American Indian Studies 319
Thursday, September 7, 2017
❖ Unsettling the dominant narrative
➢ History & Myth
■ Fact and fiction
■ Research to figure out what’s happening in a specific place at a specific time and writes about it
■ beliefs , attitude, prejudices come into play
■ Not neutral, contested
➢ Why stories matter
■ Impact, stories cannot be unheard
■ Transfer of knowledge
■ Origins and beginnings
■ Relational, connections
■ People and places
■ The gathering place
● Area of long beach
● Gabrielenospanish given
■ Birthplace of religionchinigchinich
■ “Do you know where you stand?”
➢ What is the most appropriate name for North America's first peoples? ■ Identity of humans and their connections to their location
❖ Terminology and demographics
■ American indian
■ Native American
■ First nations/first peoples
■ Triballyspecific name
◆ Connotes locations, connection to place, and
events in creation or emergence
● 566 federallyrecognized tribal nations in the U.S.
● Ca home to 110 federallyrecognized tribes If you want to learn more check out Who is jane taylor?
● 1.9 million american indians and alaska natives
● La county largest urban indian pop. in U.S.
➢ Additional terms
■ Colonization refers to both formal and informal methods that maintain subjugation and exploitation of indigenous peoples, lands and resources
■ Settler colonialism specific formation where foreign entities move into an indigenous occupied region, displace and If you want to learn more check out What is the gestalt psychology?
dispossess indigenous people from their aboriginal lands and reproduce
➢ American indian identity
■ Degree of indian blood
● Social construction of race
● Legalization of race/racialization of american indian
❖ Positive ethnocentrism
■ Use of tribal terms of selfreference
■ No monolithic definition of american indian tribes or people ● Diverse
● Multiple cultural/tribal heritages and affiliations
● Define own membership
● Unique laws, systems of selfgovernance, distinct
Find racism in relation to naming American Indians (Treuer)
❖ The Sacred
➢ Belief and knowledge of the unseen powers or great mystery ➢ Knowledge of the universal dependence of things, relationality and connectedness
➢ Worship is “individually orchestrated” (treuer) and reinforces bond between individual, community and greta powers
➢ Morals and ethics are taught b people with knowledge of traditions and the scared We also discuss several other topics like In marketing, what are the types of buying?
➢ Tribal specialists pass down knowledge from one generation to the next (oral tradition and intergenerational teaching)
➢ Humor is part of the sacred; human weakness can be addressed through foolishness; clowns hold scared role/[ostion in all American Indian communities
❖ Vine Deloria Jr.AI resistance
■ From God is Red, “Tribal, Religious and Contemporary
➢ “Perhaps nearly as accurate would be the picture of settlement phrased as a continuous conflict of two mutually exclusive religious views of the world,” (238). Don't forget about the age old question of What is function of critical thinking?
Don't forget about the age old question of How many characteristics of science are there?
Don't forget about the age old question of Why the concept of evolution is regarded as a theory with great significance?
➢ How did the american indians marshal resistance to the repression of Tribal, Religious and Cultural Practices?
■ Performed ceremonies alongside Christians and federal ones ■ Cloaked tradition in the flag
■ Practiced in hiding
■ Apply sacred teachings and concepts to resistance and activism, AIM and Wounded Knee 2, Oceti Sakowin Camp, Sacred Stone Camp
■ Recovery and revitalization of tribal history/knowledge