​apart​ ​after​ ​Hammurabi’s​ ​death.  ○ Hittites  ■ The ​ ​Hittites​ ​lived​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Asia​ ​Minor,​ ​which​ ​is​ ​now​ ​modern​ ​day​ ​Turkey.  ■ They ​ ​were​ ​Indo-​ ​European.  ■ Their ​ ​language​ ​was​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​linguistic​ ​family​ ​that​ ​includes​ ​most​ ​modern  European ​ ​languages,​ ​Persian,​ ​Greek,​ ​Latin,​ ​and​ ​Sanskrit.   ■ They ​ ​established​ ​a​ ​centralized​ ​state​ ​based​ ​on​ ​agriculture​ ​and​ ​trade​ ​in  metals ​ ​mined​ ​from​ ​the​ ​Anatolian​ ​mountains​ ​and​ ​exported​ ​to  Mesopotamia.  ■ They ​ ​were​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​earliest​ ​civilizations​ ​to​ ​successfully​ ​smelt​ ​iron. 
background image ■ They ​ ​were​ ​the​ ​chief​ ​political​ ​and​ ​cultural​ ​force​ ​in​ ​western​ ​Asia​ ​from​ ​about  1400 ​ ​BC​ ​to​ ​1200​ ​BC.  ■ They ​ ​destroyed​ ​the​ ​Babylonian​ ​Empire.  ■ The ​ ​Hittites​ ​learned​ ​from​ ​the​ ​civilizations​ ​the​ ​conquered,​ ​and​ ​adapted  parts ​ ​of​ ​their​ ​culture​ ​and​ ​technology.  ■ Their ​ ​expansion​ ​south​ ​ended​ ​due​ ​to​ ​the​ ​battle​ ​of​ ​Kadesh​ ​against​ ​Egypt.  ○ Egypt  ■ Egypt’s ​ ​civilization​ ​revolved​ ​around​ ​the​ ​Nile.  ■ The ​ ​nile​ ​floodplain​ ​required​ ​little​ ​effort​ ​to​ ​make​ ​the​ ​land​ ​productive.  ■ There ​ ​are​ ​four​ ​periods​ ​of​ ​Egyptian​ ​history:  ● Pre ​ ​and​ ​Early​ ​Dynastic​ ​Egypt  ● The ​ ​Old​ ​Kingdom  ● The ​ ​Middle​ ​Kingdom  ● The ​ ​New​ ​Kingdom  ■ The ​ ​area​ ​surrounding​ ​Egypt​ ​was​ ​very​ ​difficult​ ​to​ ​travel​ ​through,​ ​which  protected ​ ​it​ ​from​ ​invaders.  ■ Egypt ​ ​had​ ​very​ ​little​ ​outside​ ​influence​ ​while​ ​developing.  ○ Assyrian ​ ​Empire  ■ The ​ ​Assyrian​ ​Empire​ ​has​ ​a​ ​high​ ​level​ ​of​ ​centralized​ ​government.  ■ It ​ ​had​ ​a​ ​large​ ​empire​ ​that​ ​employed​ ​full​ ​time​ ​soldiers.  ■ Nineveh ​ ​was​ ​the​ ​central​ ​Assyrian​ ​city.  ■ The ​ ​Assyrians​ ​were​ ​the​ ​first​ ​to​ ​make​ ​massive​ ​use​ ​of​ ​iron​ ​weapons.  ■ The ​ ​main​ ​goal​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Assyrians​ ​was​ ​to​ ​expand.  ■ Assyria ​ ​fell​ ​due​ ​to​ ​unrest​ ​among​ ​the​ ​people​ ​living​ ​there​ ​over​ ​Assyria’s  brutality.  ■ After ​ ​the​ ​Assyrian​ ​Empire’s​ ​fall,​ ​the​ ​New​ ​Babylonian​ ​Empire​ ​took​ ​over.  ■ It ​ ​then​ ​fell​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Persians.  ● Mesopotamian ​ ​Civilizations  ○ The ​ ​Mesopotamian​ ​region​ ​was​ ​urbanized,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​civilizations​ ​there​ ​had​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of  contact ​ ​with​ ​each​ ​other.  ○ This ​ ​also​ ​meant​ ​they​ ​were​ ​very​ ​suspicious​ ​of​ ​each​ ​other​ ​due​ ​to​ ​their​ ​proximity.  ○ Mesopotamian ​ ​kings​ ​were​ ​primarily​ ​seen​ ​as​ ​warriors,​ ​and​ ​were​ ​mostly  remembered ​ ​for​ ​their​ ​military​ ​achievements.  ○ Mesopotamian ​ ​civilizations​ ​were​ ​monarchies.  ○ They ​ ​were​ ​bureaucratic​ ​and​ ​had​ ​trained​ ​staffs​ ​to​ ​assist​ ​the​ ​ruler.  ○ Religion ​ ​and​ ​politics​ ​of​ ​these​ ​civilizations​ ​were​ ​closely​ ​related.  ● Egyptian ​ ​Civilization  ○ Egyptian ​ ​rulers​ ​valued​ ​the​ ​preservation​ ​of​ ​society.  ○ Egypt ​ ​was​ ​a​ ​monarchy,​ ​and​ ​like​ ​Mesopotamian​ ​civilization​ ​trained​ ​staffs​ ​assisted  the ​ ​Pharaoh.  ○ Egypt’s ​ ​politics​ ​were​ ​also​ ​deeply​ ​related​ ​to​ ​its​ ​religion.  ● Western ​ ​Civilizations 

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: History
Course: Western Civ to 1648
Professor: Thomas Jennings
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: western and history
Name: HY 101 Week 1 Notes
Description: These are the notes I took from the lectures on August 28th and August 30th.
Uploaded: 09/02/2017
5 Pages 79 Views 63 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
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