American Indian Studies 319
Thursday, September 7, 2017
❖ Unsettling the dominant narrative
➢ History & Myth
■ Fact and fiction
■ Research to figure out what’s happening in a specific place at a specific time and writes about it
■ beliefs , attitude, prejudices come into play
■ Not neutral, contested
➢ Why stories matter
■ Impact, stories cannot be unheard
■ Transfer of knowledge
■ Origins and beginnings
■ Relational, connections
■ People and places
■ The gathering place
● Area of long beach
● Gabrielenospanish given
■ Birthplace of religionchinigchinich
■ “Do you know where you stand?”
➢ What is the most appropriate name for North America's first peoples? ■ Identity of humans and their connections to their location
❖ Terminology and demographics
■ American indian
■ Native American
■ First nations/first peoples
■ Triballyspecific name
◆ Connotes locations, connection to place, and
events in creation or emergence Don't forget about the age old question of What are the animal characteristics?
If you want to learn more check out How does a social psychologist do their research?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the types of buying power?
● 566 federallyrecognized tribal nations in the U.S.
● Ca home to 110 federallyrecognized tribes
● 1.9 million american indians and alaska nativesIf you want to learn more check out What are the two examples of natural selection known to occur in nature?
● La county largest urban indian pop. in U.S.
➢ Additional terms
■ Colonization refers to both formal and informal methods that maintain subjugation and exploitation of indigenous peoples, lands and resources
■ Settler colonialism specific formation where foreign entities move into an indigenous occupied region, displace and
dispossess indigenous people from their aboriginal lands and reproduce
➢ American indian identity Don't forget about the age old question of What does a bacterium have?
■ Degree of indian blood
● Social construction of race
● Legalization of race/racialization of american indian
❖ Positive ethnocentrism
■ Use of tribal terms of selfreference
■ No monolithic definition of american indian tribes or people ● Diverse
● Multiple cultural/tribal heritages and affiliations
● Define own membership
● Unique laws, systems of selfgovernance, distinct
Find racism in relation to naming American Indians (Treuer)
❖ The Sacred
➢ Belief and knowledge of the unseen powers or great mystery ➢ Knowledge of the universal dependence of things, relationality and connectedness
➢ Worship is “individually orchestrated” (treuer) and reinforces bond between individual, community and greta powers
➢ Morals and ethics are taught b people with knowledge of traditions and the scared
➢ Tribal specialists pass down knowledge from one generation to the next (oral tradition and intergenerational teaching)
➢ Humor is part of the sacred; human weakness can be addressed through foolishness; clowns hold scared role/[ostion in all American Indian communitiesWe also discuss several other topics like What is the function of critical thinking?
❖ Vine Deloria Jr.AI resistance
■ From God is Red, “Tribal, Religious and Contemporary
➢ “Perhaps nearly as accurate would be the picture of settlement phrased as a continuous conflict of two mutually exclusive religious views of the world,” (238).
➢ How did the american indians marshal resistance to the repression of Tribal, Religious and Cultural Practices?
■ Performed ceremonies alongside Christians and federal ones ■ Cloaked tradition in the flag
■ Practiced in hiding
■ Apply sacred teachings and concepts to resistance and activism, AIM and Wounded Knee 2, Oceti Sakowin Camp, Sacred Stone Camp
■ Recovery and revitalization of tribal history/knowledge